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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
GENES
CONTAIN THE INFORMATION THAT IS NEEDED TO BUILD THE CELLS AND CELL PRODUCTS.
CELL DIVISION (FISSION)
OCCURS WHEN ONE CELL (PARENT CELL) DIVIDES TO PRODUCE TWO NEW CELLS (DAUGHTER CELLS)
MITOSIS
THE EQUAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE PARENT CELL'S GENES BETWEEN THE TWO NEW DAUGHTER CELLS
CYTOKINESIS
THE DIVISION OF THE PARENT CELL'S CYTOPLASM AFTER MITOSIS IS FINISHED.. PROVIDES EACH DAUGHTER CELL WITH SOME CYTOPLASM AND ORGANELLES.
INTERPHASE
THE STAGE BEFORE A CELL DIVIDES - IT MAKES A COPY OF EVERY ONE OF ITS GENES
PROPHASE
MEMBRANE AROUND NUCLEUS DISAPPEARS. CHROMOSOMES BEGIN TO COIL UP.SISTER CHROMATIDS ARE ATTACHED AT ONE POINT , APPEAR AS X SHAPED.
METAPHASE
CHROMOSOMES ARE LINED UP AT THE CENTER OF SPINDLE.
ANAPHASE
EACH PAIR OF SISTER CHROMATIDS OF ONE X SHAPED CHROMOSOME SEPARATE AND MOVE TO OPPOSITE ENDS
TELOPHASE
NEW CHROMOSOMES REACH END OF SPINDLE AND UNCOIL. NEW NUCLEAR MEMBRANES FORM
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
REPRODUCTION BY MITOTIC CELL DIVISION
BUDDING
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN YEAST. A SMALL BULGE ON THE SIDE OF THE CELL.
REGENERATION
PROCESS OF REGROWING MISSING BODY PARTS THROUGH CELL DIVISION.
SPORE
A CELL SLURROUNDED BY A PROTECTIVE COVERING
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION
WHEN TWO ORGANISMS EACH GIVE A COMPLETE COPY OF THEIR GENES TO FORM A NEW ORGANISM
MEIOSIS
IN SEXUAL REPRODUCTION, THE GENETIC MATERIAL IS DOUBLED AND THEN SEPARATED INTO SINGLE COPIES
NUCLEOTIDE
THE BASIC STRUCTURAL UNIT OF DNA AND RNA; CONTAINS A SUGAR, PHOSPHATE, AND A BASE
CODON
A SEQUENCE OF THREE NUCLEOTIDES IN A DNA MOLECULE; EACH CODON IDENTIFIES AN AMINO ACID TO BE USED IN THE PROTIN CODED FOR BY THE DNA
4 BASES
ADENINE, THYMINE, CYLTOSINE, GUANINE
REPLICATION
THE PROCESS BY WHICH ONE DNA MOLECULE FORMS TWO DNA MOLECULES
TRANSCRIPTION
THE PROCESS OF MAKING A MESSENGER RNA
PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
THE MANUFACTURING OF PROTEINS INSIDE A CELL
TRANSFER RNA
THE RNA MOLECULE THAT TRANSFERS AMINO ACIDS TO THE MESSENGER RNA