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19 Cards in this Set

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Cellular Respiration
is the process of producing ATP in the cell from oxygen and glucose: releases carbon dioxide and water.
What is Telophase?
cytoplasm separates (cytokenesis)

new nuclear membrane appears
What is Osmosis?
Osmosis is the diffusion of water across a cell membrane.
What is Metaphase?
Chromosomes line up
What is Passive Transport?
Passive Transport is the diffusion of particles through proteins in the cell membrane from areas where the concentration of particles is high to an area where it is low.
What is Anaphase?
Cromosomes split apart
What is diffusion?
Diffusion is the movement of particles from an area.
What is endocytosis?
Endocytosis is the process in which a cell membrane surrounds a particle and encloses it in a vesicle to bring it into the cell.
What is an active transport?
An active transport is the movement of particles through proteins in the cell membrane against the direction of diffusion which requires cells to use energy.
Mitosis
is a nuclear division in eukaryotic cells in which each cell receives a copy of the original chromosome.
Photosynthesis
is the process by which plant capture light energy form the sun and convert it into sugar.
What is exocytosis?
Exocytosis is the process used to remove large particles from a cell during exocytosis. A vesicle containing the particle fuses with the cell membrane.
Chromosome
is a coiled structure of DNA and protein that forms in the cells nucleus during cell divison.
Fermentation
is the breakdown of sugars to make ATP in the absence of oxygen.
What is a centromere?
A centromere is the region that holds chromatids together when a chromosome is duplicated.
Chromatids
are identical chromosome copies.
What is Phrophase?
chromosomes double/cluster

nuclear membrane disappears
Cytokinesis
is the process in which cytoplasm divides after mitosis.
What is binary fission?
Binary fission is the simple cell division in which one cell splits into two: used by bacteria.