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34 Cards in this Set

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_____ makes very strong and stable bonds
carbon compounds
Carbs have __ calories/grams
4
Having 4 electrons on the outer shell of carbon compounds makes it easy for it to _____.
bond
Proteins are .......
necessary for all living organisms
_____ contain 4 electrons on the outer shell.
carbon compounds
_____ is made in fruits.
fructose
When monomers link together to form polymers, water is squeezed out. What process was used?
dehydration synthesis
frutose+glucose=
sucrose
What 4 compounds make up the total body weight of a human?
carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen
______ are simple sugars
monosaccharides
what is the term used for repeated linked units of atoms.
polymer
___ is made in milk
galactose
___% of total body weight is comprised of compounds made of four elements.
96.3%
____ are glucose molecules linked in a long striaght chain.
cellulose
_____ generally derived from living things and contain carbon.
organic compounds
protein have ____ calories/grams.
4
____ is the double sugars composed of 2 monosaccharides through the process of dehydration synthesis.
disaccharides.
____ is an organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms.
carbohydrates
____ is made in plants.
glucose
what are the 6 major nutrients?
carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water
Proteins have help from ____ and ____.
muscle and skin
When polymers split into smaller monomers, what must be present?
water
____ gives strength and rigidity to plants
cellulose
Each unit of a _____ is called a _____.
polymer, monomer
long chains of glucose are called _____
glycogen
proteins are composed of what elements?
hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and nitrogen
Carbs are __% of our daily intake.
56%
galactose+glucose=
lactose
_____ are the major energy source for humans.
Carbs
____ is composed of 3 or more monosaccharides
polysaccharides
Proteins should be ___ - ____% of daily diet.
12-14 %
____ are stored in animals
glycogen
Carbohydrates have what ratio?
1:2:1
Proteins are formed from _______.
amino acids