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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
this autonomic system is further divided into one part which...
keeps you alert for danger and sends out adrenaline
expalin the two divisions of the circulatory system
The systemic system carries blood through the body.
The pulminary system carries blood to and from the lungs.
single or simple sugars are building blocks called ___.
the 2 subdiviosions of a motor neuron are ....
autonamic and cymatic
a reflex is a(n)...
automatic response that ususlly does not go to the brain only to the spinal cord.
what apart of a neuron receives information?
air is warmed as
it passes over warm, moist mucous membranes
____ of the air we breath is oxygen
structure of the endocrine system-
what is the purpose of the digestive system?
to break down food into molecules the body can use.
where are motor neurons located?
toward the front of the body
sensory neurons carry ______ toward CNS, and motor neurons carry away from CNS _________.
impulses, responses
gray matter is made up of ....
an axon is covered by a protective layer called _____.
air is filtered by
small hairs that which trap dust and bacteria.
inspiration and expiration are also called
inhilation and exhilation
the windpipe is also called the ____. at the top of it there is a flap of cartilage called...
trachea, epiglattis
2 parts of the brain
pons and medulla
each half of the brain is called a _________.
the brain is protected by...
cerebral spinal fluid,skull, and fatty tissue.
the coordinating of muscles is controlled by ....
the pleural membrane is locted in the
how does the voicebox produce sound?
when air passes through it, it vibtrates
the thinking section of the brain is controlled by the ....
the digestive system begins in the ___, and includes....
mouth---- intestinal tract, liver, pancreas, etc.
what are disacarites?
double sugars that are made up of 2 linked sugar units
the ____ is another name for the voicebox
proteins are ...
made of amino acids which are called building blocks for life.
the ____ is another name for the throat.
autonomic has 2 subdivisions...
fear and relax
the walls of the atria are __
and the walls of the ventricle are __.
thin, thick
smallest branch is called ...
polysaccharides are _____ ____ of units.
long chains
a. visual images are collected by _____.
b. sound stimuli are collected by _____.
c. touch stimuli are collected by _____.
d. odors and smells convey stimuli colected by the ____.
e. taste and texture stimuli are collected by the ____.
a. eyes
b. ears
c. skin
d. nose and mouth
e. tongue
a neuron is...
the basic unit of the nervous system.
______ are tiny little grape like clusters.
Some information is regulated by chemical messengers called ____.
white matter is covered in...
what is the purpose of the endocrine system?
to collect waste from cells and to remove it from the body.
incisors-cut food into bite-sized peices
canine-tear food
mollars-grind food
end plates are...
the area at the end of a neuron, only some neurons have them (the ones that activate muscle).
when you respond from your surroundings it is called a _____.
Interneurons are...
short nerons which connect one neuron to another. they are mostly in the spinal cord
chemical-enzymes and acids act on the food.
absorption-uptake of molecules into the bloodstream.
what do the veins do?
carry blood back to the heart.
what is the job of the atrium?
to collect blood returning from the body or lungs
what does the small intestine do?
breaks down food, 21 ft long
large intestine-
also known as the colon, solid matter is excreted
help break down starch
the circulatory system includes these structures...
heart, arteries, and the veins.
what do the arteries do?
carry blood away from the heart.
what does the liver do?
secretes bile which breaks down fat, stores sugars,and breaks down toxic substances.
what is the largest part of the brain?
what does the heart do?
pumps blood
secretes pancreatic fluid which contains more enzymes.
a ____ is the male sex cell.
the lower chamber is the ___.
breathing passages are protected from disease by...
cilia and mucus in the trachea remove most of the problems
what is the job of the ventricle?
to pump the blood
the motor system has how many subdivisions?
oviducts are...
channels which lead to the uterus
what is the job of the circulatory system
to distribute oxygen, water, salt, hormones, enzymes, and antibodies to all the cells in the body.
skin is an important part of the immune system,it...
destroys pathogens with enzymes from oil and sweat. the skin has 5 layers that acts as a barrier.
S-L valves stand for...
the filtering unit of the end. syst. is called a -
the outer rim of the kidneys is called-
the cortex
large tube connected to kidney is the -
stages of growth-
what are the two divisions of the nervous system?
central and peripharal
the heart is divided by a wall called the ...
each side of the heart is divided into two cahmbers the upper chamber is the _____.
an ___ is the female sex cell
in the mouth and stomach, ____ and _____ destroy unwanted bacteria.
acid and saliva
the pericardium is ...
a thin memebrane surrounding the heart.
what is the purpose of the respiratory system?
all the cells in the body need oxygen. all of the structures in this system work together to supply that oxygen.
what does the central area of the nervous system contain?
spinal cord and brain
homeostasis is...
maintaining a balance of water, salt, and fluids in the body.
what is a small gap between a nerve?
A-V valves stand for...
what are the three kinds of neurons?
sensory,interneuron, and motor