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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the heaviest natural element?
Uranium (atomic number 92) is the heaviest natural element.
What mission marked the end of the U.S. Moon-landing program?
The Apollo 17 mission in 1972 was the last trip to the moon by a U.S. vessel.
Who first discovered that light travels at a finite but very high speed?
Danish astronomer Ole Christensen Roemer discovered this fact in 1676 by observing that the moons of Jupiter did not eclipse at regular intervals as one would expect if light had an infinite speed.
What body part is affected by otitis externa?
Also known as swimmer's ear, otitis externa is the inflammation, irritation or infection of the outer ear and ear canal.
What is the current geologic era?
The Cenozoic Era stretches from 65 million years ago to present day
What are the most common chemical compounds that contribute to acid rain?
Sulfur dioxide
nitrogen oxides
A water-soluble compoundthat is the major nitrogenous end product of protein metabolism and is the chief nitrogenous component of the urine in mammals and other organisms.
Also called carbamide.
How many opioids are there for pain relief?
There are 38 body-produced, naturally occurring or synthetic opioids that have some effect in blocking pain signals.
largest known meteorite
Hoba, is estimated to weigh about 60 tons and is located outside Grootfontein, Namibia
What caused the deadly five-day fog in London during 1952 that killed more than 4,000 people
A temperature inversion caused the deadly weather by trapping coal smoke and fog over the city
What was the name of the chimp sent into space in January 1961?
Ham blasted off from Cape Canaveral into space on January 31, 1961. After traveling 680 kilometers in a Mercury capsule, he splashed down safely in the Atlantic Ocean.
How old was the youngest Nobel Prize winner in history?
William Lawrence Bragg was 25 years old when he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1915.
In what year was the prime meridian established?
An international meeting in Washington, D.C. in 1884 set the prime meridian through Greenwich, England.
What was the first vitamin to be discovered?
Casimir Funk discovered vitamin B1, or thiamine, in 1911.
What planet is also known as the morning or evening star?
Venus, the second planet from the sun, is sometimes referred to as the morning or evening star.
How does the Cassini spacecraft generate electricity as it orbits Saturn?
Cassini converts the radioactive heat from an onboard supply of plutonium dioxide into electricity.
How long does it take for light to travel across the Milky Way?
Light travels across our galaxy in 75,000 years.
What is the deepest lake in the world?
Lake Baikal, located in southeast Siberia, is 5,314 feet deep.
the glass beads created when a meteorite smashes into the earth's surface.
Which planet did the U.S. space probe Mariner 4 fly by?
Mariner 4 flew by Mars and sent back the first photographs of the planet in July 1965.
How long does the Earth take to rotate once on its axis?
On average, the Earth takes 23 hours and 56 minutes (not 24 hours) to rotate once on its axis.
What is the most abundant protein in the human body?
The protein collagen, which forms the fibers that constitute the body's connective tissues, accounts for about 30 percent of the body’s proteins
What is the strongest creature on earth?
The Rhinoceros beetle can carry 850 times its own weight
a person who studies lakes
How hot is the earth at its core?
8,500 degrees Fahrenheit
Who first suggested that it was the earth that orbited the sun?
Greek astronomer Aristarchus of Samos was one of the first to suggest the earth moved about the sun around 310 to 230 B.C. Although Aristarchus found few followers, Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus revived his theories in 1542.
What is the speed of light?
six trillion miles per year or 186,000 miles per second.
What causes celiac disease?
Celiac disease is caused by a severe allergy to gluten, which is found in wheat and other grains. The gluten triggers an immune response that attacks the lining of the intestines and symptoms can include diarrhea, gas, cramping, weight loss, joint pain, fatigue and skin rashes.
Who proved Fermat's Last Theorem?
Andrew Wiles of Princeton University announced a proof to Fermat's Last Theorem in 1994
At what temperature will diamond melt?
3,800 Kelvin or 3,527 degrees Celsius.
What did Hans Hass invent during the 1940s?
Hans Hass invented underwater photography
sonic boom
When an airplane travels at a speed faster than sound, density waves of sound emitted by the plane accumulate in a cone behind the plane. When this shock wave passes, a listener hears a sonic boom. Large meteors and the Space Shuttle frequently produce audible sonic booms before they are slowed to below the speed of sound by the Earth's atmosphere.
tiny little plants that drift with the currents throughout the ocean.
a teaspoon of sea water can contain as many as a million one-celled phytoplankton
1 nautical mile
1 minute of latitude
1.1508 miles
6,076 feet
To convert nautical miles into kilometers multiply the nautical miles by 1.8520.
Stratofortress, is an air launch carrier aircraft, as well as a research aircraft platform that has been used on research projects.
built in the 1950s and is NASA's oldest aircraft.
The B-52B
The NASA Dryden Flight Research Center is located in
Edwards, California
the study of forces and the resulting motion of objects through the air
"Aerodynamics" comes from two Greek words: aerios (concerning the air) and dynamis (powerful).
first African-American woman in space
Dr. Mae Jemison
The third human to walk on the surface of the Moon
Charles P. "Pete" Conrad -- during the Apollo 12 Mission
the first piloted Apollo mission, took place October 11-12, 1968, with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, and Walter Cunningham
Apollo 7
a mineral that was discovered at Tranquility Base by the Apollo 11 crew. It was named for ARMstrong, ALdrin and COLlins, the three Apollo 11 astronauts
the first Space Shuttle that traveled to Earth orbit.
the first African-American woman aviator
Bessie Coleman, known as "Queen Bess, Daredevil Aviator,"
the first female commander of the space shuttle. She and her crew launched aboard Space Shuttle Columbia on the STS-93 mission in July 1999.
Eileen M. Collins
On Feb. 20, 1962
first American to orbit the Earth. He made three Earth revolutions in his capsule named "Friendship 7."
John Glenn
What was the first manned spacecraft to orbit the moon?
On December 24, 1968, Apollo 8
When was the dial telephone invented?
American inventor Almon Strowger invented the dial telephone in 1905