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24 Cards in this Set

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Premack principal
Do A (undesireable) to get B (desireable).

Do homework to get TV time.
Reinforcement Schedules
Fixed Ratio (FR)
Variable Ratio (VR)
Variable Intervals (VI)
Fixed Intervals (FI)

VI shows most resistance to change
Reinforcement
Negative - a particular behavior is strengthened by the consequence of the stopping or avoiding of a negative condition.

Positive - a particular behavior is strengthened by the consequence of the stopping or avoiding of a negative condition.
Punishment
Positive - Decrease in target behavior due to an undesireable action.

Negative- Decrease in target behavior due to lack of undesireable action
Functional Behavioral Assessments (FBAs)
ABCs-

Antecedent of the Behavior
Behavior
Consequence that maintains the behavior
Self-Dialouge/Self-Talk
Cognitive approach
Response cost
Behavior Modification

Remove earned reward, reduce negative behaviors

Over correction is key in restorative justice
Social skills training
Instruction, rehearsing, provide feedback/reinforcement, and reduceing negative behaviors.

model, role playing
Reality Therapy
William Glasser

Centers on choice and how its "working" for the client.

Wants client to take charge.

See: "Dr. Phil"
Rational-Emotive Therapy
Albert Ellis

Confrontational techniques regarding irrational behavior
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Issue lies in belief system

Faulty assumptions and misconceptions must be addressed with talk and then modified through role-playing or other interactive interventions.
Systems Therapy
NASP ENDORSED

AKA Ecological Model

The individual is part of a larger whole. Must treat the individual, family, other systems to create change.
Psychoanalytic
Freudian.

Oral (0-18 mo)
Anal (18 mo - 3 years)
Phallic (3-6yrs)
Latent (6-puberty)
Genital (puberty on)
Adlerian
Adler

Motivated by social interests and life goals.

Take clients perspective and alter it to yeild results.
Existential Counseling
Victor Frankl

Stresses importance of "choice" in tough situations
Person-centered counseling
Maslow, Adler, Rogers

current self v. ideal self
accomodation v. modification
Accomodation is a change of environment, modification is a change of the task.
SLIC
Significant limited intellectual capacity

Two standard deviations below the mean, (SS >70) and adapative scores below 70.
SIED
Significant identifiable emotional disability.
Speech and language disabilities
Below 9th percentile on speech/language assessments such as CELF or Peabody
Readiness
biological and physiological maturation
Purpose of special education
Increase student independence and responsibility
Phonemic Awareness
listeners are able to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes, the smallest units of sound that can differentiate meaning. Separating the spoken word "cat" into three distinct phonemes, /k/, /æ/, and /t/, requires phonemic awareness skill.
Consultee centered consultation
Focus on changing the consultee (teacher) to benefit the larger population (class)

NASP supported indirect service model