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16 Cards in this Set

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Schizophrenia
-General Definition-
Psyichotic disorder - Characterized by a combiniation of specific positive symptoms and negative symptoms
Positive Symptoms include:
Hallucinations, False belief w/o evidence, Impairment of speech reflecting a disruption in thought process, Inappropriate affect
Negative Symptoms include:
Flat/blunt affect, loss of willpower, Poverty of content of speech, Speech w/little meaningful information, Inability to experience pleasure
3 Phases of Schizophrenia include:
1) Prodromal Phase
2) Active Phase
3) Residual Phase
Prodoromal Phase
Decline in role functioning
Active Phase
Full-blown symptoms (delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior)
Residual Phase
Psychotic symptoms improve but impairment continues
Requirements of Dx of Schizophrenia
Continuous signs for a minimum of 6 monhts
Mood episodes during active phase were brief
Active phase must have lasted at least 1 month w/o treatment
Subtypes of Schizophrenia
1) Paranoid
2) Disorganized
3) Catatonic
4) Undifferentiated
5) Residual
Paranoid Schizophrenia
Prominent delusions - presecutory, grandiose, or auditory hallucinations
Disorganized Schizophrenia
Disorganized speech and behavior.
Flat or inappropriate behavior
Catatonic Schizophrenia
A minimum of 2 of the following:
1) Motor inability
2) Purposeless movement
3) Negativism (resist instructions)
4) Peculiar voluntary movements
5) Echolalia - repetition of words uttered by another or Echoprazia - mimicking movements of another person
Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
Has at least 2 of the following major characterisitics, but does not fit a subtype
Residual Schizophrenia
When the individual has had a minimum of 1 episode and continues to evidence impairment but in the absence of prominent psychotic symptoms
Schizophreniform Disorder
May or may not have experienced impairment in social/occupational functioning.
Had some symptoms of the disorder a minimum of 1 month but less than 6 months
Schizoaffective Disorder
Major depressive, Manic, or Mixed episode in combination w/ symptoms of Schizophrenia.
Mood symptoms must be prominent in illness