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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the purpose of the SB course?
for you to become experimentally oriented in all aspects of life
What is the goal of the course?
developing a means of evaluating evidence
What is the subject matter of science?
The knowledge that has been obtained as a result of the application of the scientific method.
What do some say is most important in science?
the method
What is the essence of sciene?
Its methodology.
The core of science is the [blank] method.
Experimental
If someone states something as a fact that you have previously learning about that leads you to question their evidence, we would say you have doubt because you have contradictory [blank]
evidence or data
Many used to believe that lunar cycles caused mental illness. The false conclusion about the moon and mental illness result from poor or insufficient [blank].
evidence
What are people gradually learning is necessary to guide their behavior?
necessity for research and evidence
What has also increased?
Propaganda value of stating that something is "scientific"
What must one learn to evaluate about behavior?
Evidence
Variable
-A changeable condition
-Something that can occur or not occur
-A situation that varies in value
Characteristics of person or things which can assume different values are called [blank].
variables
Three types of variables
1. Independent variable
2. Dependent variable
3. Variables to be held constant
Independent variable
variable that is manipulated directly by the experimenter
Dependent variable
variable that systematically changes value and depends upon the manipulations of the IV

outcome variable
Variable to be held constant
all other variables that could affect the dependent variable;

must be controlled to see the effects of the IV
The antecedent event that the experimenter manipulates directly is the [blank] variable.
Independent
The change that systematically depends upon the manipulation of the IV is called the [blank] variable.
Dependent
The factor that is under study and varied by the experimenter, is known as the [blank].
IV
The outcome variable is the ...
dependent variable.
What are 3 conditions necessary for the use of the experimental method?
1. Observable dependent and independent variables

2. Well-defined terms

3. Appropriate control over variables that might influence the outcome
The value of an experiment lies in the extent to which ...
the dependent variable changes in the predicted direction
What should one be careful of?
Not to start classifying events as independent or dependent variables.

What a variable is called depends on how it is used in an experiment.
If we subjected the statement "A rolling stone gathers no moss" to experimental tests, what would the IV be?
rolling
The ability to control and vary the conditions of observation makes the [blank] method possible.
experimental
A good student of experimental evidence would ...
change his position when data proved him/her wrong
What is the self-corrective feature built into the experimental method?
Replicability
The strength of the experimental method lies in the fact that ...
it tends to self-correct via replication
What can an experiment be conducted on and where can an experiment be conducted?
-on anything that can be objectively defined

-any place where control of variables and manipulation of variables is possible
What is said by many to be the sole reason for experimentation?
Testing an unproven statement (hypothesis)
What 4 things does Sidman list as reasons for experimentation?
1. to indulge the investigator's curiosity about nature

2. to try out a new method or technique

3. to establish the existence of a behavioral phenomenon

4. to explore the conditions under which a phenomenon occurs