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9 Cards in this Set

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Allen's Test
test to assess for collateral circulation to the hand by evaluating the patency of the radial and ulnar arteries
Metabolic Acidosis
total concentration of the buffer base is lower than normal, with a relative increase in the hydrogen ion concentration.
Metabolic Alkalosis
a deficit or loss of hydrogen ions or acids or an excess of base (bicarbonate) that results from the accumulation of base or from a loss of acid without a comparable loss of base in the body fluids.
Respiratory Acidosis
a total concentration of buffer base that is lower than normal, with a relative increase in hydrogen ion concentration; thus, a greater number of hydrogen ions are circulating in the blood than the buffer system can absorb.
Respiratory Alkalosis
a deficit of carbonic acid or decrease in hydrogen ion concentration that results from the accumulation of base or from a loss of acid w/o a comparable loss of base in the body fluids.
metabolic acidosis
this results from loss of buffer bases or retention of too many acids w/o sufficient basees, and occurs in conditions such as renal failure and diabetic ketoacidosis, from the production of lactic acid, and from the ingestion of toxins such as aspirin.
metabolic alkalosis
occurs in conditions resulting in hypovolemia, the loss of gastric fluids, excessive bicarbonate intake, the massive transfusion of whole blood and hyperaldosteronism
respiratory acidosis
caused by primary defects in the function of the lungs or by changes in the normal respiratory pattern as a result of secondary complications; can be caused by any condition that causes an obstruction of the airway or respiratory depression
respiratory alkalosis
occurs in conditions that cause overstimulation of the respiratory system