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1024 Cards in this Set

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burgeon
"grow rapidly, bloom, flourish 萌芽, 急速成长
Alexa nodded mutely while Helen couldn’t contain her burgeoningenthusiasm. “Oh, yes, let’s go!”. Antonyms: shrink ORIGIN Old French bourgeonner ‘put out buds’, from Latin burra ‘wool’. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?burgeo01.wav=burgeon bourgeois:中產階級的 http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?bourge01.wav=bourgeois
austere
stern and cold in appearance or manner 严峻的, 简朴的
All of the buildings were made of the same gray material, Alexa noticed. An absence of any kind of landscaping added to the austere tone of the compound.
rapport
Relationship, especially one of mutual trust or emotional affinity, 关系, 一致, 同意, 和谐
Alexa was always amazed to see the special rapport her mother had with the dolphins that she
studied. origin: from Old French raporter to bring back, from re- + aporter to bring, http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?rappor01.wav=rapport
persevere
to persist in a state, enterprise, or undertaking in spite of challenges v. intr. - 坚持不懈, 固执己见, 不屈不挠 Idioms: hang in there, keep going, keep it up.
Even when she faced imminent failure, Laurie persevered with her positive attitude. http://www.m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?persev04.wav=persevere
abhor
To regard with horror or loathing; detest
abscond
To leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution.
mollify
to soothe
guileless
frank, hoestly
animosty
hate
ambivalence
The coexistence of opposing attitudes or feelings, such as love and hate, toward a person, object, or idea.
aplomb
Self-confident assurance
aggrandizement
"cause something to seem or be greater; bigger that which makes richer or greater 增加, 夸大
We are tired of his aggrandizement of his own achievements.
impede
To retard or obstruct the progress of, 妨碍, 阻碍, 阻止
Idioms: get in the way of. Definition: obstruct, hinder
Antonyms: advance, aid, assist, facilitate, forward, help, support;
torpid
lacking in energy or vigor 麻痹的, 迟缓的 Definition: lazy, slow
Antonyms: active, energetic, lively, moving, quick
A few of the dolphins looked to be doing nothing at all—they appeared torpid as they floated motionless near the surface. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?torpid01.wav=torpid
charismatic
having, exhibiting, or based on charisma (a special magnetic charm or appeal) adj. - 神赐能力的, 领袖魅力的
She wanted to touch this charismatic dolphin, to know it and to talk to it. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?charis05.wav=charismatic
supple
Definition: bendable
Antonyms: hard, inflexible, rigid, stiff 易弯曲的, 柔软的
Speckle dove headfirst underwater and her sleek, supple body disappeared from view. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?supple01.wav=supple
potentate
one who has the power and position to rule over others; a monarch 有权的人, 统治者, 有势力的人
“This is Speckle,” Dr. Villeponce introduced the dolphin. “She’s
been with us for the longest amount of time—she’s our oldest dolphin
and quite a leader. She’s the potentate49 of the pool!” he chuckled. http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?potent02.wav=potentate
Precarious
characterized by a lack or security or stability that threatens with danger Definition: tricky, doubtful
Antonyms: certain, definite, firm, safe, secure, stable, strong, sure, undoubted 不稳定的, 危险的, 不安的
Ramble
to talk or write in a long-winded, wandering fashion
Definition: talk aimlessly, endlessly
Antonyms: be direct 闲逛, 漫谈, 聊天, 漫步, 随笔
Fortitude
strength of mind that enables a person to encounter danger or adversity with courage
Definition: strength of mind; guts
Antonyms: cowardice, helplessness, weakness
n. - 刚毅, 不屈不挠, 坚毅
Arduous
hard to accomplish or achieve
Definition: difficult, hard to endure
Antonyms: easy, facile, motivating
adj. - 艰巨的, 困难的, 费力的, 努力的
“Here’s some
background information for you on our sonar project. It would be great
if you could familiarize yourself with it before our staff meeting tomorrow
morning. We begin at 8 A.M. sharp.” Dr. Villeponce smiled warmly at Helen as he handed her the arduous62 assignment.
http://m-w.com/cgi-bin/audio.pl?arduou01.wav=arduous
Articulate
expressing oneself readily, clearly, or effectively
Forlorn
being in poor condition; miserable
Exasperated
irritated or annoyed
Redeeming
to release from blame or debt
Grievance
a cause of distress (as an unsatisfactory working condition) felt to afford reason for complaint
Abhor
to regard with extreme repugnance; loathe
Abridge
to shorten in duration or extent
Absolve
to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt
Accentuate
accent, emphasize
Accord
to bring into agreement
Acrimonious
caustic, biting, or rancorous, especially in feeling language or manner
Acumen
keenness and depth of perception, discernment, or discrimination, esp. in practical matters; shrewdness
Addendum
a thing added; an addition
Adept
thoroughly proficient; skillful
Adeptness
thoroughly proficient; expert
Adjudicate
to act as judge
Admonish
to express warning or disapproval especially in a gentle, earnest, or solicitous manner
Adorned
to enliven or decorate as if with ornaments
Adulation
to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly
Adversary
one who contends with, opposes, or resists; opponent, rival
Adverse
acting against or in a contrary direction; hostile
Adversity
a state or condition contrary to one of well-being
Advocate
one who pleads the cause of another; specifically one who pleads the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court
Aesthetics
a pleasing appearance or effect; beauty
Affable
being pleasant and at ease talking to others
Affectation
mannerisms, especially pretentious ones
Affirming
expressing dedication
Affront
to insult especially to the face by behavior or language
Agile
marked by a ready ability to move with a quick, easy grace
Alacrity
promptness in response; cheerful readiness
Alienate
to make unfriendly, hostile, or indifferent where attachment formerly existed
Alight
to descend from the air and come to rest
Allegiance
devotion or loyalty to a person, group, or cause
Alleviate
to make (as suffering) more bearable her sympathy alleviated his distress; ease, lessen,
Altercation
a noisy, heated, angry dispute; also a noisy controversy
Altruistic
behavior that is unselfish in its regard for or devotion to the welfare of others
Ambiguity
the quality or state of being ambiguous (doubtful or uncertain), especially in meaning
Ambivalent
simultaneous and contradictory feelings (as attraction and repulsion) toward an object, person, or action
Amiable
friendly, sociable, congenial
Amorphous
without shape or form
Anachronistic
a person or a thing that is chronologically out of place, especially one from a former age that is incongruously in the present
Analogous
showing an analogy or a likeness that permits one to draw an analogy
Anarchy
absence of government
Anecdote
a usually short narrative of an interesting, amusing, or biographical incident
Anemic
lackluster, insipid
Animated
full of movement and activity
Antagonistic
marked by or resulting from antagonism (actively expressed opposition or hostility)
Anticipating
to look forward to as certain; expect
Anticlimactic
of, relating to, or marked by anticlimax; an event (as at the end of a series) that is strikingly less important than what has preceded it
Antidote
something that relieves, prevents, or counteracts
Antiquated
old-fashioned, old or obsolete
Apathetic
having little or no interest or concern; indifferent
Aplomb
complete and confident composure or self-assurance
Appalling
inspiring horror, dismay, or disgust
Apparatus
an instrument or appliance designed for a specific operation
Arbitrarily
based on or determined by individual preference or convenience rather than by necessity or the intrinsic nature of something
Arbitrating
acting as an arbitrator (one who decides in the case of a dispute)
Archaic
characteristic of an earlier or more primitive time
Archetypal
classic example, model example
Ardently
characterized by warmth of feeling, typically expressed in eager zealous support or activity
Ardor
extreme vigor or energy intensity
Arduous
hard to accomplish or achieve
Arid
excessively dry
Arrest
to bring to a stop
Articulate
expressing oneself readily, clearly, or effectively
Ascetic
plain, stark, simple; austere in appearance, manner, or attitude (not to be confused with aesthetic, which means pleasing in appearance or effect; beauty)
Asserted
to declare forcefully
Assiduous
marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application
Assurance
something that inspires or tends to inspire confidence
Assuredly
without a doubt; certainly
Astute
having or showing shrewdness and perspicacity
Attribute
to explain by indicating a cause
Attune
to make aware or responsive
Audacious
intrepidly daring
Augment
to make greater, more numerous, larger, or more intense
Augurs
to foretell
Auspicious
affording a favorable auspice (a favorable sign)
Austere
stern and cold in appearance or manner
Authentic
worthy of acceptance or belief as conforming to or based on fact
Authoritatively
with authority, commandingly convincingly
Autonomous
existing or capable of existing independently
Aversion
a feeling of repugnance toward something with a desire to avoid or turn from it
Awestruck
filled with awe (emotion in which dread, veneration, and wonder are variously mingled)
Baffle
to defeat or check (as a person) by confusing or puzzling; disconcert
Bane
a source of harm or ruin; curse
Banish
to require by authority to leave
Barrage
a vigorous or rapid outpouring or projection of many things at once
Belie
to give a false impression of
Belligerent
inclined to or exhibiting assertiveness, hostility, or combativeness
Benefactor
one who confers a benefit, esp. one who makes a gift or bequest
Beneficiary
one who benefits from something
Benevolent
marked by or disposed to doing good
Benign
having no significant effect; harmless
Bequeathing
handing down, transmitting
Berate
to scold or condemn vehemently and at length
Bereft
deprived or robbed of possession of something
Beseech
to beg for urgently or anxiously
Bickering
to engage in a petulant or petty quarrel
Boisterous
noisily turbulent; rowdy
Bolster
to give a boost to
Botched
to foul up hopelessly; failed, spoiled
Boundless
having no boundaries; vast
Bourgeois
marked by a concern for material interests and respectability and a tendency toward mediocrity, usually used disparagingly
Braggart
a loud, arrogant boaster
Breach
infraction or violation of a law, obligation, tie, or standard
Brooding
to dwell gloomily on a subject, worrying
Buffoonery
foolish or playful behavior
Burgeoning
growing and expanding rapidly
Burrow
a hole or excavation in the ground made by an animal (such as a rabbit) for shelter and habitation
Buttress
something that supports or strengthens
Cacophony
harsh or discordant sound; dissonance
Cajole
to persuade with flattery or gentle urging, especially in the face of reluctance
Calamity
an extraordinarily grave event marked by great loss and lasting distress
Callous
feeling no sympathy for others
Camaraderie
a spirit of friendly good fellowship
Canonical
conforming to a general rule or acceptable procedure; orthodox
Cantankerous
difficult or irritating to deal with
Capacious
containing or capable of containing a great deal
Captivate
to influence and dominate by some special charm, art, or trait and with an irresistible appeal
Carnivores
any of an order (Carnivora) of typically flesh-eating mammals that includes dogs, foxes, bears, raccoons, and cats
Cartographer
one who makes maps
Castigation
to subject to severe punishment, reproof, or criticism
Cataclysmic
a momentous and violent event marked by overwhelming upheaval and demolition
Cathartic
characterized by a purification or purgation of the emotions that brings about spiritual renewal or release from tension
Cavorting
prancing
Censured
to find fault with and criticize as blameworthy (note that the word censure is similar in appearance to the word censor (footnote 733), but different in meaning)
Cerebral
of or relating to the brain or the intellect
Certitude
the state of being or feeling certain
Chagrin
disquietude or distress of mind caused by humiliation, disappointment, or failure
Charismatic
having, exhibiting, or based on charisma (a special magnetic charm or appeal)
Charitable
of or relating to charity (generosity and helpfulness especially toward the needy)
Chasm
a marked division, separation, or difference
Cherished
to hold dear; feel or show affection for
Chide
reproach in a usually mild and constructive manner; scold
Circuitous
having a circular or winding course; roundabout, indirect
Circuitry
the components of an electric circuit
Circumlocutions
the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea
Circumscribe
to surround by or as if by a boundary
Clairvoyant
the ability to perceive matters beyond the range of ordinary perception
Clandestine
marked by held in, or conducted with secrecy
Clientele
customers, patrons
Cloying
excessively sweet or sentimental
Coalesce
to arise from the combination of distinct elements; to unite into a whole
Coerce
to compel to an act or choice
Cognizant
knowledgeable about something, especially through personal experience; mindful
Coherently
logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated
Cohort
companion, colleague
Collaborator
co-worker, colleague; a person working jointly with others, especially in an intellectual endeavor
Colloquial
characteristic of familiar and informal conversation
Collude
conspire, plot
Colossal
of a bulk, extent, power, or effect approaching the stupendous or incredible
Combativeness
marked by eagerness to fight or contend
Commodities
an economic good as in an article of commerce (something bought or sold), especially when delivered for shipment
Comparatively
considered as if in comparison to something else; relatively
Compassionately
having or showing compassion (sympathetic consciousness of others?distress, together with a desire to alleviate it)
Compatriot
fellow countryman
Compelling
demanding attention
Complacency
self-satisfaction accompanied by unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies
Complying
to conform or adapt one抯 actions to another抯 wishes, to a rule, or to a necessity
Compromise
to adjust or settle by mutual concessions (see also footnote 802 for a different usage)
Compulsive
obsessive, habitual, or irrational behavior
Comrade
an intimate friend or associate; companion
Conception
the originating of something in the mind; idea
Conciliatory
to make compatible; reconcile
Concocted
to prepare by combining raw materials; devise
Concur
to express agreement
Condemn
to declare to be bad, wrong, or evil
Condescending
to assume an air of superiority
Condone
to pardon or overlook voluntarily; especially to treat as if trivial, harmless, or of no importance
Confiscate
to seize by or as if by authority
Conflagration
fire, especially a large disastrous fire
Confounding
baffling, frustrating
Confrontation
the clashing of forces or ideas; conflict
Congeal
to change from a fluid state to a solid state by or as if by cold
Conjecture
a conclusion deduced by surmise or guesswork
Conjure
to bring to mind
Consciousness
the quality or state of being aware especially of something within oneself
Consecrate
to make inviolable or venerable (can also mean to declare sacred)
Consensus
general agreement; unanimity
Consign
commit, especially to a final destination or fate
Constructive
promoting improvement or development
Consummate
extremely skilled and accomplished
Contemporaries
one of the same age or nearly the same age as another
Contemporary
marked by characteristics of the present period; modern
Contemptuously
with contempt, disdain
Contentious
likely to cause contention (rivalry, competition)
Contiguous
touching or connected throughout in an unbroken sequence
Contrary
a fact or condition incompatible with another; opposite
Contrite
grieving and penitent for sin or shortcoming
Conundrum
an intricate and difficult problem
Conventional
according with, sanctioned by, or based on convention (a principle or procedure accepted as true or correct); ordinary, conformist, predictable
Conviction
a strong persuasion or belief
Cordial
warmly and genially affable
Correlation
a relation existing between phenomena or things or between mathematical or statistical variables which tend to vary, be associated, or occur together in a way not expected on the basis of chance alone
Corroboration
to support with evidence or authority
Corrosive
having the power to break down or eat away at something (can also mean very sarcastic)
Corrupt
to change from good to bad in morals, manners, or actions
Cosmopolitan
having wide international sophistication
Couched
to lay (oneself) down for rest or sleep
Counteract
to make ineffective or restrain or neutralize the usually ill effects of by an opposite force
Covenant
a usually formal, solemn, and binding agreement
Covet
to wish for enviously
Craftiness
skillfulness, cleverness
Crass
having or indicating such grossness of mind as precludes delicacy and discrimination
Cryptic
having or seeming to have a hidden or ambiguous meaning
Crystallize
to cause to take a definite form
Culminate
to reach the highest or a climactic or decisive point
Culpable
guilty; meriting condemnation or blame, especially as wrong or harmful
Cultivating
fostering, furthering, encouraging
Cumulative
made up of accumulated parts
Cunning
displaying keen insight
Curtail
to make less by or as if by cutting off or away some part; shorten
Cynically
having a sneering disbelief in sincerity or integrity
Cynicism
having or showing the attitude or temper of a cynic (a faultfinding captious critic)
Daunting
something that daunts (lessens one抯 courage)
Debacle
a great disaster; fiasco
Debatable
arguable, worthy of debate or consideration
Debilitating
impairing the strength of
Debunk
to expose the sham or falseness of
Decadent
self-indulgent
Deceitful
having a tendency or disposition to deceive; not honest
Decorous
marked by propriety and good taste
Decry
to express strong disapproval of; condemn
Deduction
a conclusion reached by logic or reasoning
Default
a selection automatically used by a computer program in the absence of a choice made by the user; a course taken without an active choice
Defer
postpone, put off
Deference
in consideration of
Defiantly
full of defiance (disposition to resist, willingness to contend or fight)
Deflect
to turn from a straight course or fixed direction; bend
Deftly
characterized by facility and skill
Degradation
the act or process of degrading (to impair in respect to some physical property)
Deliberate
characterized by or resulting from careful and thorough consideration
Delineated
to mark the outline of; demarcated
Demean
to lower in character, status, or reputation
Demeanor
behavior toward others, outward manner; conduct
D閚ouement
finale, conclusion
Denounced
to pronounce, especially publicly, to be bad, blameworthy, or evil
Deplorable
deserving censure or contempt
Deprived
marked by deprivation, especially a lack of the necessities of life or of healthful environmental influences
Derelict
abandoned, esp. by the owner or occupant; run-down
Derision
the use of ridicule or scorn to show contempt
Derisively
expressing ridicule, scorn, or contempt
Derogatory
expressive of a low opinion, disparaging
Desecrate
to treat disrespectfully irreverently, or outrageously
Desolate
deserted, isolated
Despoiling
to strip of belongings and value; pillage
Destitute
lacking possessions and resources; especially suffering extreme poverty
Detached
exhibiting an aloof objectivity; disconnected, removed
Detract
to diminish the importance, value, or effectiveness of something
Detritus
loose material (such as rock fragments or organic particles) that results directly from disintegration
Devalued
to lessen the value of
Deviate
to depart from an established course or norm; stray
Deviousness
not straightforward; deceptive
Diffidently
hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence
Digress
to turn aside especially from the main subject of attention or course of argument
Dimension
one of the elements or factors making up a complete personality or entity
Diminished
reduced in scope or size
Dingy
dirty, discolored
Dire
warning of disaster
Disavow
deny responsibility for
Discern
to recognize or identify as separate and distinct; discriminate
Discomfited
to put in a state of perplexity and embarrassment
Disconcert
to throw into confusion
Discourse
talk, converse
Discourteous
lacking courtesy rude, impolite
Discredit
to refuse to accept as true or accurate
Discretion
the quality of being discreet, especially cautious reserve in speech
Discretionary
left to discretion, exercised at one抯 own discretion (the quality of being discreet; cautious reserve in speech)
Disdainful
full of a feeling of contempt for what is beneath one; scornful
Disgruntled
discontent, unhappy
Disillusionment
to leave without illusion or naive faith and trust
Disingenuous
lacking in candor; calculating
Disparaging
to speak slightingly about; decry
Disparate
containing or made up of fundamentally different and often incongruous elements
Disparity
containing or made up of fundamentally different and often incongruous elements
Dispel
to drive away by or as if by scattering; dissipate
Disputant
one who is engaged in a dispute
Dissembler
one who puts on a false appearance; conceals facts, intentions or feelings under some pretense
Disseminate
to disperse throughout
Dissent
to differ in opinion
Dissident
disagreeing with an opinion or group
Dissipated
to cause to spread thin or scatter and gradually vanish (one抯 sympathy is eventually dissipated)
Diversion
the act or an instance of diverting from a course, activity, or use; deviation
Divine
supremely good
Divisive
creating disunity or dissension
Divulge
reveal, tell
Doctrinaire
one who attempts to put into effect an abstract doctrine or theory with little or no regard for practical difficulties
Domestic
devoted to home duties and pleasures
Drub
to abuse with words; berate
Dubious
giving rise to uncertainty
Earmark
to designate (as funds) for a specific use or owner
Eccentric
deviating from conventional or accepted usage or conduct, especially in odd or whimsical ways
Eclectic
composed of elements drawn from different sources
Ecstatic
of, relating to, or marked by ecstasy (a state of overwhelming emotion, especially rapturous delight)
Editorial
a newspaper or magazine article that gives the opinions of the editors or publishers; also an expression of opinion that resembles such an article (a television editorial)
Efface
to eliminate or make indistinct by or as if by wearing away a surface
Efficaciously
effective; having the power to achieve the desired effect
Egalitarian
one who believes in human equality, especially with respect to social, economic, and political rights
Egregious
conspicuously bad; flagrant
Elaborate
give details, expand upon a subject
Elation
marked by high spirits; exultant
Elitist
consciousness of being or belonging to an elite (a socially superior group)
Elocutionist
one who is effective in the art of public speaking
Eloquent
vividly or movingly expressive or revealing
Elude
to escape the perception, understanding, or grasp of
Elusive
tending to elude, as in tending to evade grasp or pursuit
Emanate
to come out from a source
Emancipation
to free from restraint, control, or the power of another
Embellish
to heighten the attractiveness of by adding ornamental details
Embittered
having bitter feelings
Embody
to represent in human or animal form; personify
Embroil
to involve in conflict or difficulties
Emend
to correct
Emergent
newly formed or prominent
Emigrate
to leave one抯 place of residence or country to live elsewhere
Eminently
to a high degree; very
Emissary
one designated as the agent of another
Empathetic
being understanding of, aware of, and sensitive to the feelings, thoughts, and experiences of another
Empathy
the action of understanding, being aware of, being sensitive to, and vicariously experiencing the feelings, thoughts, and experience of another of either the past or present without having the feelings, thoughts, and experience fully communicated in an objectively explicit manner
Emphatically
with emphasis, forcefully
Empowering
yielding power or authority
Emulate
try to be like, imitate
Enable
to provide with the means or opportunity
Encampment
the state of being encamped (to place or establish in a camp)
Encapsulated
epitomized
Enclosure
something that encloses (to close in)
Encompasses
to form a circle about, enclose
Encroaching
to enter by gradual steps or by stealth into the possessions or rights of another
Encumbered
weighed down, burdened
Endear
to cause to become beloved or admired
Endeavor
to attempt (as the fulfillment of an obligation) by exertion of effort
Endorsement
backing, sanction, approval
Enduring
lasting
Enervated
lacking physical, mental, or moral vigor; to lessen the vitality or strength of
Engender
to cause to exist or develop
Enigmatic
something hard to understand or explain; mysterious
Enlighten
to furnish knowledge to
Enmity
positive, active, and typically mutual hatred or ill will
Ensemble
a complete costume of harmonizing or complementary clothing and accessories
Ensue
to take place afterward or as a result
Entangled
to involve in a perplexing or troublesome situation
Entitlement
the state or condition of being entitled; right
Entreated
to plead with, esp. in order to persuade
Enumerated
counted, tallied
Enveloped
to enclose or enfold completely with or as if with a covering
Envision
to picture to oneself
Ephemeral
lasting a very short time
Epistolary
contained in or carried on by letters
Equitable
fair
Eradicate
to do away with as if by pulling up from the roots
Erratic
characterized by lack of consistency, regularity, or uniformity; deviating from what is ordinary or standard
Espouse
to take up and support as a cause; become attached to
Esteem
to regard highly
Eternal
having infinite duration; everlasting
Ethical
involving or expressing moral approval or disapproval
Ethnicity
ethnic quality or affiliation
Ethos
the distinguishing character, sentiment, moral nature, or guiding beliefs of a person group or institution
Euphoric
a feeling of well-being or elation
Evade
avoid, dodge
Evanescent
tending to vanish like vapor
Evoke
to call forth or up; conjure
Exacerbate
to make more violent, bitter, or severe
Exalted
to raise in status (can also mean to praise, glorify, or honor)
Exasperated
irritated or annoyed
Exclusive
restricted in distribution, use, or appeal because of expense
Exculpate
to clear from alleged fault or guilt
Execution
the act or process of executing (to carry out fully put completely into effect)
Exemplary
deserving imitation because of excellence; commendable
Exemplify
to show or illustrate by example
Exorbitantly
excessively; exceedingly
Explicitly
clearly, unambiguously
Exploit
a deed or an act
Expropriated
the action of the state in taking or modifying the property rights of an individual in the exercise of its sovereignty
Extant
currently or actually existing
Extenuating
to mitigate; to lessen or try to lessen the serious or extent of by making partial excuses
Extolled
praised highly glorified
Extricate
get out, remove oneself
Exultant
filled with or expressing great joy or triumph; jubilant
Facile
easily accomplished or attained
Facilitate
to make easier, help bring about
Faction
a party or group (as within a government) that is often contentious or self-seeking
Factual
restricted to or based on fact
Fallacious
untrue; tending to deceive or mislead
Fantasize
to indulge in fantasy or reverie; daydream
Fathom
comprehend
Feigned
fictitious, faked; artificial
Felicitous
very well suited or expressed; apt
Feral
not domesticated or cultivated; wild
Ferocity
the quality or state of being ferocious (exhibiting or given to extreme fierceness and unrestrained violence and brutality)
Fervently
exhibited or marked by great intensity of feeling; zealously
Fickle
marked by lack of steadfastness, constancy, or stability given to erratic changeableness
Flabbergast
to overwhelm with shock, surprise, or wonder
Flagrant
conspicuously offensive
Flippancy
unbecoming levity or pertness, especially in respect to grave or sacred matters
Florid
tinged with red
Flourish
grand gesture, display (also has another meaning, to thrive)
Flout
to treat with contemptuous disregard
Fodder
inferior or readily available material used to supply a heavy demand
Foil
to prevent from attaining an end; thwart
Foliage
the leaves of one or more plants
Folly
lack of good sense or normal prudence and foresight; foolishness
Foraged
searched; rummaged
Foray
a brief excursion or attempt especially outside one抯 accustomed sphere
Foreboding
to have an inward conviction of (as coming ill or misfortune)
Forlorn
being in poor condition; miserable
Formidable
causing fear, dread, or apprehension
Formulate
to reduce to or express in a formula
Fortitude
strength of mind that enables a person to encounter danger or adversity with courage
Foster
to promote the growth or development of
Franchise
the license granted to an individual or group to market a company抯 goods or services in a particular territory
Friction
the clashing between two persons or parties of opposed views
Fritter
to spend or waste bit by bit on trifles, or without commensurate return
Frivolity
playful merriment that lacks substance or purpose
Frolicsome
full of gaiety playful
Frugal
characterized by economy in the expenditure of resources
Futile
serving no useful purpose; completely ineffective
Gaffe
a social or diplomatic blunder
Garish
offensively or distressingly bright; glaring
Gauge
estimate, judge
Generalizations
to make vague or indefinite statements
Genial
marked by sympathy or friendliness; kindly
Gibbering
to speak rapidly, inarticulately and often foolishly
Gingerly
very cautiously or carefully
Glacial
devoid of warmth and cordiality
Glutton
one given habitually to greedy and voracious eating and drinking
Goading
to incite or rouse as if with a goad; provoking, prodding
Gourmand
one who is heartily interested in good food and drink
Gracious
marked by kindness and courtesy
Grandiose
impressive because of uncommon largeness, scope, effect, or grandeur
Gratuity
something given voluntarily or beyond obligation usually for some service, esp. a tip
Gw
Gregarious
marked by or indicating a liking for companionship; sociable
Grievance
a cause of distress (as an unsatisfactory working condition) felt to afford reason for complaint
Habitable
capable of being lived in; suitable for habitation
Hackneyed
lacking in freshness or originality; trite
Harangue
a ranting speech or writing
Harbor
to hold a thought or feeling of
Harmonious
having the parts agreeably related; congruous
Haughty
blatantly and disdainfully proud; snooty conceited
Heart-rending
heartbreaking
Heightened
to increase the amount or degree of
Heinous
hatefully or shockingly evil
Heralded
to greet, especially with enthusiasm; to hail, publicize, or signal
Heretofore
up to this time; hitherto
Hierarchy
the classification of a group of people according to ability or to economic, social, or professional standing; pecking order, chain of command
Hindrance
the state of being hindered (to make slow or difficult the progress of)
Homogenize
to blend (diverse elements) into a uniform mixture
Hospitable
promising or suggesting generous and cordial welcome
Hostility
deep-seated, usually mutual, ill will
Hypocrite
a person who puts on a false appearance of virtue or religion
Hypothesis
a tentative assumption made in order to draw out and test its logical or empirical consequences; theory
Idealism
the practice of forming ideals or living under their influence
Idealist
one guided by ideals, especially one who places ideals before practical considerations
Idealistic
characteristic of idealism (the practice of forming ideals or living under their influence)
Idolatry
immoderate attachment or devotion to something
Ignite
to heat up; excite
Illicit
not permitted; against the rules or law
Illimitable
incapable of being limited or bounded
Illogical
not observing the principles of logic; not reasonable or sound
Immerse
to plunge into something that surrounds or covers; especially to plunge or dip into a fluid
Imminent
ready to take place; looming, about to happen
Immobilized
incapable of moving
Immutable
not capable of or susceptible to change
Impassion
to arouse the feelings or passions of
Impassive
giving no sign of feeling or expression
Impenitent
not penitent (feeling or expressing humble or regretful pain or sorrow for sins or offenses)
Imperceptible
not perceptible by a sense or by the mind, extremely slight, gradual, or subtle
Impermanent
not permanent; transient
Impetuous
marked by impulsive vehemence or passion
Impetus
a driving force; impulse
Impious
not pious; lacking in reverence or proper respect (as for God or one抯 parents)
Implausible
not plausible; provoking disbelief
Implementation
to carry out; to give practical effect to and ensure of actual fulfillment by concrete measures
Implication
the act of implying, the state of being implied (indicate by inference, association, or necessary consequence rather than by direct statement)
Imposing
impressive in size, bearing, dignity, or grandeur
Impressionable
capable of being easily impressed
Imprint
to fix indelibly or permanently
Impropriety
an improper or indecorous act or remark; especially an unacceptable use of a word or of language
Impugn
to assail by words or arguments; oppose or attack as false or lacking integrity
Impulsively
spontaneously on a whim
Imputed
to lay the responsibility or blame for, often falsely or unjustly charge, attribute
Inanimate
not endowed with life or spirit
Inarticulate
incapable of speech, esp. under stress of emotion
Inauspicious
not auspicious or favorable; ominous
Incalculably
not capable of being calculated as in not predictable
Incantation
a use of spells or verbal charms spoken or sung as part of a ritual of magic
Incarceration
to put in prison
Inception
an act, process, or instance of beginning
Incessantly
non-stop, never ending
Incisively
impressively direct and decisive (as in manner of presentation)
Incline
to lean, tend, or become drawn toward an opinion or course of conduct
Incongruous
lacking congruity not harmonious, incompatible
Inconsequential
of no significance or importance
Incumbent
obligatory, imposed as a duty (is also commonly used to refer to a politician who is currently in office)
Indecorous
not decorous; conflicting with accepted standards of good conduct or good taste
Indefatigable
incapable of being fatigued; untiring
Indefensible
incapable of being justified or excused; inexcusable
Indeterminate
not definitely or precisely determined; vague
Indifferent
apathetic, unconcerned
Indignant
filled with or marked by indignation (anger aroused by something unjust, unworthy or mean)
Indiscernible
incapable of being discerned; not recognizable as distinct
Indiscretion
something (an act or a remark) marked by a lack of discretion
Indiscriminately
not marked by careful distinction; deficient in discrimination and discernment; haphazard; random
Indomitable
incapable of being subdued; unconquerable
Inducement
a motive or consideration that leads one to action
Industrious
persistently active; zealous
Ineffable
incapable of being expressed in words; indescribable
Inefficacious
lacking the power to produce the desired effect
Inept
generally incompetent; bungling
Inequities
unequal things or situations
Inestimably
incapable of being estimated
Inexorable
not to be persuaded or moved by entreaty (pleas); relentless
Inferred
derived as a conclusion from facts or premises
Inflamed
to excite to excessive or uncontrollable action or feeling
Inflammatory
tending to excite anger, disorder, or tumult
Infused
to cause to be permeated with something
Ingenious
marked by originality, resourcefulness, and cleverness in conception or execution
Inherent
involved in the constitution or essential character of something, belonging by nature or habit
Innate
existing in, belonging to, or determined by factors present in an individual from birth
Innovation
a new idea, method, or device
Innovative
characterized by, tending to, or introducing innovations (a new idea, method, or device)
Innuendo
an oblique allusion; hint, insinuation
Inordinately
exceeding reasonable limits; excessively
Insidious
having a gradual and cumulative effect
Insight
the power or act of seeing into a situation
Insinuate
to impart or communicate with artful or oblique reference
Insolent
insultingly contemptuous in speech or conduct; overbearing
Instill
to impart gradually
Insular
characteristic of an isolated people, especially having a narrow provincial viewpoint
Integral
essential to completeness
Integrity
firm adherence to a code of especially moral or artistic values
Intelligentsia
intellectuals who form an artistic, social, or political vanguard or elite
Intemperate
not temperate (moderate); extreme, immoderate
Interlocutor
those who take part in a dialogue or conversation
Interlude
an intervening or interruptive period, space or event; interval
Interminable
having or seeming to have no end
Interpretation
the act or the result of interpreting (to conceive in the light of individual belief, judgment, or circumstance)
Interspersed
to place something at intervals in or among
Intervene
to come in or between by way of hindrance or modification
Interweave
to mix or blend together
Intransigent
refusing to compromise or abandon an extreme position or attitude; uncompromising
Intrepid
characterized by resolute fearlessness, fortitude, and endurance
Introspective
a reflective looking inward; an examination of one抯 own thoughts and feelings
Intuitively
known or perceived by intuition (quick and ready insight); instinctively
Inundate
to overwhelm; to cover with a flood
Invariably
not changing or capable of change; constant
Invigorating
stimulating, energizing
Inviolable
secure from violation or profanation; unbreakable
Invoke
bring about; cause
Iridescent
a lustrous rainbowlike play of color caused by differential refraction of light waves (as from an oil slick, soap bubble, or fish scales) that tends to change as the angle of view changes
Irrefutable
impossible to refute or deny
Irresolute
indecisive (not resolute or firm)
Irreverent
lacking proper respect or seriousness
Jaded
world-weary, cynical
Jester
fool
Joie
de vivre (French) joy of living; keen or buoyant enjoyment of life
Jollity
the quality or state of being jolly (full of high spirits)
Jovial
markedly good-humored, especially as evidenced by jollity and conviviality
Jubilation
an expression of great joy
Juxtaposition
the act or an instance of placing two or more things side by side
Kinship
the quality or state of being kin; relationship
Languidly
lacking force or quickness of movement; slow
Latent
present and capable of becoming, though not now visible, obvious, or active
Lauded
praise, extol
Lavish
expending or bestowing profusely
Legitimacy
the quality or state of being legitimate (being exactly as purposed, neither spurious nor false)
Legitimating
to show or affirm to be justified
Levy
to impose or collect by legal authority
Liberal
of or constituting a political party advocating or associated with the principles of political liberalism
Liberate
to set free
Limitation
something that limits; restraint
Linchpin
one that serves to hold together the elements of a complex
Literally
actually in a literal sense or manner
Lithe
characterized by easy flexibility and grace
Litigate
to contest in law
Livid
very angry enraged
Loathed
to dislike greatly and often with disgust or intolerance
Lobbyist
one who attempts to influence or sway (as a public official) toward a desired action; activist, campaigner
Ludicrous
amusing or laughable through obvious absurdity incongruity exaggeration, or eccentricity
Lull
quiet period
Lummox
clumsy person
Lurid
causing horror or revulsion; ghastly
Machination
a scheming or crafty action or artful design intended to accomplish some usually evil end
Maelstrom
a powerful often violent whirlpool sucking in objects within a given radius
Malediction
to speak evil of
Malice
intent to commit an unlawful act or cause harm without legal justification or excuse
Malicious
given to, marked by, or arising from malice (desire to cause pain, injury, or distress to another)
Malign
to utter injuriously misleading reports about; to speak evil of
Malinger
to pretend incapacity (as illness) so as to avoid duty or work; shirk
Mandated
to make mandatory, obligatory
Manifestation
the act, process, or instance of manifesting (readily perceived by the senses, esp. by sight)
Maverick
an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party
Maxim
a saying of a proverbial nature; adage
Mechanisms
a process or technique for achieving a result
Mediate
to bring accord out of by action as an intermediary
Melancholy
depression of spirits; dejection
Melodiously
having a pleasing sound or melody
Melodrama
a drama characterized by extravagant theatricality
Mendicant
beggar
Methodically
habitually proceeding according to method; systematically
Meticulously
extremely carefully, painstakingly
Microcosm
a little world; especially the human race or human nature seen as an epitome of the world or the universe
Miff
to put into ill humor; offend
Mirage
an optical effect that is sometimes seen at sea, in the desert, or over a hot pavement, that may have the appearance of a pool of water
Mire
a troublesome or intractable situation
Misconception
a mistaken idea or concept
Misgiving
to suggest doubt or fear to
Missive
written communication; letter
Modest
unassuming, unpretentious; limited in size, amount, or scope
Modicum
a small amount
Modulate
to adjust to or keep in proper measure or proportion; temper
Mollify
to soothe in temper or disposition; placate, calm
Momentous
important, consequential
Monstrosity
an object of great and often frightening size, force, or complexity
Morass
something that traps, confuses, or impedes
Morose
having a sullen or gloomy disposition
Mortified
subjected to severe and vexing embarrassment
Mundane
characterized by the practical, transitory, and ordinary commonplace
Munificence
characterized by great liberality or generosity
Na飗e
deficient in worldly wisdom or informed judgment
Narcissistic
excessive concern or love of oneself
Narratives
something that is narrated; a story
Navigable
deep enough and wide enough to afford passage to ships
Nebulous
indistinct, vague
Nefarious
flagrantly wicked or impious; evil, malicious
Negate
to cause to be ineffective or invalid
Negligible
so small or unimportant or of so little consequence as to warrant little or no attention
Nemesis
a formidable and usually victorious rival or opponent
Neutrality
the quality or state of being neutral, esp. refusal to take part in a war between other powers
Nonchalance
having an air of easy unconcern or indifference
Nondescript
lacking distinctive or interesting qualities; dull
Nostalgic
a wistful or excessively sentimental, sometimes abnormal, yearning for return to or of some past period or irrecoverable condition
Notions
a theory or belief held by a person or group
Novelty
something new and fresh
Novice
beginner
Obdurate
resistant to persuasion or softening influences; stubborn
Objective
expressing or dealing with facts or conditions as perceived without distortion by personal feelings, prejudices, or interpretations; without bias
Oblique
neither perpendicular nor parallel
Oblivious
lacking active conscious knowledge or awareness
Obstinate
perversely adhering to an opinion, purpose, or course in spite of reason, arguments, or persuasion; stubborn, inflexible
Obstreperous
marked by unruly or aggressive noisiness
Obtuse
lacking sharpness or quickness of sensibility or intellect
Offensive
making attack
Ominously
being or exhibiting an omen, especially foreboding or foreshadowing evil
Omnipresent
present in all places at all times
Onerous
involving, imposing, or constituting a burden
Opulent
exhibiting or characterized by opulence (wealth, affluence); magnificent, lavish