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9 Cards in this Set

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1-Estrogen
2-Progesterone
Made in Ovaries
Responsible for 1)- estradiol- female secondary sex characteristics. Narrower waist, wider hips, breasts, mammary glands, axillary hair, pubic hair, softer skin, higher- pitched voice. Regulate menstrual cycle.
2)- SAME AS ABOVE
UTERUS
Female
1-Glucagon
2-Insulin
Made in Pancreatic Islet Cells
Responsible for 1)- When glucose levels in boold are low, it is released to cause the liver to break down glycogen into glucose and then release it into blood stream.
2)- when glucose level in blood are too high, it is released to make almost all cells in the body to take in glucose for cellular respiration.
1-LIVER
2-ALL
Remember it
1-ACTH- Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
2-Prolactin
3-LH- Luteinizing Hormone
4-GH- Growth Hormone
5-FSH- Follicle Stimulating Hormone
6-TSH- Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Made in Anterior Pituitary
Responsible for:
1)- stimulate adrenal cortex
2)- after childbirth to stimulate mammary glands to make breast milk
3)- stimulate ovaries to develop corpus luteum, stimulates testes to make testosterone
4)- cause all tissues and organs to grow, stimulate rate at which older cells are replaced with newer ones (cell- turnover rate)
5)- Causes ovaries to release estrogen and maturation of ova, causes testes to make sperm
6)- Stimulates thyroid gland
1-ADRENAL CORTEX
2-MAMMARY GLANDS 3-GONADS
4-ALL 5-GONADS 6-THYROID
AP- Lots of stuff
1-Thyroxine
2-Calcitinin
Made in Thyroid Gland
Responsible for 1)- causes msot cells to increase rate of metabolism- contains iodine
2)- causes special cells in bone to remove calcium from blood and put into bone to build new bones and lower blood calcium levels
1-ALL
2-BONES
Thy
1-Aldosterone
2-Cortisol
Made in Adrenal Cortex
Responsible for 1)- Mineralocorticoid causes retaining sodium in the kidneys- remove sodium from urine and return to body, with sodium comes water, thus- return water and sodium thus increasing blood volume and pressure
2)- Glucocorticoid causes liver to produce glucose from proteins and fat and to release into blood, targets cells to use fat for fuel instead of glucose results in increase in blood glucose levels and metabolism levels
1-KIDNEYS
2-ALL
AC=AC
1-Oxytocin
2-ADH- Antidiuretic Hormone
Posterior Pituitary
Responsible for 1)- causes uterus to contract during childbirth and causes mammary glands to release milk
2)- Vasopressin- causes kidneys to retain water
1-UTERUS
2-KIDNEYS
diarrhea comes out of ***
1-Epinephrine
2-norepinephrine
Adrenal Medulla
Responsible for 1)- adrenaline relesed in a stress situation same basic chemical structure as below, "Fight or Flight", stays in bloodstream for long time 2)- same as above, sympathetic division of autonomic nervous system
ALL
Place in brain where not voluntary
Testosterone
Testes Responsible for Male 2nd sex stage characteristics during puberty and rest of life. i.e.- broad shoulders, narrower hips, deeper voice, facial hair, chest hair, axillary hair, pubic hair, enlarged external genitalia. Normal and adequate sperm production.
MALE BODY
Male
Parathormone
Parathyroid
Responsible for causing special cells in bone to dissolve bone and release calcium into blood stream, increase amount of calcium in blood
BONES
Para