Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/250

Click to flip

250 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
INDIFFERENT
NOT CARING ONE WAY OR THE OTHER
The old fisherman was completely indifferent to the pain and hunger he felt; his only concern was catching the enormous marlin he had hooked.
APATHY
LACK OF INTEREST OR CONCERN
Many citizens are apathetic about elections and don't bother to vote.
OBSCURE
HAZY, UNFAMILIAR; DIFFICULT TO UNDERSTAND; RELATIVELY UNKNOWN
Scott constantly makes references to obscure cult films, and no one ever gets his jokes.
AMBIGUOUS
UNCLEAR; VAGUE; HAVING SEVERAL POSSIBLE INTERPRETATIONS
When questioned by police, the suspect gave ambiguous answers.
IMPARTIAL
NOT IN FAVOR OF ONE SIDE OR THE OTHER, UNBIASED
The umpire had a hard time remaining impartial; his son was pitching for the home team, and this made it difficult to call the game fairly.
OBJECTIVE
PERTAINING TO SOMETHING REAL AND OBSERVABLE; UNINFLUENCED BY EMOTION OR BIAS; GOAL
Getting an A in all of her classes was her objective in ninth grade.
REVERE
TO RESPECT DEEPLY
Winston Churchill was revered as a great statesman.
DISCRIMINATE
SELECT CCAREFULLY; JUDICIOUS
The new law discriminates against foreigners.
DENOUNCE
CRITICIZE; CONDEMN
The president denounced the actions of his country's closest ally.
INNOVATE
TO INTRODUCE AS NEW; TO EFFECT A CHANGE
George innovates at every phase of his project.
SUBTLE
HARD TO SEE OR UNDERSTAND; ELUSIVE
The editor's changes were so subtle, even the author didn't notice.
RELEVANT
HAVING SIGNIFICANT AND DEMONSTRABLE BEARING UPON THE MATTER AT HAND
John's testamony about his love for baking was not relevant to the court case
CANDID
FREE FROM BIAS, PREJUDICE, OR MALICE
The reporter held a candid interview with the president of the United States.
DISCERN
TO COME TO KNOW OR RECOGNIZE MENTALLY; TO SEE OR UNDERSTAND; INSIGHTFUL
She has a discerning nature, which allows her to understand her clients on a deep level.
HYPOCRITICAL
BEING A HYPOCRITE; WHEN SOMEONE PRETENDS TO BELIEVE SOMETHING THAT THEY DO NOT REALLY BELIEVE OR THAT IS THE OPPOSITE OF WHAT THEY DO OR SAY AT ANOTHER TIME
It's hypocritical for states that run the lottery to tell people they shouldn't open a gambling operation.
DISDAIN
LACK OF RESPECT ACCOMPANIED BY A FEELING OF INTENSE DISLIKE
Michelle looked at the offering with disdain and turned away immediately.
ABSTRACT
THEORETICAL; NOT CONCRETE
Advanced algebra is too abstract for most people.
TEMPER
BRING INTO BALANCE; MODERATE
The boss had a bad temper, and all of the employees disliked him.
ENIGMA
MYSTERY; PUZZLE
The origin of Saturn's rings remains a puzzling enigma.
INEVITABLE
UNAVOIDABLE; SOMETHING CERTAIN
The divorce between Tom and Harriett was inevitable.
ECCENTRIC
DIFFERENT FROM MOST, ESPECIALLY IN PERSONALITY OR BEHAVIOR
Alice was eccentric, but everyone loved her odd ways.
PROVINCIAL
LIMITED OR RESTRICTED; PAROCHIAL
The Secretary General asked those who opposed the relief effort to drop their provincial views and consider the greater good.
FUTILE
HOPELESSLY INEFFECTIVE; USELESS; IN VAIN
You can flap your arms forever, but trying to fly is a futile effort.
DIVERSE
DIFFERENT; VARIOUS
Many colleges are looking for well-rounded applicants with diverse experiences.
REPRESS
CURB ACTIONS THAT SHOW FEELINGS; SUPRESS SOMETHING BY FORCE; BLOCK SOMETHING FROM YOUR MIND
He had to repress a laugh at the somber event.
ARTICULATE
ABLE TO SPEAK CLEARLY AND EFFECTIVELY
To be effective, a preacher must be articulate with his sermon.
SOLICIT
PLEAD FORSOMETHING; ASK SOMEBODY FOR SOMETHING
The glee club had to solicit money in order to go on club events.
REPROACH
CRITICISE SOMEBODY; DISCREDIT
The president reproached the general for his irresponsible behavior.
CONDESCEND
ACT IN A SUPERIOR WAY; MAKE CONCESSIONS FOR OTHERS
She condescended to travel with us.
ORTHODOX
FOLLOWING TRADITIONAL DOCTRINE; SOMEBODY WHO HAS TRADITIONAL BELIEFS
Michael was brought up strictly, and his behavior always adhered to orthodox principles.
INDOLENCE
LAZY
Martha was a hard worker and could not tolerate indolence in her children.
CONGENIAL
AGREEABLE; SIMILIAR; FRIENDLY
Her congenial nature makes her well-loved in the town.
PRECLUDE
PREVENT; MAKE IMPOSSIBLE
The still flooded streets precluded the parade from going on as scheduled.
APPREHENSIVE
FEARFUL; AWARE
Jane was apprehensive for her life.
ELABORATE
EXPAND AND EXPLANATION TO INCLUDE MORE DETAILS
She elaborated on the main idea of her report.
ARROGANT
ACTING SUPERIOR, OBNOXIOUS, SMUG, OR RUDE
The trick is to be self-confident without being arogant.
ELUSIVE
HARD TO CATCH OR UNDERSTAND; EVASIVE
There was an elusive odor in the kitchen.
EFFACE
ERASE
All signs of poverty and suffering were effaced before the queen's visit.
TACITURN
QUIET
Anne was worried her taciturn boyfriend wouldn't fit in with her talkative family.
AMELIORATE
IMPROVE
Much aid is badly needed to ameliorate the effects of the suname.
ACQUIESCE
RELUCTANTLY, AGREEABLE; COMPLIANT
Some employers insist on acquiescence from both the critics and the general public.
ATROPHY
WASTE AWAY; WITHER
Within a week after the accident, his muscles had begun to atrophy.
DUBIOUS
DOUBTFUL; QUESTIONABLE
The facts are dubious, but the theory is challenging in its premise.
FLAGRANT
OPENLY AND OBVIOUSLY EVIL; GLARING; CONSPICUOUS
The attack was a flagrant violation of the treaty.
CONCISE
SHORT AND TO THE POINT
Phil read the concise note from his wife; "Leave Now."
IMMUTABLE
UNABLE TO CHANGE
The speed of light seems to be an immutable law of nature.
STATIC
UNCHANGING; MOTIONLESS
Traffic was static for almost an hour.
CREDULOUS
GULLIBLE; CAUSED BY READINESS TO BELIEVE
Joe was so credulous he believed everything he read.
BLASPHEMY
DISRESPECT TOWARD GOD OR SOMETHING SACRED
John was accused of blasphemy when he spoke evil of God.
COALESCE
UNITE; GROW TOGETHER
Astronomers believe stars coalesce from huge clouds of gas.
LAX
NOT STRICT; NOT TENSE
The mother was lax with her son's education.
CRYPTIC
HIDDEN; SECRET; MYSTERIOUS
The directions on the map are cryptic, which may be why nobody has found the treasure.
LEVITY
LIGHTNESS; PLAYFULNESS; JOCULARITY
Even the most serious films usually have moments of levity.
AMBIVALENT
INDECISION; FEELING OF BEING PULLED IN TWO DIRECTIONS
The house had been in the family for generations, so they were ambivalent about selling it.
INNATE
HAVING A QUALITY THAT ARISES FROM WITHIN, RATHER THAN LEARNED OR ACQUIRED FROM THE OUTSIDE
Elephants have an innate tendency to stick together and help each other.
SYCOPHANT
SOMEONE WHO FLATTERS IN ORDER TO GAIN FAVOR; WIMPY FOLLOWER
Some political leaders surround themselves with sycophants who just agree with everything.
AMIABLE
FRIENDLY AND PLEASANT
The last time we came to this restaurant the waiter was very amiable, but this time he's quite rude.
ESOTERIC
KNOWN TO, OR UNDERSTOOD BY, A LIMITED GROUP OF PEOPLE
The book was filled with esoteric information about a long-lost tribe.
EXTRANEOUS
UNNECESSARY; IRRELEVANT
A good editor will eliminate extraneous words and phrases.
TEDIOUS
LONG AND DRAWN-OUT; TIRESOME; BORING
The accountants job was very tedious.
CAUSTIC
BURNING, EITHER WITH CHEMICALS OR SARCASM
The teaher's caustic critism embarrassed his students.
INADVERTENT
UNINTENTIONAL
The newspaper inadvertently switched the names under the picture.
EXHAUSTIVE
COMPLETE; THOROUGH
Detective Murphy conducted an exhaustive investigation in order to uncover the truth.
INCONGRUOUS
OUT OF PLACE
A tuxedo would be incongruous at the beach.
BELITTLE
TO MAKE SEEM LESS SIGNIFICANT
I don't want to belittle her achievement.
UNPRECEDENTED
THE FIRST OF ITS KIND
Sandra Day O' Connor's appointment to the Supreme Court was unprecedented.
DIGRESS
TO MOVE AWAY FROM THE MAIN TOPIC WHEN WRITING OR SPEAKING; TO GO OFF ON A TANGENT
In writing, if you digress from the main point for too long, you may lose your reader.
APPEASE
CALM; PACIFY
Management tried to appease the strikers with a small salary increase.
FRIVOLOUS
NOT WORTH TAKING SERIOUSLY; SILLY
Jane was a frivolous young woman, she didn't take anything seriously.
BENEVOLENT
KIND HEARTED; GOOD-NATURED; GENEROUS
Miserable and greedy for most of his life, the man became benevolent during his last years.
PIOUS
EXHIBITING RELIGIOUS DEVOTION
He never went to church or temple, but he was pious all the same.
CONCILIATE
BRING DISPUTING SIDES TOGETHER; GET SOMEBODY'S SUPPORT OR FRIENDSHIP BACK
She managed to conciliate the angry customer.
RESIGNATION
GIVE IN; RELINQUISH
John handed in his resignation after an argument with his boss.
RESOLUTION
PROCESS OF RESOLVING; DECISION; DETERMINATION;
She made a New Years Resolution to read more books.
SERVILE
LIKE A SLAVE; SUBSERVIENT; SUBMISSIVE
He had no authority; his role was a strictly servile one.
ACUTE
SHARP OR SEVERE; KEENLY PERCEPTIVE; OF GREAT IMPORTANCE
This artist has such an acute sense of detail that some would mistake her paintings for photographs
RETICENT
QUIET; UNCOMMUICATIVE
He was normally a talkative boy, so his reticence seemed to signal a problem.
ANARCHY
A LACK OF ORDER; CHAOS
Without laws and rules, there would be anarchy everywhere.
VIRULENT
POISONOUS OR DESTRUCTIVE; FILLED WITH HATE OR ANGER; HARSH
An extremely virulent strain of flu virus swept across the country.
SCRUTINIZE
OBSERVE SOMEBODY OR SOMETHING CLOSELY
He scrutinized his likeness in the mirror.
DISCORD
DISAGREEMENT; DISSONANCE
A certain amount of discord is expected within every family.
REPUDIATE
DISOWN; REJECT
Pam repudiated her membership and any connection with the organization.
DILIGENT
PERSISTENT AND HARD-WORKING
She was a very diligent worker, and built her small business into a big company.
SUPERFICIAL
NOT PROFOUND OR DEEP; SHALLOW
Victor attended a college with a Great Books program but was simply too superficial to appreciate any of them.
CONTEMPT
ATTITUDE OF UTTER DISGUST OR HATRED
Alex showed contempt to the police officer who arrested him.
LUCID
EASY TO UNDERSTAND; TRANSPARENT; CLEAR -THINKING
Jerome was surprisingly lucid for someone who had just fallen on his head.
AESTHETIC
APPEALING TO ALL THE SENSES; ARTISTIC; PERTAINING TO BEAUTY
Decadent sensualists faced the coming of the twentieth century with a blend of aesthetic refinement and high living.
PRODIGAL
WASTEFUL, ESPECIALLY OF MONEY; EXTRAVAGANT
Sal earned enough, but his prodigal nature caused him to live beyond his means.
AUGMENT
MAKING LARGER; INCREASE
Phyllis decided to augment her income by taking a second job.
ASSESS
JUDGE SOMETHING; DETERMINE AMOUNT;
There was not enough information to assess whether the event occurred.
complacent
self-satisfied; unconcerned
Facing a less-talented opponent, it's easy to grow complacent and blow a big game.
ELOQUENT
SPEAKING OR SPOKEN BEAUTIFULLY AND FORCEFULLY; EXPRESSING EMOTION CLEARLY
The president was an eloquent speaker.
GUILE
CUNNING AND DECEITFULNESS
The enemy allowed us to collect our wounded and dead from the battlefield, laying down their weapons to show that they acted out of mercy rather than guile.
TRIVIAL
HAVING LITTLE VALUE; COMMONPLACE
Joe and Don always had trivial conversations after lunch.
SQUANDER
USE SOMETHING WASTEFULLY; EXTRAVAGANCE; EXTRAVAGENT SPENDING
Whenever John gets some extra money, he likes to squander it on videos.
INCESSANT
CONTINUOUS; ENDLESS
The incessant buzzing of mosquitoes drove us crazy.
LAUD
PRAISE; WORSHIP; EXTOL
The review was completely laudatory--it didn't contain a single negative comment.
DETER
RESTRAIN FROM TAKING ACTION
New measures in the airport are designed to deter a terrorist attack.
REDUNDANT
NEEDLESSLY REPETITIVE; EXCEEDING THE REQUIREMENTS
Since perfect is an absolute state, saying that something is "more perfect" is redundant.
INFAMOUS
NOTORIOUS; ABOMINABLE
The outlaws Bonnie and Clyde were among the hotel's more infamous past clients.
PROVOCATIVE
TENDING TO PROVOKE, EXCITE, OR STIMULATE; EXCITING SEXUAL DESIRE
The provocative Irish tunes compeled the listeners to dance.
DEPRAVITY
CORRUPTION; MORAL CORRUPTION; PERVERSION; EVIL
The reporter wrote his columnn on the brothels; opium parlors, and depravity of some countries.
GRAVITY
EXTREME IMPORTANCE OR SERIOUSNESS; THE FORCE THAT ATTRACTS BODY TOWARDS THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, OR TOWARD ANY OTHER PHYSICAL BODY HAVING MASS
Because of the gravity of the situation, the rescue workers worked a double shift.
BANAL
BORING; TRITE; INSIPID
The script was filled with banal and predictable scenes.
EXTOL
PRAISE
The writter was extolled for her creativity.
EUPHONY
PLEASANT SOUND, ESPECIALLY IN SPEECH OR PRONUNCIATION
He fell asleep to the euphony of the wind chimes.
DERIDE
MAKE FUN OF; RIDICULE
Lester was derided everyday at work for his unusual taste in clothes.
INSIPID
DULL; FLAT; WITHOUT SPARKLE OR FLAVOR
Amy was surprised that her husband could enjoy such a boring, insipid movie.
AUSTERE
STERN; PLAIN; WITHOUT LUXURIES
The dentist's austere waiting room made children even more nervous.
EXPEDITE
SPEED UP THE PROCESS OF SOMETHING; DEAL WITH QUICKLY AND EFFICIENTLY
Whenever things are moving slowly at the bureau, I call up Watson, who expedites my requests for me.
HERESY
AN OPINION EXPRESSED IN DEFIANCE OF GENERALLY ACCEPTED IDEAS
In centuries passed, people were burned at the stake for heresy.
NOVEL
LONG STORY; LITERARY GENRE
Corey liked to read mystery novels before going to bed.
PHILANTHROPY
CHARITABLE WORK; GENEROSITY
Acme Inc. is a philanthropy company, they give to all worthy organizations.
TENTATIVE
NOT FULLY DEVELOPED OR DEFINITELY PLANNED; PROVISIONAL
We made tentative plans to go camping, as long as it didn't rain.
DEFERENCE
THE ACT OF YIELDING TO SOMEONE ELSE OUT OF RESPECT
In deference to his boss, Milton refused to take credit for the discovery.
VACILLATE
MOVE BACK AND FORTH BETWEEN CHOICES, UNABLE TO DECIDE
Ted vacillated so long about what to order that the restaurant closed.
FERVOR
STRONG PASSION
After the woman's claim of a miraculous cure, the town was swept up by religious fervor.
DISPASSIONATE
NOT EMOTIONALLY INVOLVED; OBJECTIVE
Sure, r. Peabody claimed to be a dispassionate judge, but how could anyone explain his daughter winning all seven awards.
PRAGMATIC
PRACTICAL
Although Leslie always has a bright outlook on the future, she is pragmatic when it comes to finance.
RIGOR
SEVERITY OR HARSHNESS; HARDSHIP
Soldiers endure the rigors of life on the battlefront.
solemn
serious; somber; grave
A funeral director must be solemn and friendly at the same time.
ALLEVIATE
LESSEN SOMETHING; TO MAKE SOMETHING SUCH AS PAIN OR HARDSHIP MORE BEARABLE OR LESS SEVERE
The mother of the feverish girl hoped that aspirin and cold cloths would alleviate her temperature.
NEGLIGENCE
CARELESS IN A SITUATION THAT COULD RESULT IN HARM; NEGLECTFUL
His negligence to help the accident victim right away, resulted in serious complications.
CONSPICUOUS
EASILY VISIBLE; ATTRACTING ATTENTION
The building's most conspicuous feature is its dome-shaped roof.
ADVOCATE
SUPPORT; PLEAD FOR; SPEAK ON BEHALF OF
Lawyers advocate for their clients.
ASCETIC
SELF-DENIAL OF LIFE'S PLEASURES
The ascetic monks that lived in ST. George's often locked themselves in closets for days at a time.
PROFOUND
PENETRATING BEYOND THE SUPERFICIAL; FILLED WITH WISDOM AND INSIGHT; DEEP
Tina came through the ordeal with a new and profound understanding of life.
IRONIC
DELIBERATELY STATING OPPOSITE OF THE TRUTH, USUALLY WITH THE INTENTION OR RESULT OF BEING AMUSING; INVOLVING A SURPRISING OR APPARENTLY CONTRADICTORY FACT
His madness was an ironic fate for such a clear thinker.
DOGMATIC
STUBBORN, BIASED; OPINIONATED; RIGID; AUTHORITATIVE; STICKING TO WIDELY-ACCEPTED BELIEFS, EVEN WHEN FACED WITH CONTRARY EVIDENCE; CLOSED-MINDED
The dogmatic statement had not yet been proven by science.
CONDONE
TO OVERLOOK, EXCUSE, OR PARDON
it's hard to condone such rude behavior.
DISSENT
TO DISAGREE, ESPECIALLY WITH THE MAJORITY, OR WITH AUTHORITY
Totalitarian forms of government do not tolerate much dissent among their citizens.
VOLUNTARY
OF FREE WILL; WITHOUT PAY; USING VOLUNTEERS
Mrs. Parks belonged to a voluntary organization on her days off.
DIDACTIC
CONTAINING A POLITICAL OR MORAL MESSAGE; TENDING TO GIVE INSTRUCTION OR ADVICE, EVEN WHEN IT IS NOT WELCOME OR NEEDED
Harlan found his superiors manner didactic because she insisted on providing a detailed explanation of even the simplest task.
DISPARITY
LACK OF EQUALITY BETWEEN PEOPLE OR THINGS; DISSIMILARITY
There is wide income disparity in some third world countries.
DISPARAGE
SAY NEGATIVE THINGS; BELITTLE
No one likes to hear disparaging remarks.
EPHEMERAL
TEMPORARY; SHORT-LIVED
My early morning memory of dreams is ephemeral: By lunchtime, I can't remember a thing.
COMPLY
TO OBEY OR TO CONFORM TO SOMETHING AS A RULE, LAW, REGULATION, OR WISH
The teacher told the students to comply with the assignment or get a zero.
PROSAIC
NOT HAVING ANY FETURES THAT ARE INTERESTING OR IMAGINATIVE; CHARACTERISTIC OF, RESEMBLING, OR CONSISTING OF PROSE
The academic's prosaic translation of Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales" did little to inspire readers to the study of medieval literature.
PROFUSE
IN LARGE AMOUNTS OR QUANTITIES
The profusion of food on the cruise was overwhelming, and we stuffed ourselves.
EXPEDIENT
HELPFUL OR USEFUL IN A SITUATION, BUT SOMETIMES NOT MORALLY ACCEPTABLE; A MEANS TO AN END
It might be expedient not to pay him until the work is finished.
FASTIDIOUS
DIFFICULT TO PLEASE
The chief was so fastidious, no one could stand to work with him.
BELLIGERENT
HOSTILE OR AGGRESSIVE; TAKING PART IN WARFARE
The man became belligerant when the bartender wouldn't serve him another drink.
ASTUTE
CLEVER AND PERCEPTIVE
He was an astute investor.
LANGUID
WITHOUT ENERGY; SLUGGISH
He made a languid gesture.
CENSURE
TO CRITICIZE
The newspaper editorial censured the governor for her budget proposal.
STAGNANT
MOTIONLESS; UNCHANGING; DULL
Stagnant water gives mosquitoes a calm environment in which to thrive.
MITIGATE
MAKE LESS SEVERE; MOLLIFY
Her soft tone had a mitigating effect, and the argument ended.
REPREHENSIBLE
DESERVING OF CRITICISM; CULPABLE
Stealing is a reprehensible act.
ENGENDER
CREATE OR ARISE; HAVE OFFSPRING
Substandard pay and benefits have engendered resentment among the employees.
EXEMPLARY
DESERVING IMITATION; SERVING AS AN EXAMPLE
The child had exemplary conduct during the teacher's long speech.
NEUTRAL
TAKING NO SIDES; POSSESSING NO DISTINCTIVE QUALITY OR REVEALING NO ATTITUDE OR FEELING; WITHOUT HUE
She was careful to explain the problem in neutral terms.
RELEGATE
RFER TO AOTHER PERSON FOR DECISIONS OR JUDGMENT; ASSIGN TO A CLASS OR KIND
She likes to relegate difficult chores to her younger brother.
ANECDOTE
SOMEBODY'S ACCOUNT OF SOMETHING
His speech was filled with hilarious anecodotes of his adventures, but offered very little in the way of useful information.
SCANTY
SMALL IN QUANTITY; INSUFFICIENT
With such scanty evidence, the prosecution was forced to drop the charges.
FALLACIOUS
FALSE; MISLEADING
Many claims we believe to be true may, years later, turn out to be fallacious.
ACCLAIM
PRAISE; APPLAUD
Mark Twain was a highly-acclaimed author and lecturer.
UNIFORM
SIMILAR; CONSISTENT
Power tools are helpful when you need to cut a lot of lumber into uniform lengths.
INCOHERENT
LACKING CLARITY OR ORGANIZATION; UNABLE TO EXPRESS THINGS CLEARLY
The student gave an incoherent presentation because she was nervous.
INSTIGATE
TO CAUSE TO ACT; URGE; INCITE
The terrotists liked to instigate riots in their city.
SAGE
WISE PERSON; WISE, SHOWING GREAT WISDOM, ESPECIALLY THAT GAINED FROM LONG EXPERIENCE OF LIFE
He always gave me sage advice, which I did my best to follow.
PREDECESSOR
AN EARLIER OCCUPANT OF A JOB, OFFICE, OR POSITION
She completely redecorated the office, removing all evidence of her predecessor.
JEOPARDY
THE THREAT OR POSSIBILITY OF DANGER
One drunk driver can put many lives in jeopardy.
TANGIBLE
ABLE TO BE TOUCHED; CAPABLE OF BEING UNDERSTOOD AND EVALUATED, AND THEREFORE REGARDED AS REAL
There is no tangible evidence to support this claim.
INDULGENT
GIVING IN; YIELDING; LENIENT
Joey had two indulgent grandparents.
REMORSE
A FEELING OF GUILT; REGRET; SELF-REPROACH
After the guilty verdict was read, the defendant showed no remorse for what he did.
PIVOTAL
VITALLY IMPORTANT
Getting her masters degree was a pivotal event in her education.
SCRUPULOUS
VERY THOROUGH; OR, DOING WHAT IS RIGHT AND ETHICAL
Rachel was scrupulous in her search, thoroughly examining every book on the subject.
REFUTE
PROVE WRONG BY SHOWING EVIDENCE; DENY
Military planners tried to refute allegations of poor strategy by showing bonb-damaged footage.
RESPITE
BRIEF INTERVAL OF REST; A TEMPORARY DELAY
Anne took a respite between algebra and science homework.
STOIC
A PERSON WHO SHOWS NO RESPONSE TO PLEASURE OR PAIN; SOMEONE WHO IS IMPASSIVE
Even during torture, he was a stoic and never responded.
VOLATILE
CAPABLE OF EVAPORATING, EXPLODING, OR CHANGING
The judge has a volatile temper, so the lawyers were on their best behavior.
PERIPHERAL
AT THE EDGE OR RELATING TO THE EDGE OF SOMETHING AS OPPOSED TO ITS CENTER; NOT SIGNIFICANT
Ivan lives in one of Russia's peripheral provinces.
HEDONISTIC
SEEKING OF PLEASURE; DEVOTION TO PLEASURE AND HAPPINESS AS A WAY OF LIFE; PHILOSOPHY OF PLEASURE
Some people like to live an unending hedonistic life.
IDIOM
FIXED EXPRESSION WITH NONLITERAL MEANING; NATURAL WAY OF USING LANGUAGE; A GROUP OF WORDS WHOSE MEANING CONSIDERED AS A UNIT IS DIFFERENT FROM THE MEANINGS OF EACH WORD CONSIDERED SEPERATELY
Mastering the use of idioms can be harder for a learner.
BENEFACTOR
FINANCIAL SUPPORTER; SOMEBODY WHO AIDS A CAUSE, INSTITUTION, OR PERSON
The poor family was given food and presents by an anonymous benefactor.
BREVITY
BRIEFNESS; USE OF FEW WORDS
Th audience loved the brevity of his acceptance speech.
APOCRYPHAL
PROBABLY NOT TRUE, BUT WIDELY BELIEVED TO BE TRUE
You wrote a good story but I think it's apocryphal.
VIRTUOSO
A HIGHLY-SKILLED PERSON
Andrae Boccelli gave a virtuoso performance in New York City last week.
SLANDER
NEGATIVE ORAL REMARKS ABOUT ANOTHER PERSON THAT ARE UNTRUE
You can't claim slander if the statements about you are true.
ANIMOSITY
A FEELING OF RESENTMENT, HOSTILITY, OR ENMITY
There was a lot of animosity between the former best friends after the accident.
DEPLETE
USE AVAILABLE SUPPLY; EMPTY SOMETHING
The epidemic became a medical emergency when supplies of the antibiotic were depleted.
AMITY
FRIENDLINESS
Two groups of friends had lived in perfect amity for many years until the recent trouble.
STRINGENT
RIGOROUS OR SEVERE; STRICTLY CONTROLLED OR ENFORCED
Mrs. Dobbs took stringent security measures after her house was burglarized.
VOLUMINOUS
LARGE; EXTREMELY LONG; PRODUCING A LARGE AMOUNT OF CREATIVE WORK
Mrs. Green wrote a voluminous report.
AUSPICIOUS
PROMISING WELL FOR FUTURE; MARKED BY LUCKY SIGNS OR GOOD OMENS, AND THEREFORE BY THE PROMISE OF SUCCESS OR HAPPINESS
The candidate had an auspicious biginning for his campaign.
FICKLE
LACKING LOYALITY; UNPREDICTABLE; CHANGING
Audiences are fickle, which is why many celebrities fade from view.
LETHARGIC
TIRED; SLUGGISH; DROWSY
He intended to mow the lawn, but was too lethargic and simply fell asleep.
HACKNEYED
UNORIGINAL; TRITE
Many love songs contain hackneyed phrases like "I want you, I need you" that have been represented to the point of meaninglessness.
AMASS
TO BRING A LARGE QUANTITY OF THINGS TOGETHER OVER TIME
Donald Trump amassed a fortune.
WILLFUL
DONE DELIVERATELY; STUBBORN
The teacher would not stand for willful disobedience in her classroom.
BASTION
STRONG SUPPORTER; FORTIFICATION
The northeast part of the state is a liberal bastion.
TREPIDATION
FEAR
Alone in the house at night for te first time, Ed was filled with trepidation.
DESECRATE
TO DAMAGE SOMETHING SACRED, OR DO SOMETHING THAT IS OFFENSIVE TO THE RELIGIOUS NATURE OF SOMETHING; DAMAGE SOMETHING REVERED
It is against the law to desecrate a cemetary.
FORTUITOUS
ACCIDENTAL OR UNPLANNED, HAPPENING BY CHANCE, ESPECIALLY GIVING RISE TO A FORTUNATE OUTCOME
I had a fortuitous encounter with my old roommate of thirty years ago, whom I hadn't seen since graduation.
VEHEMENT
STRONGLY EXPRESSED; POWERFUL
Mary had a vehement dislike for the boy who cheated in chemistry class.
ASSUAGE
TO SOOTHE; RELEIVE SOMETHING UNPLEASANT, TO PROVIDE ELIEF FROM SOMETHING DISTRESSING OR PAINFUL
Constant reassurance could not assuage their fears.
PRODIGIOUS
VERY LARGE
After a twenty-year career, her accomplishments were prodigious.
TORPID
SLUGGISH; DULL; LACKING ENTHUSIASM
Slleep-deprived and depressed, Gary slogged through each day in a torpid state.
FURTIVE
SECRETIVE; SHIFTY
The conspirators exchanged furtive glances.
SUPERCILIOUS
FULL OF CONTEMPT AND ARROGANCE
His mother eyed my clothes with a supercilious air.
PRUDENT
WISE; SHREWD; CAUTIOUS
Sometimes the most prudent thing to say is nothing at all.
VERBOSE
VERY TALKATIVE; LOQUACIOUS
The verbose woman at the next table was giving us a headache.
PEDESTRIAN
SOMEBODY WHO IS TRAVELING ON FOOT; DULL
Since John lost his drivers liscense for speeding, he is now a pedestrian.
INNOCUOUS
HARMLESS; INOFFENSIVE
The drink looked innocuous, but actually contained a deadly poison.
FANATIC
EXTREMEST; FAN OF SOMETHING
Many terrorists are fanatics to their cause.
ENHANCE
INTENSIFY; IMPROVE
A coat of paint can greatly enhance the appearance of a room.
RETRACT
WITHDRAW; TAKE BACK A PREVIOUS STATEMENT; RECANT
He retracted his earlier statement about his part in the crime.
PAUCITY
TOO FEW; SCARCITY
In many of the poorer nations of Africa, there is a dangerous paucity of food and medicine.
RESCIND
TAKE BACK; REMOVE; VOID
The governor had to rescind the man's death sentence.
ZEAL
ENTHUSIASM, ENERGETIC FOR A CAUSE OR IDEA
Mary did her job with zeal, and she was given a raise accordingly.
BENIGN
KINDLY, NOT LIFE-THREATENING; HARMLESS; FAVORABLE
John had a benign tumor.
COMPLIANT
FOLLOWING SOMEONE ELSE'S DEMANDS; CONFORMING; OBEYING
Employers who are domineering usually try to hire compliant people.
EMULATE
IMITATE
As young boy's, we tend to emulate our favorite baseball players.
INNUMERABLE
TOO MANY TO BE COUNTED
The man had innumerable difficulties before getting his project ready.
MEANDER
WANDER IN A CAREFREE MANNER; FOLLOW A WINDING COURSE; RAMBLE
Meandering through the woods without a destination was Nancy's favorite activity.
AUTHORITARIAN
HAVING COMPLETE CONTROL OVER MANY PEOPLE
Mary was the timid child of authoritarian parents.
BRAWN
STRONG MUSCLES; BODILY STRENGTH
Joe thought he could win the contest using his brain over Tom's brawn.
CONTRITE
SORRY; PENETENT
Genuinely contrite, Debbie confessed to eating all the doughnuts.
EXEMPLIFY
SHOW BY EXAMPLE
Harry's love for violent movies exemplifies his aggressive character.
FACILITATE
MAKE EASIER
You could facilitate the process by sharing your knowledge.
HYPOTHETICAL
NOT NECESSARILY REAL; BASED UPON SUPPOSITION
Joe used a hypothetical situation when trying to ger her point across to her parents.
RECALCITRANT
RESISTING AUTHORITY; DIFFICULT TO DEAL WITH OR OPERATE; STUBBORN OPPONENT
Michael struggled in front of the mirror with a recalcitrant tie.
AMBULATORY
RELATING OR EQUIPPED FOR WALKING; WALKING OR MOVING; NOT CONFINED TO BED; REVOCABLE
Mr. Sikes was an ambulatory patient.
DIFFIDENCE
LACKING SELF-CONFIDENCE AND RATHER SHY; RESERVED OR RESTRAINED IN BEHAVIOR
You shouldn't be so diffident about your achievements, you;ve done really well.
DRONE
MAKE LOW HUMMING SOUND; TALKING IN BORING VOICE
I could hear his voice droning in the background.
GULLIBLE
EASILY DECEIVED
dON'T BE SO GULLIBLE THAT YOU BELIEVE EVERTHING SOMEONE TELLS YOU.
MARRED
SPOILED; SCRATCHED; BLEMISHED
The new table arrived on time, but was marred by scratches and dents.
NULLIFY
REMOVE OR CANCEL ALL VALUE OR FORCE; NEGATE
The touchdown was nullified because the team had too many players on the field.
PARSIMONY
STINGINESS; EXCESSIVE; FRUGALITY
His parsimony made him an unpopular school board treasurer.
PROPRIETY
QUALITY OF BEING SOCIALLY APPROPRIATE; SOCIALLY CORRECT OR APPROPRIATE BEHAVIOR
Caroline always conducted herself with the grace and propriety of a true southern belle.
REJUVENATE
MAKE SOMEBODY YOUNG AGAIN; RETURN SOMETHING TO ORIGINAL CONDITION
The week at the spa rejuvenated me.
SKEPTICAL
ONE WHO DOESN'T BELIEVE UNLESS HE'S SHOWN ABSOLUTE PROOF; DOUBTER
They all swore they saw a ghost, but the landlord rmained skeptical.
TENACIOUS
STRONG; PERSISTENT; DETERMINED TO HOLD ON
The defense lineman was small but tenacious, and he sacked the quarterback twice.
ANIMATED
TO MAKE SOMEBODY OR SOMETHING LIVELY; PRESENT SOMETHING USING ANIMATION TECHNIQUES
Leaves were animated by a stiff breeze.
AUTHENTIC
NOT FALSE OR COPIED; VALID
The crime was solved by an authentic account by an eyewitness.
BIASED
PREFERENCE
He gave a biased account of the baseball game.
BLITHE
MERRY; CAREFREE
She was loved for her blithe personality.
DEARTH
LACK; A SCARCITY OF SOMETHING
Joe wanted to write his report about the war, but the dearth of uncensored, firsthand information made his report incomplete.
DIVERT
CHANGE SOMETHING'S PATH; DRAW ATTENTION FROM SOMETHING
My attention was diverted by an argument between motorists.
ENTHRALL
COMPLETELY FASCINATED
Tonight's television interview with this famous singer will reveal the talent and grace that have enthralled millions.
HEED
NOTICE; PAY ATTENTION TO
It's wise to heed the warnings of a coming hurricane or tornado.
HINDER
GET IN WAY OF
A heavy snowfall hindered rescurers' attempts to reach the stranded climber.
IRASCIBLE
EASILY ANGERED
He's irascible in the morning, so don't talk to him before noon.
MERGER
COMBINING OF COMPANIES; A UNION
The merger between Lex Industries and Tod Industries sent the stocks soaring.
NOSTALGIC
WISHING FOR A RETURN TO THE WAY THINGS USED TO BE; LONGING FOR THE PAST; HOMESICK
Seeing the old pictures of her parents made Katie nostalgic.
PRETENTIOUS
SHOWY; MAKING RIDICULOUS CLAIMS; EXCESSIVELY
The house was pretentious, clearly designed and decorated to make visitors feel inferior.
SACCHARIN
OF OR LIKE SUGAR; VERY SWEET AND INGRATIATING
Rosemary had a saccharin smile.
STANZA
DIVISION OF POEM; A NUMBER OF LINES OF VERSE FORMING A SEPARATE UNIT WITHIN A POEM
She had to write a poem with four stanzas.
VENERATE
RESPECT GREATLY; REVERE
The football players venerate their coach and work hard to make him proud of them.
VILIFY
DEFAME; ATTACK SOMEONE'S REPUTATION
He was so vilified in the press that his reputation never recovered.