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60 Cards in this Set

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Belligerent
(adj) hostile; aggressive

(n) one who fights fiercely; an invader
The bartender realized that it would be fruitless to try to subdue the BELLIGERENT drunk by himself.
Charlatan
an imposter, one who acts in a fraudulent manner; a deceiver
“That CHARLATAN of a doctor prescribed the wrong medicine for me!” complained the patient.
Consternation
dismay; alarm; dread; confused excitement or distress
The CONSTERNATION on the doctor’s face as he read my test results made my heart jump.
Convivial
festive; characterized by eating and drinking; sociable
The restaurant’s CONVIVIAL atmosphere contrasted starkly with the gloom of Maureen’s empty apartment.
Deleterious
harmful; damaging; injurious
It we put these defective clocks on the market, it could be quite DELETERIOUS to our reputation.
Depose
to remove from office or high position; to dethrone; to say under oath; to testify
After being DEPOSED from his throne, the king spent the rest of his life in exile.
Fallow
uncultivated; unable to bear fruit; having unused potential
This field should lie FALLOW for a year so that the soil does not become completely depleted.
Hyperbole
exaggeration; overstatement
When the mayor claimed his town was one of the seven wonders of the world, outsiders classified his statement as HYPERBOLE.
Inonoclast
one who opposes conventionality or attacks established beliefs and ideals
His lack of regard for traditional beliefs soon established him as an ICONOCLAST.
Ignominious
dishonorable; despicable; shameful; in disgrace
He was humiliated by his IGNOMINIOUS dismissal.
Impecunious
having little or no money; broke
After the stock market crashed, many former millionaires found themselves IMPECUNIOUS.
Impute
to blame or assign responsibility to; to give credit to
The children IMPUTED magical powers to the elderly woman.
Insatiable
unable to be satisfied; tireless
Myrtle’s INSATIABLE appetite made it difficult for her to lose weight.
Jubilant
shouting with joy; rejoicing
In the stands, her family was JUBILANT when she came over the finish line first.
Malevolent
hateful; evil; wicked; having intense ill will
The MALEVOLENT gossiper spread false rumor about people just for the pleasure of upsetting them.
Mercurial
inconstant; changeable; rapidly changing
Her MERCURIAL personality made it difficult to guess how she would react to the bad news.
Parody
(n) a silly or humorous imitation

(v) to mimic for comic effect
Shana’s new play is a thinly veiled PARODY of the corruption in the White House.
Perverse
improper; contrary to what is right or good
Anyone who enjoys looking at child pornography is simply PERVERSE.
Profligate
(adj) wasteful; reckless; corrupt

(n) one who is wildly extravagant
Some historians claim that it was the Romans’ decadent, PROFLIGATE behavior that led to the decline of the Roman Empire.
Prolific
highly productive; fertile; fruitful
Stephen King, a PROLIFIC writer, seems to come out with a new book every six months.
Querulous
habitually complaining; likely to find fault
Curtis’s complaint letter received prompt attention after the company labeled him a QUERULOUS potential troublemaker.
Rant
(n) wildly excessive speech

(v) to speak or scold uncontrollably
The teenager barreled listened as her father RANTED on and on about her disrespectful behavior.
Retrograde
(v) to fall or move backward; recede

(adj) contrary to; inverse
The RETROGADE motion of the comet puzzled the astronomists, who had expected it to move forwards.
Spurn
to reject with disdain or contempt; to speak or strike out against
When Harvey proposed to Harriet, she SPURNED him; she’d always considered him an idiot.
Supercilious
excessively proud; pompous; stuck-up
She was a shallow and scornful society woman with a SUPERCILIOUS manner.
Timorous
timid; bashful; fearful
A TIMOROUS woman, Lois relied on her children to act for her whenever aggressive behavior was called for.
Torpid
lacking energy; sluggish
After surgery, the patient was TORPID until the anesthesia wore off.
Unwitting
unaware; showing lack of knowledge or awareness
Not looking where he was going, John charged into the subway car, UNWITTINGLY knocking down a blind man.
Volatile
explosive; tending to quick and violent change; easily aroused
The teacher’s VOLATILE moods left the children anxious when they entered his classroom.
Voluble
talkative, vocal, able to speak fluently
The VOLUBLE man and his silent wife proved the old saying that opposites attract.
Ambulatory
related to walking; capable of walking
We took an AMBULATORY exploration of the property to determine how well it would support the cattle.
Apocryphal
of doubtful authenticity; fictitious untrustworthy; mythical
Sharon suspected that the stores she was hearing about the alligators in the sewer were APOCRYPHAL.
Atrophy
(n) deterioration; erosion

(v) to waste way; to erode from disuse
When Mimi stopped exercising, her muscles began to ATROPHY.
Bemused
dazed; bewildered; feeling confused and muddled
The computer technician, continually BEMUSED by the complex problems he had to deal with each day, decided to quit and find an easier job.
Chimerical
imaginary; fanciful; fantastical; visionary
The inventor’s plans seemed CHIMERICAL to the conservative businessman from whom he was asking for financial support.
Coalesce
to unite or grow together into one
The different factions of the organization COALESCED to form one united front against their opponents.
Coterie
a clique; a small ingroup with a common interest or skill
Judith invited a COTERIE of fellow stamp enthusiasts to a stamp-trading party.
Confluence
a junction of two streams; a coming or flowing together
The town of Harper’s Ferry, Virginia was built at the CONFLUNCE of two rivers.
Desiccate
to dry up; to drain of vigor, life, spirit, or excitement; to dehydrate
The drought DESSICATED the crops which withered in the sun.
Diffident
bashful, timid, lacking self-reliance
Steve’s DIFFIDENT attitude during the job interview stemmed from his nervous nature and lack of experience.
Distend
to stretch or expand in all directions; to swell or enlarge
Her stomach was DISTENDED after she gorged on the six-course meal.
Endemic
native to a people or place; constantly present, like a disease
The health department determined that the outbreak was ENDEMIC to the small village, so they quarantined the inhabitants before the virus could spread.
Exhort
to advise or warn earnestly; to urge strongly
Rob’s friends EXHORTED him to watch out for ice on the roads when he insisted on driving home in the middle of the snowstorm.
Forbearance
patience; endurance; tolerance over a long period
In light of the fact that he was new on the job, Collette decided to exercise FORBEARANCE with her assistant’s numerous errors.
Gibe
(n) sarcastic and insulting words

(v) to ridicule or tease
Tina GIBED at her brothers mercilessly as they clumsily attempted to pitch the tent.
Impious
lacking respect for God, parents, or anything usually held in respect
The nun cut herself off from her IMPIOUS family after she entered the convent.
Insidious
secretly harmful; more hurtful or destructive than expected
Iago’s INSIDIOUS comments about Desdemona fuelled Othello’s feelings of jealously regarding his wife.
Laconic
concise; sparing of words; brief
She was a LACONIC poet who built her reputation on using words as sparingly as possible.
Malady
disease; ailment; sickness
Elizabeth visited the doctor many times, but he could not identify her mysterious MALADY.
Misnomer
wrong name
Some feel that to call a nuclear missile a “peacemaker” is a MISNOMER.
Obliterate
to erase; to destroy; to make unrecognizable
The city center was completely OBLITERATED by the atom bomb.
Parsimonious
stingy; unwilling to spend money; meager in quantity
Ethel was accused of being PARSIMONIOUS when she refused to pay for her daughter’s college education.
Philanthropy
love for humankind; good will to all people
The Metropolitan Museum of Art owes much of its collection to the PHILANTHROPY of private collectors who willed their estates to it.
Recant
to withdraw a statement or belief; to take back an expressed opinion
The statement was so damning that the politician had no hopes of recovering his credibility, even though he tried to RECANT his words.
Reverence
deep respect; honor, to the point of worship or veneration
All of the nuns in the convent showed REVERENCE to their Mother Superior.
Surreptitious
secret; sneaky, unauthorized; fradulent
The queen knew nothing of the SURREPTITIOUS plots being hatched against her at court.
Tirade
a long, harsh speech marked by protest or anger; a tantrum
Observers were shocked at the manager’s TIRADE over such a minor mistake.
Trenchant
sharp-witted; keen; extremely perceptive; clear-cut; distinct
Dan’s TRENCHANT observations in class made him the professor’s favorite student.
Upshot
result; consequence; outcome
The UPSHOT of the disagreement was a new bylaw.
Whimsical
fanciful; somewhat erratic and unpredictable; oddly imaginative
The ballet was WHIMSICAL, delighting the children with the imaginative characters and unpredictable sets.