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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
New Zealand's national symbol is the kiwi bird
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The people of New Zealand call themselves "Kiwis"
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Australia lies between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian ocean
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New Zealand lies in the Pacific Ocean to the east of Australia
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Australia and New Zealand lie in the Southern Hemisphere, south of the Equator
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Countries in the Southern Hemisphere have opposite seasons from the U.S.
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New Zealand and Australia are far from other countries
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Because they are so far away, many of their animals and plants are found nowhere else on Earth
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Only New Zealand has kiwis and yellow-eyed penguins
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Australia's unique animals are the kangaroo and the koala
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Marsupials are animals that carry their young in a body pouch (ie, kangaroo, koala)
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Marsupials are found elsewhere in the world (ie, opossum of North America)
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In Australia, almost all mammals are marsupials which is not true anywhere else on Earth
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The uniqueness of New Zealand and Australia is the result of forces beneath the Earth's surface
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The theory of plate tectonics is the outer "skin", or crust of Earth, is broken into huge, moving slabs of rock called tectonic plates
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The tectonic plates move independently.
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New Zealand , Australia and the Pacific islands are part of the Indo-Australian plate
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Once they were part of a landmass that included Africa
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Over the centuries, many small changes have occurred naturally in the plants and animals of Australia an the islands
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Many birds have lost their ability to fly even though they still have small wings
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Because they are so isolated, these animals have not spread to other regions
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Australia is the smallest continent
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Australia is about the size of the U.S. (excluding Alaska and Hawaii)
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Most Australians live along the eastern and southeastern coasts
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Australia's most important rivers are the Murray and the Darling
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The region along Australia's east coast receives ample rain
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Apart from the Great Dividing Range, most of Australia is flat
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The Great Dividing Range is located on the east coast of Australia
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The South Island of New Zealand is more mountainous than the North Island
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New Zealand is made up of two major islands -- South Island and North Island
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New Zealand is much smaller than Australia
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Both islands have highlands, forests, lakes and mountains
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New Zealand's landforms have been shaped by volcanos
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The volcanos were caused by the movement of the tectonic plates
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Where plates meet, often there are earthquakes and volcanoes
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New Zealand is located where the Pacific plate meets the Indo-Australian plate
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The North Island and South Island were formed by volcanos when the Pacific plate and Indo-Australian plate collided
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New Zealand is farther from the Equator than Australia
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No place in Zealand is farther than 80 miles from the sea
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New Zealand has a mild climate and plenty of rainfall
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In the middle of North Island lies a volcanic plateau
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Three of the volcanoes are active
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The volcano called Mount Egmont is inactive
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Geysers are hot springs that shoot scalding water more than 100 feet into the air
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New Zealanders use the energy from the geysers to produce electricity
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New Zealand's capital city of Wellington is located on North Island
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New Zealand's largest city, Auckland, is located on North Island
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South Island has a high mountain range called the Southern Alps
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Mount Cook is the highest peak in the Southern Alps
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Fiords are narrow inlets bordered by steep slopes
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Canterbury Plain is a flat, fertile land in the South Island
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Canterbury Plain is where most of New Zealand's crops are grown
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Ranchers also raise sheep and cattle in the Canterbury Plain
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Both Australia and New Zealand have important natural resources such as coal, iron ore and natural gas
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Both countries raise sheep and cattle and grow similar crops
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New Zealand is different from Australia because it is smaller and has higher mountains than Australia
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New Zealand has glaciers and Australia does not
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New Zealand and Australia have different climates
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