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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Southeast Asia is located east of the Indian subcontinent and south of China
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Southeast Asia has many earthquakes and volcanoes.
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The Mount Pinatubo volcano was the second-largest volcano eruption in the 20th century.
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Volcanoes are one physical feature of Southeast Asia
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Southeast Asia is divided into mainland and island areas.
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The mainland is a peninsula
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The islands extend east and west
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The islands are between the Indian (east) and Pacific (west) oceans
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The nations of the mainland are: Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam
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Malaysia is part of the mainland and island areas
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Malaysia lies partly on the island of Borneo.
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The nations of the island are: Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia and the Philippines.
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The largest of the island nations is Indonesia
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Indonesia's largest island is Sumatra.
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Singapore is a tiny nation located at the tip of the Malay Peninsula
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The Philippines is made up of 7,000 islands
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The islands are part of the Ring of Fire
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The Ring of Fire is a region of volcanoes and earthquakes surrounding the Pacific Ocean
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Many of the mountaineous islands are the peaks of underwater volcanoes
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Much of the mainland is covered by forested mountains.
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Most people in the mainland live in the river valley between mountain ranges
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Southeastern coast of Vietnam is tropical wet
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Tropical wet - west coast of Myanmar, southeast coast of Vietnam, the islands of Southeast Asia
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Moving eastward thru the mainland, the weather changes from tropical wet=>dry=>humid subtropical
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These regions are so wet because of the summer monsoons
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There are two separate summer monsoons -- Indian Ocean monsoon and Pacific Ocean monsoon
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The Indian Ocean monsoon blows from the southwest
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The Pacific Ocean monsoon blows from the southeast
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Most of Indonesia is in the Southern Hemisphere which means December to March is their summer
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A disadvantage o f tropical climate are typhoons
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The high winds and heavy rain of a typhoon cause property damage and loss of life
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Southeast Aisa contains the second largest rain forest regions in the world
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Rain forests are thick forests that receive at least 60 inches of rain a year
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Rain forests contain a great variety of plant and animal life
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Rain forests are a source of lumber, medicines, and materials used in industry.
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The rain forests are in danger from commericial logging and farming.
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Many of the people in Southeast Asia make their living from the land
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Subsistence farming is farming that provides only enough food for a family or village
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A plantation is a large farming operation designed to raise crops for profit, or cash crops
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Commercial farming is the raising of crops and livestock for sale on the local and world market
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Plantation agriculture is a type of commercial farming
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Farming is a major economic activity in Southeast Asia
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Cash crops are coffee, tea and rubber
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Indonesia and Malaysia are major exporters of rubber
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Other major crops are soybeans, sugar cane, fruit and rice.
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The most important crop is rice.
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Rice needs a hot climate and plenty of water to grow
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A paddy is a level field that is flooded to grow rice
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Farmers use the paddy system to grow rice
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Indonesia and Thailand are the top rice-producing countries in the world.
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Indonesia is an exporter of rubber and a top producer of rice
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Tropical rain forests once covered nearly all of Southeast Asia
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A challenge is to balance the need for economic growth with the need for rain forests
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Mudslides occurred in Thailand because trees that held the soil on the hillside had been cut down
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In 1989, Thailand banned logging in the natural forests
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Bamboo is a type of fast-growing grass that produces a woody stem
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Bamboo is used to make houses, irrigation pipes, ropes and bridges
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Bamboo is important to the economies of several Southeast countries
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The Philippines is one of the largest suppliers of bamboo in the world market
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Indonesia, Myanmar and Brunei have oil
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Indonesia and Malaysia have natural gas
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Thailand has natural gas in the Gulf of Thailand
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They use their natural gas to generate electricity instead of importing oil.
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Indonesia exports rubber, a top producer of rice, has oil and natural gas
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Malaysia exports rubber and has oil.
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The landforms of mainland Southeast Asia is forested mountains
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Most of island Southeast Asia has a tropical wet climate
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