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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Earth Science
the study of Earth and its history
specialist
a person who studies or works on only one part of a subject
atmosphere
envelope of gases surrounding Earth
hydrosphere
the part of Earth that is water
lithosphere
the solid part of Earth
sphere
a round, three-dimensional object
core
innermost region of Earth
crust
solid, thin outer layer of Earth
mantle
thick layer of rock below the crust
distortion
error in shape, size, or distance
globe
three-dimensional model of Earth's surface
map
flat model of Earth's surface
map projection
drawing of Earth's surface, or part of it, on a flat surface
latitude
distance in degrees north or south of the equator
longitude
measurement in degrees east or west of the prime meridian
meridian
imaginary line running from the North Pole to the South Pole along Earth's surface
parallel
horizontal line on a map or globe that circles Earth from east to west at intervals starting at the equator
legend
list of map symbols and their meanings
scale
feature that relates distances on a map to actual distances on Earth's surface
symbol
drawing on a map that represents a real object
contour line
line drawn on a map that connects all points having the same elevation
elevation
height of a pont on Earth above or below sea level
topography
general form and shape of the land on Earth's surface
contour interval
difference in elevation between one contour line and the next