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14 Cards in this Set

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SALT
froze the number of strategic ballistic missile launchers at existing levels, and provided for the addition of new submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) launchers only after the same number of older intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) and SLBM launchers had been dismantled
ABM TREATY
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty;between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile systems used in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons
OPEC
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries is made up of Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela;the coordination and unification of the petroleum policies of [its] member countries
ARAB OIL EMBARGO
OAPEC, consisting of the Arab members of OPEC plus Egypt and Syria) announced, as a result of the ongoing Yom Kippur War, that they would no longer ship petroleum to nations that had supported Israel in its conflict with Syria and Egypt; Oil prices tripled
SOLIDARITY
Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980;constituted a broad anti-communist social movement ranging from people associated with the Catholic Church[1] to members of the anti-communist Left;Advocated nonviolence in its members' activities
CAMP DAVID ACCORDS
signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin on September 17, 1978,at the White House, and were witnessed by United States President Jimmy Carter;
IRANIAN HOSTAGE CRISES
444-day (about 14 months) period during which student proxies of the new Iranian regime held hostage 52 diplomats and citizens of the United States
panama canal treaty
guaranteed that Panama would gain control of the Panama Canal after 1999, ending the control of the canal that the U.S. had exercised since 1903
grenada invasion
was an invasion of the island nation of Grenada by the military forces of the United States and several Caribbean nations
sandinistas
leftist political party that ruled Nicaragua for roughly 12 years from 1979 to 1990
Contras
were the armed opponents of Nicaragua's Sandinista Junta of National Reconstruction following the July 1979 overthrow of Anastasio Somoza Debayle and the ending of the Somoza family's 43-year rule
Iran/Contra
was the biggest political scandal in the United States during the 1980's during Reagan's administration; reagan administration sold arms to Iran but told the country th ey hadn't but were exposed
glasnost
Russian word for "publicity", "openness"; introduced by gorbachev
perestroika
is the Russian word (which passed into English) for the economic reforms introduced in June 1987 by the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. Its literal meaning is "reconstruction", which refers to restructuring of the Soviet economy