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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Lifestyle factors that place people at risk
unsafe work environment, residence w/ high crime rate, access to guns and ammunition, insufficient income to but safety equipment
The infants crib slats should be no more than __________ inches apart.
2 3/8
The most frequent causes of fatalities in descending order for school age kids are:
motor vehicle accidents, drownings, fires, and firearms.
Adolescents are at risk for ______ _______ b/c their coordination skills are not fully developed.
sports injuries
What age is at most risk for unintentional firearm injury?
2-12 yr old.
What are the two leading causes of death among teenagers?
suicide and homicide
Adolescent males commit suicide at a higher rate than adolescent females, and african americans commit homicide more than european americans. Suicides by firearms and exhaust gases are the most common.
What are the most frequently used weapons used in suicide and homicide?
firearms and then stabbing tools are the next frequently used weapon.
Young adults leading cause of mortality?
motor vehicle accidents
middle aged adults leading cause of death?
motor vehicle accidents
decreased reaction time and visual acuity make them more prone to accidents.
_______ men are most likely to commit suicide.
a burn from a hot liquid or vapor, such as steam
results from excessive exposure to thermal, chemical, electric, or radioactive agents
common home hazard that cause scalds
pot handles that protrude over the edge of a stove- electric appliances used to heat liquids or oils-excessively hot bath water.
when a fire occurs the nurse follows 4 sequential priorities
protect and evacuate clients who are in immediate danger, report the fire, contain the fire, extinguish the fire.
categories of fires
Class A: paper, wood, rags, rubbishclass b: flammable liquids and gases class c electrical
sound levels above _____ decibels are painful and can cause hearing damage
120 decibels
any manual method or physical or mechanical device, material, or equipment attached to the client body- restrict the clients movement
physical restaints
restraints for children
mummy restraints, elbow, crib nets
restraint types for adults
jacket, belt, mitt or hand, limb, geri chairs, wheelchairs to confine activity, vests, belt or safety strap body restraints for clients being moved in wheelchairs or on stretchers.
extinguisher types
Type A water-B or C-dry/chemical C- multipurpose dry chemical D special dry powder
Fire containment strategies
close doors and windows-place wet towels along base of doors-turning of oxygen and electrical equipment-using fire extinguishers
PASS-fire extinguisher use
HRMC code red
alarm is sounded-alarm alert fire dpt-code red and location over pa system-close all doors-know all pts w/ oxygen in use-turn off non-essential electrical equipment-remove clutter from hall-nurse stationed at all points
any substance that impairs health or destroys life when ingested, inhaled, or otherwise absorbed by the body.
poison effects
can impair resp, circulatory, cns, hepatic, gi, renal
nursing action if pt in shock
determine if pt has a pulse-no pulse dial 911 start CPR If pt has a pulse- and alert and oriented-VS assess skin for thermal injury Call MD If in home go to Er