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28 Cards in this Set

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Brahman
reality itself; "the one that has no second"
Vedic Sacrifice
the principal Vedic ritual and basis of all action
Sanskrit
the ancient vedic language (well-formed)
mantra
sanskrit word, phrase, or sentence having power in absolute reality
atman
the self in its essence
karma
(actions) ritual action, or all action, or all things willed
Law of Karma
desirous actions continue as a causal force
samsara
(passage, journey)passage of atman over time through incarnations dictated by Karma
dharma
(duty) what one ought to do
varna
class
asrama
life-stage
varnasrama-dharma system
orthodox system of castes and life-stage
castes
sub-classes of the varna system, usually mutually exclusive;determined by birth
yoga
discipline
bhakti
devotion
bhakti-yoga
the discipline and way of devotion to a God
avatara
(descent) manifestation of a god as a living being, usually a person
tantra (adj. tantric)
non-vedic beliefs and practices emphasizing the existence in humans of divine powers that can be activated through special ritual procedures
Vishnu
supreme being and ultimate reality; alternatively a manifestation of Brahman
Krishna
avatara of Vishnu, often a young cowherd, usually worshiped as Vishnu
Siva
supreme god, god of destruction, creator/sustainer/destroyer, manifestation of Brahman
Parvati
wife of siva
Basic indian timeline
-indus valley culture (2500-1500BCE)
-Aryans (invade from northwest 2nd millenium BCE)
-Asoka (269-232 BCE) promoted Buddhism, good leader
Vedas
(knowledge) corpus of early hymns
Brahmans
commentaries on the Vedas
Dharma-sutras
brahmanical texts on law,duty, and behavior
Mahabharata
epic poem (100BCE-200CE)
Puranas
(ancient tales)genealogies of creation, gods, kings, etc 300-900 CE