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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the 4 components of "Language Arts"?
1. reading
2. writing
3. speaking
4. listening
phonology
study of speech sounds (phonemes)
orthography
study of spelling patterns
morphology
study of the units of meaning (morphemes) within words
syntax
rules of phrase and sentence structure
semantics
the study of phrase and sentence meaning
pragmatics
word choice and use in context
discourse structure
organization of connected sentences
What are the 7 levels of language organization, starting from below word level?
1. phonology
2. orthography
3. morphology
4. syntax
5. semantics
6. pragmatics
7. discourse structure
Are reading and writing forms of language processing?
YES!
What are the 2 levels of translation that occur in reading?
print -> speech -> meaning

these are mediated by the language centers of the brain
What knowledge do children bring to the tasks of reading and writing?
that of spoken language
What is generative language?
The creation of an unlimited number of new messages - this is unique to human language.
How do we know that 'Nkruma' and 'Zhezhnik' are not English names?
Sound sequences in these words don't occur in the English sound system.
phonemes
a finite set of speech sounds
morphemes
meaningful units within words that can be recombined to create new words
What is the rule system that tells speakers how to use language for social communication?
pragmatics
What is the word for a system of written symbols to represent sounds, syllables, and morphemes of spoken language?
orthography
What is an alphabet?
a system that uses symbols for individual speech sounds
When were alphabets first created?
about 3,000 years ago
Which is the language with the biggest vocabulary?
English