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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
А а
а
(ah)
when stressed, like a in father
Б б
бэ
(beh)
like b in boy
В в
вэ
(veh)
like v in volcano
Г г
гэ
(geh)
like g in gamma
Д д
дэ
(deh)
like d in delta, but with tongue against upper teeth
Е е
e
(yeh)
when stressed, like ye in yesterday
Ё ё
ё
(yoh)
like yo in New York; always stressed
Ж ж
жэ
(zheh)
like s in measure, but with tongue farther back
З з
зэ
(zeh)
like z in zebra
И и
и
(ee)
like i in machine
Й й
и краткое
(ee kratkoyeh)
like y in boy or gray
К к
ка
(kah)
like k in skit, but without aspiration or breath
Л л
эль
(ehl’ – the l is soft)
like l in lambda, but tongue against upper teeth
М м
эм
(ehm)
like m in mother
Н н
эн
(en)
like n in no, but tongue against upper teeth
О о
о
(oh)
when stressed, between the o in mole and the vowel sound in talk
П п
пэ
(peh)
like p in spot (looks like Greek pi)
Р р
эр
(ehr)
flap r, similar to trilled r in Spanish; similar to tt in better and butter. (Looks like Greek rho)
С с
эс
(ess)
like s in sail—(never like k)
Т т
тэ
(teh)
like t in stay, but tongue against upper teeth
У у
у
(oo)
like oo in shoot, but with extreme lip rounding
Ф ф
эф
(eff)
like f in fun (looks like Greek phi)
Х х
ха
(kha)
like ch in Bach (looks like Greek chi)
Ц ц
цэ
(tseh)
like ts in cats
Ч ч
че
(cheh)
like ch in cheer
Ш ш
ша(shah)like sh sound in sure, but with tongue father back
Щ щ
ща
(shchah)
like long sh sound in fresh sherbet, but with tongue farther forward
ъ
твёрдый знак
(tvyordy znak)
Hard sign. Indicates [y] sound between consonant and vowel.
ы
ы
(iy)
between the a in about and the ee in see
ь
мягкий знак
(myakhkee znak)
Soft sign. Indicates the preceding consonant is palatalized; before a vowel adds a [y] sound.
Э э
э
(eh)
like e in set
Ю ю
ю
(yu)
like yu in yule
Я я
я
(ja)
when stressed, like ya in yacht