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98 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which type of cell lacks a nucleus?
Prokaryotic
Which type of cell has their DNA located in the nucleoid?
Prokaryotic
Which type of cell has DNA surrounded by a nuclear envelope?
Eukaryotic
Which cell type do Bacteria and Archaea categorize as?
Prokaryotic
Which cell type does protists, fungi, animals, plants categorize as?
Eukaryotic
What are the common features of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells (5)?
· bounded by plasma membrane
· have cytosol
· contain chromosomes
· have ribosomes
· have RNA & DNA
Define Cytosol
a semifluid substance
Which cell contains few organelles?
prokaryotic
Where is the cytoplasm located?
between the nucleus and plasma membrane
What is the function of the ribosome?
synthesizing proteins
What is the function of Smooth ER?
helps with cell metabolism
What is the function of the Rough ER?
Make and move proteins
What is the function of the Golgi Apparatus?
packages material
What is the function of central vacuoles?
support the plant cell
What do peroxisomes do?
break down Hydrogen Peroxide
What is the function of microtubules?
support
What is the function of chloroplasts?
photosynthesis
What is the function of stroma?
photosynthesis
What is the function of Thylakoids?
photosynthesis
What is the function of grana?
photosynthesis
What is the function of Matrix?
Cellular respiration
What is the function of Cristae?
Cellular respiration
What is the function of the mitochondrion?
Cellular respiration
What is the function of Pili?
attachment
What is the function of Fimbriae?
attachment
What is the structure of the Unit Membrane?
phospholipid bilayer with hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails permeated with globular proteins
What is the structure of thylakoid?
unit membrane and chlorophyll
What is the function of cilium?
movement
what is the structure of plasmid?
DNA
What is the structure of peroxysome?
unit membrane
What is the structure of stroma?
fluid with enzymes
What is the function of the Microbody?
enzyme catalyzed processes
What is the cell wall structure?
plants & fungi- cellulose
prokaryotes- petidoglycan
what is the function of chromatin material?
regulates protein synthesis
What is the structure of nuclear pores?
hole
What is the structure of the glycocalyx?
slime layer
what is the function of the plasmid?
protein synthesis
what is the structure of centrosome?
microtubules
what is the structure of the matrix?
semifluid material
what is the structure of lysosome
unit membrane
What is the structure of the nucleus?
the nucleus has NO STRUCTURE!
what is the function of the nucleolus?
helps make ribosomes
What is the structure of the vacuole?
unit membrane
What is the function of the nuclear envelope?
selectively permeable
What is the function of the capsule?
protection
what is the function of centrosome?
makes and organizes microtubules
what is centrioles structure?
composed of microtubules
what is the function of the flagellum?
movement
What is the structure of the nucleoid region?
DNA
what is the function of centrioles?
cellular reproduction to make spindle fibers
what is the structure of the middle lamella?
carbohydrate
whats the function of vacuole?
storage
what is the structure of intracellular space?
air
what is the function of the unit membrane?
selectively permeable
what is the structure of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?
unit membrane
Whats the function of the cell wall?
support and protection
What is the structure of the nuecleoplasm?
semifluid
What is the structure of cilium?
microtubules
What is the function of glycocalyx?
adhere surfaces
What is the structure of leucoplast?
unit membrane
What is the function of actin filaments (microfilament)?
helps the cell change shape
what is the structure of the golgi apparatus?
unit membrane
what is the structure of ribosomes?
RNA and protein
what is the function of the middle lamella?
binds plant cells
What is the structure of the central vacuole?
unit membrane
what is the structure of the mitochondria?
unit membrane with fluid matrix
What is the structure of microtubules?
protein tubulin
What is the function of the nuceloid region?
regulates the cell
what is the structure of the slime layer?
carbohydrates
What is the structure of chloroplast?
UM, fluid, and chlorophyll
what is the structure of the plasma membrane?
unit membrane
what is the structure of the rough enfoplasmic reticulum?
unit membrane with ribosomes
What is the function of the cytoplasm?
NO FUNCTION!
what is the function of the cytosol?
dissolves
what is the structure of the microbody?
unit membrane
what is the structure of the granum?
stack of thylakoids
what is the structure of the flagellum?
microtubules
what is the function of the basal body?
organizes microtubules in Cilia & flagellum
what is the structure of the fimbriae?
unit membrane
what is the structure of the nucleolus?
RNA and protein
what is the function of the nuclear pore?
allows large molecules through
what is the function of lysosome?
digestion
what is the structure of glyoxysome?
unit membrane
what is the function of chromoplast?
stores pigments
what is the structure of cristae?
unit membrane
what is the function of intracellular space?
spaces plant cells
what is the structure of the nuclear envelope?
unit membrane
what is the structure of the capsule?
carbohydrates
what is the function of the slime layer?
protection
what is the function of the plasma membrane?
selectively permeable
what is the structure of chromatin material?
DNA, RNA, and protein
what is the function of the nucleus?
controls the cell
what is the structure of the basal body?
unit membrane and microtubules
what is the function of the glyoxysome?
metabolizes photosynthetic products
what is the function of the leucoplast?
stores starches and oils
what is the structure of chromoplast?
unit membrane
what is the structure of actin filaments?
protein actin
what is the function of the neucleolus?
helps make ribosomes