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36 Cards in this Set

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Aristotle
Greek philosophy/philosopher, he loved wisdom, he was a very well rounded scholar, 1st person to define tragedy the genre.
The Poetics
name of the book where you can find Aristotoles theory of tragedy.
Tragedy
hopelessness, bad feelings, a horrible ordeal, causing by extreme sorrow/distress.
Tagic Hero
someone starting at a high social level and good morality, then ultimatley falls and ends up horribly, destroyed in life.
Hamartia
flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero.
Catharsis
the purging of the emotions of the audience at the end of a tragedy.
pity and terror
the 2 specific emotions purged from the aufience in a catharsis.
classic
something from ancient Greece or Rome, something that is the best of its kind,
in medias res
latin words meaning "in the middle of things", some books began in the middle of things.
3 unities
time,place, and action
personna
mask and character
end-stopped line
a line of poetry with a strong punctuation mark at the end, like a period or !.
enjambent
a sentence flows over from one line of poetry to the next with out an end-stop/
dramatic irony
when the character says something that is more important than he/she realizes or when the audience knows something the character doesnt.
poetic justice
when the punishment fits the crime.
patricide
the murder of a father
infacticide
the murder of a child or infant.
regicide
the murder of a king.
stanza
a group of lines in poetry, similar to a paragraph in prose,
couplet
2 lines of poetry usually united by a rhyme.
tercet
group of 3 lines.
quatrain
group of 4 lines
Alliteration
the repitition of intial consonant sounds.
consonance
the repitition of consonant sounds
assonance
the repitition of vowel sounds
personification
when you treat something that isnt human as a human
extended metaphor
a long metaphor that can be divided in parts
pendant poems
2 poems that hang together
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
juxtaposition
placing to things side by side
onamatopoeia
when the word supposedly imitates the sound that it names(boom, crack,hiss,etc.)
paradox
an apparent contradiction that really contains a hidden truth
oxymoron
a 2 word paradox.(bittersweet)
aubade
1) a poem about dawn,2) a poem about lovers parting,3) a poem about lovers parting at dawn
figure of speech
opposite of literal speech
prose
the opposite of poetry, normal everyday speech