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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Class of drugs that may cause syndrome of muscle rigidity, hyperthermia, autonaumic instability, & extrapyramidal symptoms.
Antipsychotics (neuroleptic malignant syndrome)
Side effects of corticosteroids.
acute mania
immunosuppression
thin skin
osteoporosis
easy bruising
myopathies
Treatment for DTs.
Benzodiazepines
Treatment for acetominophen overdose.
N-acetylcysteine
Treatment for opioid overdose.
N-acetylcysteine
Treatment for benzodiazepine overdose.
Flumazenil
Treatment for neuroleptic malignant syndrome.
Dantrolene or Bromocriptine
Treatment for malignant hypertension.
Nitroprusside
Treatment of AF (A-fib).
Rate control, rhythm conversion, & anticoagulation
Treatment for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT).
Rate contol w/ carotid massage or other vagal stimulation
Causes of drug-induced SLE.
INH
penicillamine
hydralazine
procainamide
Macrocytic, megaloblastic anemia WITHOUT neurologic symptoms.
Folate deficiency
Macrocytic, megaloblastic anemia WITH neurologic symptoms.
B12 deficiency
A burn patient presents w/ cherry-red flushed skin & coma. SaO2 is normal, but carboxyhemoglobin is elevated. Treatment?
Treat CO poisioning w/ 100% O2 or w/ hyperbaric O2 if severe poisioning or pregnant
Blood in the urethral meatus or high-riding prostate.
Bladder rupture or urethral injury
Test to rule out urethral injury.
Retrograde cystourethrogram
Radiologic evidence of aortic disruption or dissection.
widened mediastinum (> 8 cm), loss of aortic knob,
pleural cap,
treacheal deviation to the right,
depression of main stem bronchus
Radiographic indications for surgery in patients w/ acute abdomen.
free air under the diaphragm,
extravasation or contrast,
severe bowl distention,
space-occupying lesion (CT),
mesenteric occlusion (angiography)
The most common organism in burn-related infections.
Psuedomonas
Method of calculating fluid repletion in burn patients.
Parkland formula
Acceptable urine output in a trauma patient.
50 cc/hr
Acceptable urine output in a stable patient.
30 cc/hr
Cannon "a" waves.
3rd-degree heart block
Signs of neurogenic shock.
hypotension & bradycardia
Signs of ⇧ ICP (Cushing's triad).
1. hypertension
2. bradycardia
3. abnormal respirations
⇩ CO,
⇩ PCWP,
⇧ PVR.
hypovolemic shock
⇩ CO,
⇧ PCWP,
⇧ PVR.
cardiogenic shock
⇧ CO,
⇩ PCWP,
⇩ PVR.
septic or anaphalactic shock
Treatment of septic shock.
fluids & antibiotics
Treatment of cardiogenic shock.
Identify cause; pressors (e.g. dobutamine)
Treatment of hypovolemic shock.
Identify cause; fluid & blood repletion
Treatment of anaphalactic shock.
diphenhydramine or epinephrine 1:1000
Supportive treatment for ARDS.
Continuous positive airway pressure
Signs of air embolism.
A patient w/ chest trauma who was previously stable suddenly dies
Trauma series.
AP chest,
AP/lateral C-spine,
AP pelvis