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75 Cards in this Set

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WHAT MONTAGE IS GENERALLY USED FOR THE MSLT
THE CORE CHANNELS; 2 EOG, 4 EEG, CHEIN EMG, EKG
HOW IS THE MEAN SLEEP LATENCY CALCULATED?
SUM OF ALL THE SLEEP LATENCIES FOR EACH NAP; IVIDED BY THE TOTAL NUMBER OF NAPS PERFORMED
HOW IS THE MEDIAN SLEEP LATENCY CALCULATED?
ALIGN ALL SLEEP LATENCIES IN NUMERIC ORDER. 5 NAP:SELECT THE 3RD #, 4 NAPS:+ 2ND & 3RD #'S & DIVIDE BY 2
HOW IS THE MEAN REM LATENCY CALCULATED?
SUM OF ALL REM LATENCIES, DIVIDED BY THE # OF REM PERIODS THAT OCCURRED
HOW FREQUENT ARE THE NAPS SCHEDULED DURING THE MSLT?
EVERY 2 HOURS
THIS SLEEP TEST IS USED IN THE ASESSMENT AND DIAGNOSIS OF DISORDERS OF EXCESSIVE SOMNOLENCE AND TO EVALUATE DAYTIME SLEEPINESS IN RELATION TO VARIOUS THERAPEUTIC OR EXPERIMENTAL MANIPULATIONS:
THE MULTIPLE SLEEP LATENCY TEST (MSLT)
HOW MANY MINUTES AFTER LIGHTS OUT (IF NO SLEEP IS SEEN) IS THE STANDARD MSLT TERMINATED?
20 MINUTES
IN ORDER TO ASSESS THE OCCURRENCE OF REM SLEEP DURING THE MSLT, THE TEST SHOULD CONTINUE FOR HOW LONG AFTER THE FIRST EPOCH OF SLEEP?
15 MINUTES
WHEN DOES SLEEP ONSET OCCUR WHEN SCORING AN MSLT?
THE TIME FROM LIGHTS OUT TO THE FIRST EPOCH SCORED AS SLEEP
EKG CHANNEL SHOWS REGULAR RHYTHM, RATE 60-100 BPM: P WAVE PRESENT AND UPRIGHT BEFORE EACH QRS COMPLEX. TIME INTERVAL IS SAME FOR ALL BEATS
NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM
EKG-REGULAR RHYTHM, RATE>100 BPM (SELDOM>150); P WAVES PRESENT AND UPRIGHT BEFORE EACH QRS COMPLEX. TIME INTERVAL IS SAME FOR ALL BEATS.
SINUS TACHYCARDIA
EKG-REGULAR RHYTHM, RATE <60 BPM; P WAVE PRESENT AND UPRIGHT BEFORE EACH QRS COMPLEX. TIME INTERVAL IS SAME FOR ALL BEATS.
SINUS BRADYCARDIA
EKG-SHOWS MORE P WAVES THEN QRS COMPLEXES WITH NO ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE TWO. THE P-R INTERVAL IS VARIABLE AND THE QRS COMPLEXES ARE THE SAME AND REGULAR.
3RD DEGREE AV BLOCK OR COMPLETE HEART BLOCK
RESPIRATORY DISTURBANCE INDEX (RDI) IS A MEASUREMENT OF WHAT?
THE NUMBER OF APNEA AND HYPOPNEAS PER HOUR OF TOTAL SLEEP TIME AS DETERMINED BY ALL- NIGHT POLYSOMNOGRAPHY.
INFANT BREATHING PATTERN THAT ALTERNATES REGULAR BREATHING WITH 5-10 SECONDS OF APNEA.
PERIODIC BREATHING
DEFINE APNEA
CESSATION OF AIRFLOW AT THE NOSTRILS AND MOUTH LASTING AT LEAST 10 SECONDS
THE # OF APNEAS (OBSTRUCTIVE, CENTRAL, MIXED) PLUS HYPOPNEAS PER HOUR OF TOTAL SLEEP TIME AS DETERMINED BY ALL-NIGHT POLYSOMNOGRAPHY.
RESPIRATORY DISTURBANCE INDEX (RDI)
A COMPLAINT OF MORNING HEADACHES ASSOCIATED WITH SEVERE SLEEP APNEA IS A RESULT OF WHAT?
SEVERE OXYGEN DESATURATION AND HYPERCAPNIA.
WHAT INITIAL EFFECT DOES ADMINISTERING SUPPLEMENT OXYGEN HAVE ON THE OSA PATIENT?
A SIGNIFICANT INCREASE IN APNEA DURATION WITH ASSOCIATED HYPERCAPNIA AND RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS
A CESSATION OF BREATHING, CHARACTERIZED BY AN ABSENCE OF BOTH ARIFLOW AND RESPIRATORY EFFORT.
CENTRAL APNEA
RAPID DEEP BREATHING, RESULTING IN REDUCED LEVELS OF CO2 IN THE BLOOD.
HYPERVENTILATION
INSUFFICIENT BREATHING VOLUMES, RESULTING IN INCREASED LEVELS OF CO2 IN THE BLOOD.
HYPOVENTILATION
ABNORMALLY LOW BLOOD OXYGEN SATURATION LEVEL.
HYPOXEMIA
A CESSATION OF BREATHING CAUSED BY UPPER AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION.
OBSTRUCTIVE APNEA
MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF AIR THE LUNGS CAN CONTAIN.
TOTAL LUNG CAPACITY
BREATHING PATTERN CHARACTERIZED BY RHYTHMIC WAXING AND WANING OF THE DEPTH OF RESPIRATION, WITH REGULARLY RECURRING PERIODS OF APNEAS.
CHEYNE-STOKES RESPIRATION
NORMAL ARTERIAL pCO2 VALUE
35-45 mmHg
NORMAL ARTERIAL pO2
80-100 mmHg
WHAT IS THE MAJOR CAUSE OF HYPOVENTILATION AND DECREASED VENTILATION RESPONSE TO CHEMICAL RESPONSE DURING SLEEP.
INCREASED AIRWAY RESISTENCE
PARADOXICAL BREATHING
THE THORAX AND ABDOMEN MOVE IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION
WHAT MONTAGE IS GENERALLY USED FOR THE MSLT
THE CORE CHANNELS; 2 EOG, 4 EEG, CHEIN EMG, EKG
HOW IS THE MEAN SLEEP LATENCY CALCULATED?
SUM OF ALL THE SLEEP LATENCIES FOR EACH NAP; IVIDED BY THE TOTAL NUMBER OF NAPS PERFORMED
HOW IS THE MEDIAN SLEEP LATENCY CALCULATED?
ALIGN ALL SLEEP LATENCIES IN NUMERIC ORDER. 5 NAP:SELECT THE 3RD #, 4 NAPS:+ 2ND & 3RD #'S & DIVIDE BY 2
HOW IS THE MEAN REM LATENCY CALCULATED?
SUM OF ALL REM LATENCIES, DIVIDED BY THE # OF REM PERIODS THAT OCCURRED
HOW FREQUENT ARE THE NAPS SCHEDULED DURING THE MSLT?
EVERY 2 HOURS
THIS SLEEP TEST IS USED IN THE ASESSMENT AND DIAGNOSIS OF DISORDERS OF EXCESSIVE SOMNOLENCE AND TO EVALUATE DAYTIME SLEEPINESS IN RELATION TO VARIOUS THERAPEUTIC OR EXPERIMENTAL MANIPULATIONS:
THE MULTIPLE SLEEP LATENCY TEST (MSLT)
HOW MANY MINUTES AFTER LIGHTS OUT (IF NO SLEEP IS SEEN) IS THE STANDARD MSLT TERMINATED?
20 MINUTES
IN ORDER TO ASSESS THE OCCURRENCE OF REM SLEEP DURING THE MSLT, THE TEST SHOULD CONTINUE FOR HOW LONG AFTER THE FIRST EPOCH OF SLEEP?
15 MINUTES
WHEN DOES SLEEP ONSET OCCUR WHEN SCORING AN MSLT?
THE TIME FROM LIGHTS OUT TO THE FIRST EPOCH SCORED AS SLEEP
EKG CHANNEL SHOWS REGULAR RHYTHM, RATE 60-100 BPM: P WAVE PRESENT AND UPRIGHT BEFORE EACH QRS COMPLEX. TIME INTERVAL IS SAME FOR ALL BEATS
NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM
EKG-REGULAR RHYTHM, RATE>100 BPM (SELDOM>150); P WAVES PRESENT AND UPRIGHT BEFORE EACH QRS COMPLEX. TIME INTERVAL IS SAME FOR ALL BEATS.
SINUS TACHYCARDIA
EKG-REGULAR RHYTHM, RATE <60 BPM; P WAVE PRESENT AND UPRIGHT BEFORE EACH QRS COMPLEX. TIME INTERVAL IS SAME FOR ALL BEATS.
SINUS BRADYCARDIA
EKG-SHOWS MORE P WAVES THEN QRS COMPLEXES WITH NO ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THE TWO. THE P-R INTERVAL IS VARIABLE AND THE QRS COMPLEXES ARE THE SAME AND REGULAR.
3RD DEGREE AV BLOCK OR COMPLETE HEART BLOCK
RESPIRATORY DISTURBANCE INDEX (RDI) IS A MEASUREMENT OF WHAT?
THE NUMBER OF APNEA AND HYPOPNEAS PER HOUR OF TOTAL SLEEP TIME AS DETERMINED BY ALL- NIGHT POLYSOMNOGRAPHY.
INFANT BREATHING PATTERN THAT ALTERNATES REGULAR BREATHING WITH 5-10 SECONDS OF APNEA.
PERIODIC BREATHING
IMAGING STUDY THAT ALLOWS FOR THE OBSERVATION OF ANATOMIC CHANGES IN THE UPPER AIRWAY DURING VENTILATION.
VIDEO FLUOROSCOPY OF THE PHARYNX
SLEEP STUDY MONITORING REVEALS EPSISODES OF SHALLOW BREATHING OF 10 SEC. OR LONGER WITH DECREASES IN O2 SATURATION, ASSOCIATED EEG AROUSAL, AND INCEREASED CO2 LEVELS. PATIENT ALSO HAS A REDUCED RESPONSE TO HYPERCAPNIA OR HYPOXIA DURING WAKE AND SLEEP.
SLEEP RELATED HYPOVENTILATION-HYPOXEMIC SYNDROME
DYSRHYTHMIC BREATHING
NON-RHYTHMIC RESPIRATION WITH IRREGULAR RATE, RHYTHM AND AMPLITUDE DURING WAKE WITH OR WITHOUT O2 DESATURATION THAT WORSENS DURING SLEEP
ARE NEWBORNS AND INFANTS OBLIGATORY NASAL BREATHERS OR MOUTH BREATHERS?
NASAL BREATHERS
PARADOXICAL BREATHING IS NOTED IN NEONATES OR INFANTS?
NEONATES
WHAT IS THE DIFINITION OF PERIODIC BREATHING?
MINIMUM OF 3 CENTRAL EVENTS LASTING LESS THAN 4 SECONDS WITHIN 20 SECONDS OF EACH OTHER
PERIODIC BREATHING IN THE NORMAL INFANT MOST COMMONLY OCCURS IN ACTIVE OR QUIET SLEEP?
ACTIVE SLEEP
A PERSON'S MAXIMUM BREATHING ABILITY.
VITAL CAPACITY
THE CONTENT OF AIR REMAINING IN THE LUNGS AT THE END OF NORMAL EXPIRATION.
FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY
INCREASED RESISTANCE OF THE UPPER AIRWAYS SECONDARY TO BLOCKAGE OF ONE NASAL ORIFICE RESTRICTS VENTIALTION MORE SEVERELY IN REM OR NREM
REM
SPWSP?
STAGING, PARAMETERS 10-20, WAVEFORMS, SIGNAL PROCESSING
A PATIENT CAN BECOME THE PATHWAY OF LEAST RESISTANCE, AND THEREFORE SUSCEPTIBLE OT SHOCK WHEN WHAT OCCURS?
WHEN NOT ALL THE EQUIPMENT ATTACHED TO THE PATIENT IS CONNECTED TO A COMMON GRAOUND.
WHAT EQUATION BEST EXPRESSES TIME CONSTANT?
TC=C X R
TC=TIME CONSTANT
C=CAPACITANCE
R=RESISTANCE
IMPEDENCES GREATER THAN 10,000 OHMS, ALLOWS FOR GREATER POTENTIAL OF ELCTRODE IMBALANCE AND APPEARANCE OF WHAT IN THE RECORDED SIGNAL.
60 Hz INTERFERENCE
IF THE CIRCUMFERENCE MEASUREMENT OF THE HEAD IS 60 CM, WHAT IS THE DISTANCE OF T4 ELECTRODE FROM THE Fp2 ELECTRODE?
12 CM
WHAT IS THE MINIMUM PAPER SPEED RECOMMENDED TO ALLOW CLEAR VISUAL RESOLUTION OF ALPHA AND SLEEP SPINDLES?
10 MM/SEC
WHAT SLEEP STAGE: LOW VOLTAGE MIXED FREQUENCY EEG WITH PROMINENCE FO ACTIVITY 2-7 CPS RANGE, SLOW EYE MOVEMENT, TENDS TO BE RELATIVELY SHORT, RANGING FROM 1-7 MINUTES.
STAGE 1
THE AMPLTITUDE OF THE WAVEFORM IS OCCASIONALLY AS HIGH AS 200 uV.
VERTEX SHARP WAVE
THE TOTAL DURATION OF THE WAVEFORM SHOULD EXCEED 0.5 SEC WITH A WELL DELINEATED NEGATIVE SHARP WAVE FOLLOWED BY A POSITIVE COMPONENT.
K COMPLEX
WHAT SLEEP STAGE REQUIRES AT LEAST 20% BUT NOT MORE THAN 50% OF THE EPOCH TO CONSIST OF WAVES OF 2 CPS OR SLOWER WITH AMPLITUDES GREATER THEN 75 uV FROM PEAK TO PEAK
STAGE 3
ALPHA ACTIVITY IN STAGE REM SLEEP IS HOW MANY CPS SLOWER THAN DURING WAKEFULNESS?
1-2 CPS SLOWER
HOW ARE EYE MOVEMENT RECORDED?
THERE IS A SMALL ELECTROPOTENTIAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE CORNEA (+) AND THE RETINA (-). AN ELECTRODE CLOSEST TO THE CORNEA WILL REGISTER A (+) DEFLECTION; ELECTRODE CLOSEST TO THE RETINA WILL REGISTER A (-) DEFLECTION.
LIST THE 4 SKULL LANDMARKS USED IN THE 10-20 SYSTEM OF ELECTRODE PLACEMENT
NASION, INION, RIGHT PREAURICULAR, AND LEFT PREAURICULAR
THE DEGREE TO WHICH AN AMPLIFIER WILL REJECT A COMMON MODE SIGNAL IS EXPRESSED AS WHAT?
COMMON MODE REJECTION RATIO
NREM SLEEP IN THE INFANT IS KNOWN AS?
QUIET SLEEP
REM SLEEP IN THE INFANT IS KNOW AS?
ACTIVE SLEEP
OTHER THAN THE EEG RECORDING, WHAT ELSE IS USED TO DIFFERENTIATE THE SLEEP STAGES IN THE INFANT?
OBSERVED BEHAVIORS AND MOVEMENT PATTERNS?
AT WHAT AGE DO SLEEP SPINDLES APPEAR IN THE INFANT?
THEY APPEAR AT 4 WEEKS OF AGE, DEVELOP RAPIDLY THROUGH 8 WEEKS OF AGE, AND CLEARLY CHARACTERIZE NREM SLEEP BY 3 MONTHS OF AGE
AN EPOCH THAT DOES NOT MEET CRITERIA FOR ACTIVE OR QUIET SLEEP IS CALLED WHAT?
INTERMEDIATE SLEEP
TRACE ALTERNANT PATTERN IS ASSOCIATED WITH WHAT STAGE OF SLEEP IN THE INFANT?
QUIET SLEEP