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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
li4
To rule over, to control.
中國
zhong1guo2
The central states [does not mean China yet].
fu3
To stroke, to pat; to pacify, to soothe.

This verb is frequently used as a euphemism for the suppression of “barbarian” peoples.
四夷
si4yi2
The Barbarian tribes in all four directions (general term for barbarian tribes on all sides).
yuan2
To follow along, to climb.
zai1
Disaster.
di2
To oppose, to withstand; enemy, opponent.
ji2
To assemble, to gather together; a literary collection.

Here used adverbially, “collectively,” “all together.”
其一
qi2yi1
One of them.

This is idiomatic enough for the meaning to be not immediately apparent – but it still makes sense literally: “their one.”
shi1
To extend, to supply.
shi4
Officials, office-holders.
ye3
Wilderness, country, fields.
shang1
Merchants.
luu3
To travel; traveler.
fu4
To hurry to, to rush to, to head towards.
su4
To lodge a complaint about.

This is a different version of the character 訴.
hun1
Stupid, muddle-headed.
min3
Clever, quick-witted.
shi4
To try, to test.
heng2
Constant, regular, reliable.
fang4
*1. Dissipated, unrestrained.
2. To release, to let go.
chi3
Extravagant, wasteful [behavior].
xian4
To sink into, to fall into.
wang3
Net; to trap, to catch in a net

Used for 網.
是故
shi4gu4
For this reason . . .
yang3
To look up.

Here, part of a sentence pattern; see 27.7.
fu3
To look down.

Here, part of a sentence pattern; see 27.9.
仰俯
yang3fu3
On the one hand . . . on the other hand (see 27.10).
bao3
To be full (from eating).
jiu4
To rescue, to save.

Note that 救死 has the idiomatic meaning “save from death.”
shan4
To be sufficient.
xia4
Free time, leisure.
he2
[Fusion of 何 and 不 in rhetorical question:] “Why not . . .?”

However, sometimes writers use it interchangeably with 蓋 (434-2).