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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1865-1914
growth of cities due to immigrants looking for better life
"new immigrant"
unskilled, poor, catholics, or jewish from eastern southern europe
ellis island
port of entry for european immigrants
angel island
port of entry for asian immigrants in S.F.
nativism
prejudice aganist immigrants
chinese exclusion act
law that did not allow chinese immigrants into U.S.
tenement housing
cheap dangerous apartments that poor immigrants lived in
gilded age
america was golden on outside and rotten in the middle
assimilation
used on native americans it means to adopt white culture
dawes act
made indinas adopt the white style of taking owning land
homestead act
gave 160 acres to anyone who wroks land for 5 years
exodusters
black americans who left the south to claim land and become farmers in the midwest
jim crow laws
laws that kept black and whites segregated
3 ways blacks were kept from voting
1. poll tax
2. literacy test
3. grandfather clause
booker t. washington
tuskegee institute/believed black should go to vo techs
W.E.B. Du Bois
believed blacks should get liberall arts degrees
Plessy v. Ferguson
seperate but equal
gold standard
belief tha nationwide currency should be in gold not paper money
pendleton civil service act
stopped corrupt hiring in the government. made applicants take civil service exam
populist party
political grass roots party in 1892
muckraker
writers that exposed corrupt politicians and businessman
upton sinclair
wrote the jungle about the meat businesses
4 new election rules
1. direct primary
2. initiative
3. referendum
4. recall
19th amendment
gave women the righ to vote
square deal
theodore roosevelt's progressive plan
meat inspection act
square deal plan to regulate meat industry (the jungle)
pure food and drug act
TRUTH IN LABELING on food products
16th amendment
gave gov. power to use income tax
18th amendment
outlawed consumption or slae of alcoholic beverages
imperialism
when strong nations take over weaker countries to get something from them
alfred t. mahan
wrote "the influence of sea power upon history" he wanted strong navy
social darwinism
belief that certain races are superior to others
3 reasons for start of spanish american war
1. yellow press
2. delome letter
3. sinking of USS maine
john hay
open door policy-wanted china open to trade
platt amendment
gave US control or protectorate of cuba after spanish american war
"big sticlk" diplomacy
teddy roosevelts plan to be the police of latin america
roosevelt corollary
US plan to keep europe out of western hemipshere
panama canal
canal that connected pacific and alantic oceans
pancho villa
mexican bandit who was chased by general pershing throughtout mexico