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67 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anem
wind

"anemometer" - an instrument for measuring air velocity
aren
sand
"arenaceous" - resembling or containing sand
bar
pressure, weight

"barometer" - an instrument that is used to measure atmospheric pressure
bath
deep

"bathythermograph" - a record of temperature as a function of depth in the ocean
bio
life

"biology" - from Greek bios "life" + logia "study of"
byss
bottom, depth

deep "abyss" - chasm with no apparent bottom
caust, caut
to burn

"caustic" - capable of destroying the texture of anything or eating away its substance by chemical action; burning; corrosive
celer
fast

"accellerometer" - a seismometer with response linearly proportional to the acceleration of earth materials with which it is in contact
chlor
green

"chlorophane" - a variety of fluorite that exhibits bright-green phosphorescent light if heated
chron
time [chronology]
crypt
hidden

"cryptocrystalline" -state of matter in which there is actually orderly arrangement of atoms characteristic of crystals but in units so small (material is so fine grained) that crystalline nature cannot be determined with an ordinary microscope
dactyl
finger

"dactylitic" - a type of rock texture produced by a crytal intergrowth, in which one mineral is penetrated by fingerlike projections from another mineral
dyn, dynam
power

"dynamometer" - appliance used in engineering to measure power
enigm
puzzle [enigma]
etym
true

"etymologist" - a person studying the true origin of words
flu, flux
flow

"flume" - an artificial inclined channel used for conveying water for industrial purposes
fug
to flee [centrifugal]
funct
perform [defunct]
glac
ice

"glaciology" - the study of all aspects of snow and ice; the science that treats quantitatively the whole range of processes associated with all forms of solid existing water
gon
angle, corner

"goniometer" - in crystallography, an instrument for measuring angles between crystal faces
grad, gress
to step

"gradient" - the inclination of profile gradeline from the horizontal, expressed as a percentage
gram, graph
to write [seismogram]
grav
to weigh, heavy [gravity]
heli
sun

"heliolite" - A whitish to reddish-gray mineral with internal yellowish or reddish firelike reflections; also called sunstone
hydr
water

"hydrostatic" - relating to the pressure or equilibrium of fluids
juven
young

"juvenile" - a term applied to water and gases that are known to have been derived directly from magma and are thought to have come to the Earth's surface for the first time
juxta
next to, beside [justaposition]
later
side

"lateral" moraine - ridge of till along edge of valley glacier. Composed largely of material fallen to glacier from valley walls
lev
not heavy, to arise

"levee" - bank of sand and silt built by river during floods, where suspended load deposited in greatest quantity close to river
lith
stone

"lithology" - the character of a rock described in terms of its structure, color, mineral composition, grain size, and arrangement of its component parts; all those visible features that in the aggregate impart individuality to the rock
lumin
opening, light

"luminescence" - the emission of light by a substance that has received energy or electromagnetic radiation of a different wavelength from an external stimulus
mal
bad, badly

"malpais" - A term used in the Southwestern United States and Mexico for a region of rough and barren lava flows.
mar
sea

lunar "maria" - Dark-toned "seas" of moon marking topographically low areas
morph
form

"morphology" - the observation of the form of lands
naut
to sail

"astronaut" - star sailor
nov
new [innovation]
odont
tooth [odontosaurus]
onym
name [pseudonym]
opthalm
eye [opthalmic]
ornith
bird [ornithology]
oscill
to swing

"oscillation" - independent movement through a limited range, usually on a hinge
petr
rock

"petroleum" - oil from the rock (oleum = oil)
phil
love

"hydrophilic" - having a strong affinity for water
phot
light

"photogeology" - The identification, recording, and study of geologic features and structures by means of photography; specifically the geologic interpretation of aerial and space photographs and images
pseud
false, fake

"pseudogalena" - an alternate name for the mineral sphalerite, often mistaken for the mineral galena
pyr
fire

"pyrolysis" - chemical decomposition by the action of heat
rupt
break

"rupture" - breaking apart or state of being broken apart
rutil
red, orange

"rutile" - a dark reddish brown or lustrous black titanium dioxide mineral forming needle-shaped crystals
saur
lizard

"dinosaur" -Greek deinos "terrible" + sauros "lizard,"
scend, scens
climb [ascend]
schiz
split
scrib, script
write
taph
tomb
techn
art, skill [biotechnology]
tempor
time [temporaty]
ten
hold [tensile]
tox
poison [toxic]
ubiqu
everywhere [ubiquitous]
umbr
shade [umbrella]
veloc
fast [velocity]
ver
truth [veracity]
virid
green [viridescent]
xen
foreign, strange [xenolith]
xyl
wood [xylography]
zo
animal [zoology]
allo
other
lith
rock stone
[lithology]