Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/13

Click to flip

13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The _____________ were Rome's earliest written collection of laws. They were drawn up by the patricians in about 450 B.C. and became the foundation of Roman law.
Twelve Tables
The _________ was an area in ancient Rome where senators and citizens gathered to make decisions. It was the "center of life."
Forum
An elected leader of ancient Rome who represented the interests of the common people was called a/an ________.
tribune
__________ was the Roman general who defeated Hannibal in the battle of Zama. He was elected as consul.
Scipio
_________ was an ancient city on the north coast of Africa. Today, Tunisia is located there.
Carthage
A man who farmed, traded or made things for a living was called a/an ____________.
plebeian
A/an ____________ is a type of government in which the citizens elect representatives to speak or act for them.
republic
A/an __________ is a member of a Roman noble family.
patrician
________ was an historian of ancient Rome who wrote about the struggle between the plebeians and patricians.
Livy
The _________ were a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage (in the 200s B.C.) that led to Carthage's defeat and the expansion of the Roman empire.
Punic Wars
Note: they were called this because Carthage was once a colony of Phoenicia
_________ was a general from Carthage who marched his army from Spain to Rome during the Second Punic War.
Hannibal
The __________ was the law-making body and most powerful branch of ancient Rome's government. It was also the oldest.
Senate
The _________ were two elected officials in ancient Rome who commanded the army and were supreme judges. They were considered the third branch of government.
consuls