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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Italian Peninsula
Peninsula that looks like a boot and juts into the Mediterranrean Sea
Apennine Mountians
Mountians that run like a back bone down length of Italian Peninsula
Latins
People that settled along the Tiber River in small villages on 7 hills, herded and farmed, Ancestors of Romans
Rome
"City on Seven hills', founded by latins
Etruscans
People who controlled the Italian/Roman Penninsula at a time
Republic
"Thing of the people", government in Rome where some officials where chosen by the people to govern
Patricians
Members of the landowning upper class, 300 ran the Senate
Senate
Ran by 300 patricians who served life terms, most powerful governing body
Consuls
Two Patrician senators elected from their class who supervised the business of government and command armies, could only serve one term
Dictator
Ruler with complete control of a government, each Roman one was granted 6 months
Cincinnatus
A well respected Roman dictator who organized an army, returned home after many victorys after 16 days!
Plebeians
Farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders who took up majority of Roman pop.
Forum
Roman market place where the Laws of the Twelve Tables were set
Laws of the Twelve Tables
12 tablets that stated Roman law and were placed in the Roman Marketplace
Tribunes
Plebeians who were elected to protect their interests, could veto law seen harmful
Veto
To block a law from passing
Jupiter
The "high" god of the Romans
Juno
Jupiter''s wife who protected marriage
Neptune
Roman god of the Sea
Mars
Roman god of War
Legion
Basic unit in the Roman Military, composed of 5,000 men