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19 Cards in this Set

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Comitia curiata
-Organized by kinship/geographic location
-bestowed imperium on officers
-ended up being a rubber stamp assembly(electoral college)
Comitia centuriata
-based on military organization
-elected most significant officers
-served as court of appeals
Comitia tributa
-organized geographically
-later used for a lot of legislation
-appointed quaesters
Concillium plebis
-council of the plebians only
-leaders were tribunes
-gained force of law with lex Hortensia
Consuls
-chief officers of res publica
-2 of them: balance of power: 1 year limited; veto power
-responsible for maintaining pax deorum for the state
Dictator
appointed by consuls and senate in the state of an emergency
Censors
-compiled the census
-organized men into tribes and centuries
-very much respected b/c of this
Praetors
-could command an army
-act as a judge
-2 praetors: 1 foreign, 1 citizen
"Pray" to them b/c they deliver justice
-they PREY on others w/army
Aediles
-assist the tribunes
-odd jobs: sometimes acted as a police force
-jobs linked to provide for material well being of the people
Quaester
-at first assisted kings, then consuls
-handled treasury and taxes
K-sters...King, Konsuls
kings had a lot of money so quaesters had to?
Tribuni plebis
Powers:
1.intercessio: ability to veto acts of assemblies, magistrates, and the senate
2.sancrosanctitas: person was holy
3.ius auxilii: right to assist distressed plebeian
4.ius agendi cumple be: can call plebeians to assembly
ISIAIACB
curia (curiae)
-community of huts/neighbors
-made up comitia curiata
-basic unit of Roman structure
curiones
-leader of the local group of curiae
Contio
meeting, not a formal assembly
Decemvirate
-10 men
-met to codify and publish laws
-12 Tables: very strict and liberal use of capital punishment; evidence of legal classes (anti-plebeian)
Rex and interrex
-King: first to rule Rome (7 rexes)
-Interim king: king in between kingships so an election could be held
Senate: patres and conscripti
-an advisory and consultative body
-patres: heads of old Latin fams, clans, and their descendants
-conscripti: men added by Tarquins and maybe descendants of them: includes Etruscans, Sabines, and non-noble Latins
res publica
-"public thing"
-law is supreme overall citizens
-based on law and not the king's will
tribuni militum
tribunes of the infantry