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339 Cards in this Set

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Pedites
Infantry, backbone of the roman army. drawn from allied and sbuject ppl. hired as mercenaris from independent nations
legio
legion, the largest unit. 3600 menlight armed foot soldiers.
cohors
tenth of a legion, 360 men
manipulus
a third of a cohort, 120 me
centuria
the smallest unit. 60 men
levis armaturae pedites
light armed foot soldiers
funditores
slingers
sagittarii
bowmen, archers
equites
cabalry, served for pay,
ala
squad of 300 men in the cavalry
turma
30 men, onetenth of ala
decuria
ten me, one third of turma in the cavlary
calones
Slaves who performed menial tasks.
mercatores
traders who conducted ancteens outside the camp
muliones
muleteers who took care of the pack animals and the havey baggage
fabri
engineers or mechanics
exploratores and speculatores
scouts ans spies
dux
commanding officer or general, after first important victory he had a right to the imperato
imperato
commander in chief
legati
staff officers men of senatorial rank appointed by roman senate . served as evnoys and ambassadors on special missions
hiberna
winter quaters
quaestores
quater masters, handled pay, military equipment, and food supply
tribuni militum
lowest ranking commissioned officers, w/o previous military experience. appointed by politcal or personal reasons. commond of legion in camp or march, superviesed drills must and sicharge of soldiers
praefecti
command of auxiliaries of cavalry
decuriones
command of decuriae
tunica
short sleeved woolen undergarmet
sagum
woolen cloak for severe weather which could aslo serve as a blanket
caligae
leather sandals
lorica
breastplate
galea
hlmet
scutum
curved retangular shield
pilum
favelin
gladius
heavy two edged sword
frumentum
main food ration of legionary
aquila
eagle
signum
standard of cohort or maniple, also mounted on a ple
vexillum
banner or flag
prima acies
four cohorts at the front line, experienced. first to fight
secunda acies
three cohorts to relieve fron line soldiers
tertia acies
remaining three cogorts rese3rved as defense against attack from the rear
turba
straight instrument
cornu
curved instrument
prmum agmen
caguard, consisting of scouts, cavalry squads and light armed infantry men
agmen
main column of legionary troops
impedimenta
heavy baggae
Pedites
Infantry, backbone of the roman army. drawn from allied and sbuject ppl. hired as mercenaris from independent nations
legio
legion, the largest unit. 3600 menlight armed foot soldiers.
cohors
tenth of a legion, 360 men
manipulus
a third of a cohort, 120 me
centuria
the smallest unit. 60 men
levis armaturae pedites
light armed foot soldiers
funditores
slingers
sagittarii
bowmen, archers
equites
cabalry, served for pay,
ala
squad of 300 men in the cavalry
turma
30 men, onetenth of ala
decuria
ten me, one third of turma in the cavlary
calones
Slaves who performed menial tasks.
mercatores
traders who conducted ancteens outside the camp
muliones
muleteers who took care of the pack animals and the havey baggage
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
tabernacula
tents of soilders
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
aries
battering ram
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
scala
ladder
praetorum
general tent
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
tabernacula
tents of soilders
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
scala
ladder
castra
camp
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
tabernacula
tents of soilders
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
castra
camp
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
aries
battering ram
praetorum
general tent
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
tabernacula
tents of soilders
scala
ladder
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
castra
camp
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
scala
ladder
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
castra
camp
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
castra
camp
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
praetorum
general tent
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
tabernacula
tents of soilders
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
praetorum
general tent
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
tabernacula
tents of soilders
aries
battering ram
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
scala
ladder
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
aries
battering ram
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
aries
battering ram
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
praetorum
general tent
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
sarcina
personal pack of a soldiers
tabernacula
tents of soilders
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
castra
camp
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
aries
battering ram
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
castra
camp
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
praetorum
general tent
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
tabernacula
tents of soilders
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
scala
ladder
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
impeditus/ expeditus
expeditus in unencumbered
scala
ladder
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
castra
camp
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
iter/iter magnum
average days march 15, forced march 25 mi
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
castra
camp
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
fossa
ditch dug around the camp
agger
embankmetn from earth of the fossa
vallum
rampart defensive wall agger plus stogn stakes
praetorum
general tent
tabernacula
tents of soilders
prima, secunda tertia, and quarta vigilia
first watch6-9,9-12-12--3,3-6
oppugnatio/ obsidio
an attack
aries
battering ram
pluteus
small movable wooden screen
scala
ladder
testudo
protecctive screen formed by overlaping shields
turris ambulatoria
guge movable wooden tower
vinea
heavy movable shed
tomenta
artillery
b
ballista
machine for carrying heavy stone
scorpia
light catapult
navis longa
battle ship
rostrum
metal beak
trireme
vesslle w/ three banks of oars
navis oneraria
transbport slower than a battle ship