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20 Cards in this Set

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Means fire
Igneous
Igneous rock starts out as
Magma
granite, pumice, obsidon, basalt are all examples of
Igneous rocks
sedimentary rocks have layers of
sand and shells
___________are found in sedimentary rock because living organisms lived in or near water.
fossils
sandstone, shale, limestone, conglomerate
examples of sedimentary rocks
sedmentary rock is formed after a great deal of ________ is applied to the sand and shell layers.
pressure
Where would metamorphic rock form?
deep inside the earth
marble, slate, quartize, gneiss
examples of metamorphic rocks
Metamorphic means one rock will______________into another rock.
change
Layers of sand and shells only needs pressure to change to rock but in Metamorphic rock ____________and ________ caused it to change into a different rock.
heat and pressure
Shapes that most minerals are found in are _________________.
Crystals
Rocks have ___________minerals in them.
Many
Pyrite, fluorite, hematite, calcite are examples of_____________.
Minerals
Minerals are __________substance.
one
After an organism dies, what happens next in the steps to become a fossil?
The organism is buried by sediments.
Example of physical wearthering is______.
plant roots
Example of chemical wearthering is _____.
acid rain
Breaking apart of rocks is
weathering
The blowing or washing away of crumbled rock is ______________?
erosion