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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Inorganic or Organic

Minerals
Inorganic
The color of a mineral's powder is called this.
Steak
Hardest know mineral
Diamond
Rock that forms from the cooling of magma below the surface or lava at the surface is called this.
Igneous Rock
When all the grains in a rock are large and easy to see, the rock is described as this.
Coarse grained
Igneous rock that formed from lava that erupted onto Earth's surface is called this.
Extrusive rock
Softest mineral on the Mohs harness scale.
Talc
The most abundant intrusive rock in the continental crust is this
Granite
Heat and pressure deep beneath Earth's surface can change any rock into this type of rock
Metamorphic
The texture of a metamorphic rock that has grains arranged in parallel layer is described as this
Foliated
The splitting of a mineral along flat surfaces is a property called this
Cleavage
When the elements that form a mineral dissolve in hot water, they form a mixture called this.
A solution
A gemstone that is cut and polished is this
A Gem
An igneous rock formed from magma is called this
Intrusive Rock
Foliated and nonfoliated are terms used to describe this type of rock
Metamorphic
As layer upon layer of sediments are deposited, this process presses them together.
Compaction
Dissolved minerals and particles of sediment stick together to form sedimentary rock in a process called this.
Cementation
Gold is an example of this
Element
Chemical reactions, pressure, and this can cause sedimentary rock to change to metamorphic rock.
Heat
This occurs when sediment settles out of moving water
Deposition
Coal is an example of this type of sedimentary rock
Organic
The carrying away of rock fragments by water, wind, or ice is called this.
Erosion
Small, solid pieces of material that come from rocks or living things are called this
Sediment
Obsidian is this type of rock
Igneous
Granite is this type of rock
Igneous
Slate is this type of rock
Metamorphic
Shale is this type of rock
Sedimentary
Marble is this type of rock
Metamorphic
Gneiss is this type of rock
Metamorphic
The first type of rock to form in the rock cycle is this
Igneous
Rock or Mineral?


Pyrite
Mineral
Rock or Mineral?

Calcite
Mineral
Rock or Mineral?

schist
Rock
Rock or Mineral?

Graphite
Mineral
Rock or Mineral?

Conglomerate
Rock
Unscramble the term

kcro lccey
Rock Cycle
Unscramble the term

eeasmtiydr
Sedimentary
Unscramble the term

ooeiitpdns
Deposition
Density equals this
Mass/Volume
Extrusive rock formed from this
Lava
Erosion, deposition, compaction, and cementation create this type of rock
Sedimentary
The driving force for the rock cycle is this
Plate tectonics
This category of igneous rock is coarse grained because it cooled slowly
Intrusive
Shiny minerals, like galena and magnetite, have this type of luster
Metallic
A mineral that does not split apart evenly has this property
Fracture
Oceanic crust is made out of this type of rock
Basalt
The heat that changes rock into metamorphic rock comes from here
The mantle
Diamond has this type of luster
Glassy
Rock or mineral

Gypsum
Mineral
Rock or mineral

Sandstone
Rock
What does BTB test for?
Carbon dioxide
What does CO2 stand for?
Carbon dioxide
Know as current atmospheric conditions, including temperature, rainfall, wind, and humidity
Weather
General weather conditions
Climate
Worldwide averages are used to describe this
Global climate
What did you combine with the vinegar to make carbon dioxide?
Baking soda
What type of ecosystem do you live in?
Temperate forest
Carbon dioxide sink, source, or both

Animals
Source
Carbon dioxide sink, source, or both

Fossil fuels
Source
Carbon dioxide sink, source, or both

Plants
Both
Carbon dioxide sink, source, or both

Oceans
Sink
How many oxygen atoms are in one molecule of carbon dioxide?
2
Carbon dioxide sink, source, or both

Monkeys
Source
Anything that releases carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is known as this
Source
Plants take in carbon dioxide and turn it into food in a process know as this
Photosynthesis
True or False

Nitrogen is found only in non-living things
False
Most of the nitrogen found on Earth is located here
Atmosphere
What percent of Earth's atmosphere is make of Nitrogen
80%
Plants get the nitrogen they need from here
Soil
Animals get the nitrogen they need from here
Plants
Unscramble the term

eoingtnr
Nitrogen
Unscramble the term

eoepmtsahr
Atmosphere
Unscramble the term

eailctm
Climate
This part of the Earth does not experience seasons
Equator
This is the reason the Earth has seasons
Tilt of earth's axis