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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
color
a property used to describe rocks and minerals
mineral
a solid element or compound with a unique structure of atoms
rock
it is a natural solid Earth material that's made of one or more minerals
texture
the property used to describe the size, shape, and distribution of the mineral grains in a rock
sediment
small piece broken off a rock cdreated by wind, water, or ice, and carried to other locations
weathering
the process that causes minerals and rocks to become smaller
erosion
the process that m oves weathered materials from place to place
fossils
preserved remains or traces of once living organisms
sedimentary rock
formed when sedimentsw are deposited in layers pressed down and become fasted together
metamorphic rock
a pre-existing rock in which minerals are changed by great pressure and heat
pressure
a force that occurs when an object pushes on each other
igneous rock
formed when molten rock cools and hardens to a solid
lava
the flow of magma when it reaches the Earth's surfacde
magma
moten rock material found beneath the Earth's surface
cycle
a pattern of change that reoccurs through time