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95 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Other "Pop" Singers
Rosemary Clooney, Perry Como, Patti Page
Most Famous Pop Singers
Ella Fitzgerald, Bing Crosby, Frank Sinatra
Most important early american "pop" singer/writer
George Gershwin
Recording Types in Early America (Speeds)
78 rpm disc (3 minutes per side)
33 1/3 LP (23 minutes per side)
45 rpm disc (4 minute limit per side and stackable)
Dissemination of Popular Music:
Sheet Music and Recordings (45,78,33 1/3)
Gospel Music (African American Genres)
highly emotional evangelical vocal music which combined blues and the spirituals
3 Popular African American Genres
Blues, Jazz, *GOSPEL
2 Styles of Rhythm and Blues
Dancehall Band Style - Big Joe Turner "Shake, Rattle, Roll"

Jump Band Style - Louis Jordan "Saturday Nite Fishfry"
Jimmie Rodgers (1897-1933)
Father of Country Music
"In The Jailhouse Now"
Hillbilly Music
Gene Autry (1907-98)
Cowboy Song Artist
“Back in the Saddle”& “Rudolph Red Nose Reindeer”
Owned California Angels
2 Most Famous Cowboy Musicians
Gene Autry and Roy Rogers
Popular European American Genres (Hillbilly Music)
Western Swing, Bluegrass, and Honky Tonk
Honky Tonk Singers
Hank Williams and Ernest Tubb
The 3 New Orleans Sound Artists
Little Richard "Tutti Frutti"
Fats Domino "Aint That Shame"
Chubby Checker "The Twist"
The Chicago Sound
Chuck Berry
Bo Diddley-claims to be father of Rock & Roll
Father of Rock and Roll
"Little Richard" Penniman
Claims to be the father of Rock & Roll
Bo Diddley (b. 1928) “Who Do You Love”
The "Cover"
covering up all of the bad stuff in music "Long Tall Sally"
Pat Boone and Little Richard
4 causes of change and prosperity in the 1950's
1. Expansion of Middle Class
2. Availability of Household Conveniences
3. Medical Advances (polio vaccine)
4. Prominence of the Automobile
- Suburban living
- Shopping centers
- Interstate highways
* Decade that the first generation of teenagers that did not have to work to help support their families
Why the 1950's for Rock?
-->Influence of Teenagers (what 4 reasons)
- First that didn’t have to work to support the family
- Formation of consumer entity and social class
- Beginnings of the generation gap
- Disconnection from society
6 major recording industry lables?
Which was the oldest?
-Columbia (1885)
-RCA Victor (1901)
-Decca (1934)
-Capitol (1942)
-Mercury (1946)
-MGM (1946)
8 independent recording industry labels
-King (1945)
- Speciality (1945)
- Modern (1945)
-Sun (1953)
- Chess (1946)
-Atlantic (1947)
-Duke Peacock (1949)
- Imperial (1945)
3 measures of success
1. Billboard
2. Recording Industry Assoc America
3. Album Sales
4. Single Sales
Alan "Moondog" Freed
- WJW AM in Cleveland
- The Moondog House of Rock and Roll Party
- The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland
- WINS in New York City
-The Rock and Roll Show (1954) – first
Tape Delay Echo
recording of sound source on separate machine and then feeding it back into the master with a split second delay.
fast tempo rock and heavily influenced by R& B, honky tonk, and gospel
Sam Phillips
1. Rockability
2. Tape Delay Echo
3. Memphis, TN
Sam Phillips discoverd what artists?
1. B.B. King
2. Roy Oberson "Pretty Woman"
"The Million Dollar Quartet"
2. Elvis Preseley
3. Carl Perkins “Blue Suede Shoes”
4. Jerry Lee Lewis “Great Balls of Fire”
5. Johnny Cash “I Walk the Line”
"The Million Dollar Quartet"
1. Elvis Preseley
2. Carl Perkins “Blue Suede Shoes”
3. Jerry Lee Lewis “Great Balls of Fire”
4. Johnny Cash “I Walk the Line”
Other Rockability Legends
Buddy Holly and the Crickets
- "American Pie"
The Everly Brothers - "Wake up little suzy
Ritchie Valens - "Lobomba"
Schlock Rock Artists
1. Frankie Avalon “Venus”
2. Rick Nelson “Poor Little Fool”
3. Connie Francis “Who’s Sorry Now”
4. Paul Anka “Puppy Love”
5. The Righteous Brothers -“Unchained Melody-loving feeling”
6. Ben E. King “Stand By Me” – African American
Phil Spector
“The Wall of Sound”
Started Girls Groups with Wall of sound:
The Crystals “Da Doo Run Run”
The Shangri-Las – “Leader of the Pack”
The Ronettes – “Be My Baby”
The Chiffons “One Fine Day” and “He’s so Fine”
Dixie Cups – “Chapel of Love”

- On trial for killing his wife
- Created Mo-Town Sound
- Schrock Rock
Doo Wop
The male counterpart to girl groups
The Platters “The Great Pretender”
Phil Spector
Surf and Instrumental Rock
Dick Dale and the Del-tones “Miserlou”
The Safaris, “Wipe Out”
The Beach Boys “I Get Around” – * first garage band
Jan (Berry) and Dean (Torrance) – “Little Old Lady from Pasadena”
Motown Process
1. Finishing School
2. Dance Lessons
3. Stage Presence
4. Music Production
5. Record Distrbution
6. Talent Agents
7. Recruitment of Performers
Berry Gordy
(b.1929) – Music Business Genius
Ran with a tight fist
First Sign: Smokey Robinson
Largest African American held company in the United States?
Motown Records
Motown Artists
1. Smokey Robinson
2. Stevie Wonder
3. Jackson 5
4. Marvin Gaye
5. The Four Tops
6. The Temptations
7. The Supremes
8. Martha and the Vandellas
Berry Gordy thought thought they were better singers than the Supremes
Martha Reeves, Annette Beard, Rosalind Ashford
"Heatwave”and “Dancin in the Street”
Martha and The Vandellas
Jackson 5 - Name Them?
Most Famous Tune?
“ABC” (
Micheal, Marlon, Jermaine, Tito, and Jackie)
Berry Gordy – thought they could be the first great cross over group – black and white
The Supremes
The Supremes - Name the Singers
(Florence Wilson, Mary Ballard, Diana Ross) – “You keep me hanging on”
Gritty, In your face, **became intimately incorporated into the Civil Rights Movement??
What is Soul?
Rhythm and Blues merged with Gospel
Early Soul Performers:
Ray Charles Robinson
James Brown
Sam Cooke
Known as the “Godfather of Soul” and “Hardest Working man in Show Business”
Song: “Cold Sweat”
James Brown
Soul Means:
Self or Black Pride
Soul Food
Very close to where MLK died
Old, Old Movie Theater
STAX Records
- House Band at STAX Records
- Last Album 1970s
Booker T. and The Mg's
Stax Performers
1. Sam and Dave
2. Booker T. and the Mgs
3. Isaac Hayes
4. The Staple Singers
5. Otis Redding
6. Wilson Pickett
FAME Performers
Aretha Franklin
Percy Sledge
What 3 things made the Beatles so popular?
1. Constant appetite for growth and change
2. Innovations in popular music production – how they recorded their music
3. Creative competition of Lennon and McCartney
The Beatles (the first Modern Rock Band)
Ringo Starr, Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison
3 impacts on British Pop Culture
1. Influence of the BBC
2. Limited Record Labels – Decca and EMI
3. Importation of American Culture
Folk-like music influenced by the jug band music of the American rural south
Trad jazz
traditional New Orleans style jazz
Influence of Brian Epstein (1934-67)
Helped create the Beatles image and connected them with George Martin.
Told them to abandon teddy boy image
All 4 Beatles Records
Please Please Me - “Love Me Do”
A Hard Day’s Night – “Can’t Buy Me Love”
With the Beatles – “All My Loving”
Beatles for Sale = “Eight Days a Week”
The Experimental Future of the Beatles - who influenced it and what were the 4 albums?
Influence of Bob Dylan – introduced them to drugs
Help! (August 6. 1965) – “Yesterday”
Rubber Soul (December 4, 1965) – “Norwegian Wood” – Indian sitar
Sgt. Pepper Lonely Hearts Club Band – CONCEPT ALBUM – progression through songs that tell a story
Magical Mystery Tour – “I am the Walrus”
Progression through songs in an album that tell a story
Started driving each other crazy
“The Beatles” (a.k.a) the White Album – (November 22, 1968) – “Revolution”
Yellow Sumarine – released after the band broke up
Abbey Road – “Come Together”
Let it Be – released after they broke up
All went on to very successful solo careers
*Merged Film and Rock and Roll
The Who
Anti-Beatles image (bad boys of rock-n-roll) – satanic cult image
Charlie Watts, Keith Richards, Mick Jagger, and Ron Woods
The Rolling Stones
Pete Townshend, Keith Moon, John Entwhistle, and Roger Daltrey - started punk music
First taste of success and infamy – “My Generation” The Kids Are Alright
*Merged Film and Rock and Roll
The Who
The Who's 2 concept albums
Tommy and Quadraphenia
Summer of Love (1967) - What were the two festivals of signficance?
1. Human Be-In Festival
2. Monterey International Pop Festival - * Most Important
“The Hippie Generation”
If you wanted to be part of the movement or be a musician you had to live here?
Haight-Ashbury District (San Francisco, CA)
What 3 things brought about the disconent in the 1960's?
1. Questioning of middle class values
- “Keeping up with the Jones’s”
2. Civil Rights Movement
- Women’s and Minority Rights
3. Vietnam War
Timothy Leary
(1920-96) “Turn On, Tune In, Drop Out”
1. Pushed for the Recreational Use of Drugs - LSD, Marijuana, Acid – would make you smarter
2. FBI Wanted List – pushed for use of psychedelic drugs
What way did kids rebelled in the 1960s
“White Rabbit” – Grace Slick & Paul Canthur (Perfect hippie couple)- Associated with what Band?
Jefferson Airplane
(San Francisco) – David Crosby (Most Important) – Melissa Ethridge kids father - Funny Haircuts
The Byrds
(1942-70) – Seattle, Washington – was an Army Ranger parachuter
- **Got his start as a blues musician
- 3 Albums – rock classics – “Purple Haze” “Foxy Lady” – THE EXPERIENCE was his band
Jimi Hendrix
3 Most Famous Acts to come out of the Haight-
Ashbury District?
The Byrds, Jefferson Airplane, and Jimi Hendrix
(b.1948) “Journey to the Center of the Mind”
The Amboy Dukes (Detriot)
Now opposes drug use
Ted Nugent
5 Most Important Acid Rock (Psychedelic) Bands?
E. The Grateful Dead
D. The Amboy Dukes (Detriot)
C. Jefferson Airplane
B. The Byrds
A. Jimi Hendrix
Acid Rock Culminates into what event in 1969?
Woodstock August 15-17, 1969 Upstate New York
500,000 - 700,000 People
Psychedelic, Los Angeles, and the Club Scene on Sunset Strip

Whisky –A- Go-Go Club...Who were the most famous bands?
- Red Hot Chili Peppers
- Buffalo Springfield
- The Mamas and The Papas “California Dreamin’”
- The Doors
Folk Music Peformers
Simon and Garfunkel
The Byrds
Richie Havens
* Bob Dylan
Style of rock characterized by lots of distortion, high volumes, and power chords
- use of repetitive riffs in the guitar
-lead guitar, bass, drums, and vocalist
Heavy Metal/Hard Rock
Hard Rock Song Themes
- Death
- Occult – satanic
- Mythology
- Sexual Conquest
- Drugs
- Misogyny - forced denegation of someone’s sexuality (sex, orientation, men hate women)
“You Really Got Me” – Michael Anthony, Sammy Hagar, Eddie & Alex Van Halen or David Lee Roth – Discovered by Kiss
Van Halen
English and American Hard Rock/Heavy Metal Bands (6)
1. Black Sabbath – “Paranoid” –Ozzy Osbourne – first heavy metal band
2. Led Zeppelin – “Whole Lotta Love” – 75 % of their tunes are for acoustic guitar, next electric, blues band, surpassed Beatles as No. 1 selling band
3. Alice Cooper ”School’s Out”
4. Aerosmith “Dream On” - ballad
5. KISS “Detroit Rock City”
6. Van Halen
American vs. British Performances
British Bands– Performed in Clubs
American Bands– Stadium Performances
*album came before the movie
1. Wonderful animation
2. Pink was played by Bob Geldof – organizer of Live Aid
"Pink Floyd The Wall"
3 Art/Progressive Rock
1. Procul Harum: “Whiter Shade of Pale”
2. The Moody Blues: “Nights in White Satin”
3. Pink Floyd- started in height-ashbury district – LSD scene
4 most famous southern rock bands?
1. Lynyrd Skynyrd – “Sweet Home Alabama”
2. Allman Brothers- “ Ramblin Man”
3. Z.Z. Top – “LaGrange”
4. Molly Hatchet – “Flirtin with Disaster”
What 4 Things led to the Declining popularity of soul along with the ascension of white-dominated rock styles
- Motown and Stax and their declining market share
- Waning careers of James Brown, Aretha Franklin, and Sam and Dave
- End of Civil Rights Era
- Unwillingness of radio and record companies to produce confrontational music
4 most important bands in Soft Soul Romantic (Philly Sound)
The O’Jays – “Love Train” and “For the Love of Money”
The Spinners – “Then Came You”
Al Green – “Let’s Stay Together”
Barry White – “Can’t Get Enough” and “My First, My Last, My Everything”
7 Funk Artists
1. James Brown – The Hardest Working Man in Show Business – “Get Up (I feel like a sex machine)”
2. George Clinton – “Tear the Roof of the Sucker” – Parliament Band
3. Sly and the Family Stone – “Thank You” (Falettinme be Mice Elf Agin)
4. Kool and the Gang – “Jungle Boogie”
5. The Ohio Players – “Fire” and “Love Rollercoaster”
6. The Commodores (Lionel Ritchie) – “Brick House”
7. Isaac Hayes – “Theme from Shaft” – became leading composer in Hollywood
Accentuation of the grove, which comes from the BASS player…gritty, in your face...type of music
3 Rastifariarn Beliefs:
1. Music for social and political protest
2. Smoking of Ganja as a sacramental herb (pot)
3. The wearing of locks, mistakenly referred to as dreadlocks
Burru + dance hall culture + toasting =
Rap - Raggae musical style
Rastafari Culture
Ras – ethopian word for Duke or – coming of Christ
*Movement whose followers believe they will be repatriated to their African homeland and escape Babylon (metaphor fro the New World)
Emperor Haile Selassie I – died in 1975 – very humble guy