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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was one reason parents agreed to child labor?
Parents needed the money earned by the children
Name the natural resources that gave Britain an advantage during the Industrial Revolution.
coal and iron
Why did employers prefer women workers to men?
Women workers could be paid less than men workers.
This invention made it possible for the growth of railroads.
the steam locomotive
Name the British industry that the Industrial Revolution first take place?
What was one result of the Industrial Revolution?
High concentration of workers in urban areas
What is the movement of people from the country to the city called?
What conditions during the Industrial Revolution supported Karl Marx's ideas?
There were few wealthy business people while the majority of people were poor.
What helped the British farmers increase food production during the 1700's?
improvement in farm machinery
What became an important source of power for the Industrial Revolution?
The steam engine
Robideaux SS 9
Chapter 7
cut apart and study
Industrialization in the textile industry resulted in
the establishment of factories
Since the late 1700's, technological innovations during the Industrial Revolution such ass the steam engind have affected daily life by-
increasing industrial efficiency
What is a true statement regarding workers in mines and factories during the early Industrial Revolution?
Their working conditions were dangerous and inhumane
The Industrial Revolution began in the 18th century as a result of technological innovations in the production of cotton cloth. Which major change in the economies of Europe and the United States was set in motion by this development?
an increasing portion of the work force engaged in manufacturing
The change from an agricultural to an industrial society required
enough natural resources to supply the factory
Why were young women and children hired to work in mines, mills and factories?
They worked for less money than men
What condition is most necessary t the process of industrialization in a society?
availability of investment capital (money)
What were some of the factors in the development of the Industrial Revolution in Britian?
Increasing crop yields and improvements in mass production
The shift of the population from rural to urban areas
A series of technological advances
People moving to the country in search of work WAS NOT a factor.
What industry saw the earliest benefit of innovations during the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain?
The textile industry
One feature of Great Britain that gave it an advantage over other countries in industrializing earlier was
accessible deposits of raw materials like coal and iron
What is a good description o fthe Industrial Revolution?
The acceleration of technical and economic development that began in Britain around 1750.
The needs of the Industrial Revolution in 19th century Europe greatly contributed to the
growth of overseas empires.
The economic theory of laissez-faire capitalism proposes that
governments should not interfere with business
What is the economic system where private individuals own businesses?
What is another name for the working class?
What was life like before the Industrial revolution
1. People knew little about life outside their village or farm.
2. People lived mostly on farms.
3. People made their own clothes and grew their own food.
4. They lived simple lights in farms that were lit by candles and firelight.
Early in the Industrial Revolution, working class women
worked 12 or more hours a day outside the home
What type of labor did factories often use because these people were quick moving and able to fit into narrow places
child labor
What is another name for wealth or resources to invest in businesses
What is the unregulated exchange of goods and services?
free market
People as a whole rather than private individuals would own and operate businesses.
The movement of people to cities
The theory that government should not interfere with business affairs
What were formed because people wanted better wages, working hours and working conditions?
labor unions
Multistory buildings divided into crowded apartments
How did transportation imporve in the early 1800's?
steam engines
Why did large numbers of people migrate from farms to cities?
more job opportunities
poor farmers were forced off their land
needed labor force in the cities
Explain four effects of industrialization on living and working conditions for the early industrial working class that moved to the new industrial towns of 19th century Britain.
1.slum like living conditions
2. tenement housing
3. disease spread easily
4. child labor used in factories
5. working conditions were unsafe, unsanitary, noisy, polluted
6. low wages, long hours
7. people could easily be hurt or killed when trapped by machinery
Give three reasons why the Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain?
stable government
strong navy
natural resoureces (coal and iron)