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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What was the role of government in economic matters according to the theory of Social Darwinism?
Government should follow a laissez faire policy
laissez faire (stay out of economic matters --hands off)
What was a development which reflected a growing discontent among workers?
an increased interest in the labor movement
The building of the transcontinental railroad affected American life how?
The railroad lowered shipping costs for businesses
What was a factor that forced factory workers to endure harsh conditions in the late 1800s?
an ample supply of available workers
What happened to immigrants and other laborers who lived and worked in urban centers during the late 1800s and early 1900s?
They fell victim to unsafe working conditions, long hours, low pay, and disease.
Between 1860 and 1900 there was a dramatic shift in population as thousands of -------
immigrants came to the industrial centers of the United States
A large number of people migrated from Europe to the United States in the late 19th century. What was a factor that contributed to this?
Industrialization in the United States attracted laborers from Europe.
What was a factor that attracted many immigrants to the United States?
the promise of land through grants
Name one way rail improvements help businesses that shipped goods?
reduced the cost of shipping
What happened to many Native American nations as American settlers moved west in search of land?
the Native American nations were destroyed
What was formed by discontented factory workers due to the growing economic differences among the wealthy?
labor unions
What did politicians do under the spoils system?
gave friends government jobs
What were 3 things which made it possible for the rapid industrial growth of the late 1800s?
a technological revolution
financial investments
improved transportation systems
What was one effect of industrialization in the United States in the late 19th century?
an increase in urbanization
How did captains of industry help the nation?
creating jobs
donating to charities
founding universities
How did industrial growth affect the distribution of wealth in America?
It led to a concentration of wealth in the hands of a few industrialists
How did the United States become a predominately urban society?
It was one result of immigration in the late 1800s and 1900s.
Henry Ford's development of this was a significant contribution to the industrialization of the United States.
electric powered vehicles
What was the major argument used by labor union leaders against immigrants in the late 19th century?
They argued that immigrants took jobs from United States citizens.
What was a consequence of discrimination of many Native Americans by people of European ancestry?
Native Americans were displaced from their homelands.
Which geographic factor had the greatest influence on early patterns of industrialization in the United States?
availability of waterpower to operate machines
Why did the middle class grow during the late 1800s?
The middle class grew in the United States due to industrialization.
Why did the United States place few restrictions on immigration during the early 1800s?
the industrial economy was creating new jobs.
What did the 19th-century philosophy of Social Darwinism believe?
economic success comes to those who are the hardest working and most competent.
What did the government commitment to the principles of laissez-faire capitalism during the second half of the 19th century contribute to?
economic domination by business trusts
What is the best definition to describe the term business monopoly?
a company that controls or dominates an industry
Why was the Homestead Act an important in the growth of the West?
It encouraged settlement of the Great Plains.
a process by which a country's population moves from a rural to an urban society. moving from the country to the city
urbanization