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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What was the purpose of the 15th Amendment?
It granted black men the right to vote
Unlike the South, the North in 1860
was becoming a thriving industrial society
In the Dred Scott V. Sanford court case, what did the Supreme Court decide?
African Americans were property and inferior, therefore they were not citizens.
At the beginning, President Lincoln said that the Civil War was being fought to
preserve the Union.
What is a statement that would probably be made by a southerner?
"Let the states agree to separate and part in peace."
The Dred Scott decision protectedf the rights of
slave owners
White southerners began to enact laws under Johnson's Reconstruction plan that
restricted the rights of African Americans
The southern viewpoint on the issue of slavery was upheld by the Dred Scott decision. It said
Congress could not pass a law depriving territorial residents of their property.
What did the Fourteenth Amendment state?
It established legal black codes to protect freeman's rights
During Reconstruction, the goal of the Ku Klux Klan was
to intimidate African Americans
Robideaux 10
Chapter 6
cut apart and study
Why did the Dred Scott decision anger northerners?
It allowd slavery in all territories
Black Codes were used to
intimidate African Americans so southerners could keep control
What was the legal principle established by the Plessy v. Ferguson case?
Separate but equal
During the post Civil War Era, Jim Crow laws were put in place by state and local governments as an attempt
to restrict the freedoms of African Americans and Native American Indians
If the 13th Amendment abolished slavery, why was the 14th Amendment ncessary?
It granted citizenship to all persons born in the United States, including former slaves, and guarenteed right of citizens.
"Although important strides were made, Reconstruction failed to provide lasting guarentees of the civil rights of freedmen." What is evidence of this?
passage of Jim Crow laws in the latter part of the 19th century.
The Jim Crow laws, upheld by the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), provided for
separate public facilities based on race.
The 18th amendment provided that no "state (shal) deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of laws." A direct result of this amendment was that
the guarentees of the Bill of Right were applied to state actions
The Jim Crow legal system, which expanded in the South after Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), was based on the Supreme Court's interpretation of the
states' rights provision of the 10th Amendment
Even after the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, African Americans continued to experience political and economic oppression mainly because
Southern legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws.
After Reconstruction ended in 1877, how were many African Americans in the South affected?
Jim Crow laws placed major restrictions on their rights.
The actions of the Ku Klux Klan, the poll tax, and the literacy test, were all attempts to limit the effectiveness of
the 14th and 15th amendments
How were many African Americans in the South affected after Reconstruction ended in 1877?
Jim Crow laws placed major restrictions on their rights.
During Reconstruction, the 14th and 15th Amendments were passed resulting in
increased individual rights for African Americans
Southern states attempted to limit the impact of constitutional amendments passed during the Reconstruction Era by
passing Jim Crow laws
The Black Codes passed by Southern states during Reconstruction, were attempts to
deny equal rights to African Americans
The right to vote was guarenteed to blacks by the Fifteenth Amendment- T/F
The south had some advantages during the war such as more railroads and more population-T/F
African Americans were kept in debt during and after Reconstrction through share cropping and tenant farming T/F
The 13th amendment abolished slavery T/F
The Ku Klux Klan was formed by many Cnfederate officers T/F
The 14th Amendment defined citizenship T/F
The Ku Klux Klan was a secret society that claimed to be an organization of "Chivalry, humanity, mercy, and patriotism," but actually was designed to maintain white supremacy. T/F
What was another name for the Black Codes?
Jim Crow Laws
What were the laws that were enacted to restrict the rights of the freed people?
Jim Crow Laws
What group kept African Americans from voting or asserting rights through the use of violence and fear tactics?
Ku Klux Klan
Period in U.S. history in which the nation tries to adjust to the new conditions created by the Civil War.
What are two advantages the North had over the South before 1860?
more factories/industry
more railroads
more population/ larger cities
more communication/telegraph wires
Explain why life for some African Americans did not change in the South?
southerners wanted to keep control over African Americans and limit their right so they enacted the black codes, Jim Crow laws and founded the Ku Klux Klan
Give two examples of Jim Crow laws and explain how they discriminated against African Americans
poll tax
literacy test
separate facilities based on race
restricted voting rights and access to equal facilities
What bureau provided food, clothing and education to former slaves
Fredmen's Bureau