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54 Cards in this Set

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T'ien
heaven, most likely refers to the ancestor of the Chou Dynasty; refers both to a theological term and a scientific one; comes to replace Shang Ti when the Chou conquer the Shang in the 12th century
T'ien Ming
"mandate of heaven," explanation given to the Shang people by the Chou when they were conquered; the logic is that heaven sets up new rulers as soon as the previous one turns away from virtue
T'ien tzu
king, the "son of heaven" who operates under t'ien ming
Tao
the way
Tao te ching
the Classic-of-the-Way (tao) and power(te)
Tao tsang
the Taoist Canon which is made up of 1600 texts
Tsu
ancestor, the first component of the character means "spirit"
Wang
King
Wu
a shaman
Wei
weft (the horizontal thread on a loom), suggests heterodoxy
wu wei
non-action
yin/yang
the darkened and sunny side of a hill respectively; yin associated witht the female, moon, and passivity, yang associated with male, sun, and aggression; facets of the same totality; their forces are constantly interacting, extending to all pairs of opposites
Yuuh i-tsu
Yuuh "with one foot," an example of reverse euhemerization, i.e., a mythological figure who eventually takes on the characteristics of a human being
kuei
ghosts, one's ancestral spirits can become theses if the ancestral sacrifice isn't performed regularly and correctly
Lao Tzu
the "old master," purported author of the Tao te Ching, but his historicity has been questioned; perhaps a composit name for three figures
Li
rites and propriety, a ritual attitude towards things
Mencius
Confucian author whose book becomes canonical in the 13th century; the first to expound on human nature (hsing), of which there are four components (li, i, jen, chih)
pi-kuan
"cliff gazing," refers to an intensely concentrated form of meditation practiced by Bodhidharma
Sage Kings
Yao, Shun, and Yu responsible for the founding of the Hsia, but there is no adequate archaeological evidence
Shang Dynasty
Earliest ruling dynasty known in China
Shang Ti
"ruler upon high," or "first ancestor," ancestor of the Shang Dynasty's royal family who becomes the main deity
Shen Nung
culture hero who invented agriculture and commerce
Shih
a form of divination; the character suggests the manipulation of yarrow stalks
ta-hsueh
"the great learning"; a chapter of the ritual classic Li Chi
T'ang Dynasty
618-906 ce
Shang Dynasty period
1766-1122 BCE
Bodhidharma
founder of the Ch'an school of Buddhism in China
Ch'an
a translation of the Sanskrit dhyana (meditation); originally ch'an-ma but the ma was dropped; important school of chinese buddhism
cheng ming
"rectification of names";
Confucian doctrine suggests given names have given meanings
chi
generic terms for all forms of sacrifice; the old character shows a bird upside down with hands holding it
ch'i
"vital force" in taoism
chien-hsing
"looking into one's true nature"
ching
warp (the longitudinal thread on a loom), refers to a classic, of which there are five, suggests orthodoxy
chou dynasty
second ruling dynasty in china
chou dynasty period
1120-256 BCE
chu
"master of ceremonies" who was in charge of divination rituals
chuang tzu
the "serious master", a humorous title since he was anything but; rather paradoxical and ironic
chun tzu
a nobleman or gentleman; originally means someone who was born of the aristocracy,m but Confucius uses it to mean someone who reaches perfection through learning, not birth
chung yung
the "mean" or "middle"
Confucius
a man of humble origins who held a menial government office and came from the state of Lu; eventually becomes a teacher and takes on disciples; the analects frsult from his teachings
euhemerization
a description of mythmaking which claims that historical figures gradually become deified
fan
"to return", refers to the Taoist notion of getting back on the path
five classics
book of history, poetry, ritual, changes, spring and autumn annals
fu hsi
culture hero said to have invented fishing and trapping
Han Dynasty
200BCE-200CE
hsiao
fillial piety, proper relationships between children and parents
Fu Hsi
a culture hero said to have invented fishing and trapping
Hsun tzu
third most important confucian thinker; a major interpreter for centuries, but was looked down upon in the past
Huang Ti
the "yellow emperor" who invented metallurgy
Hui-nung
the 6th patriarch of ch'an who received the transmission of mind from Hung-jen, the 5th patriarch
Hui K'o
the disciple to whom the bodhidharma "transmitted mind"
hun & p'o
earliest words for soul; at birth they come together in the body and assume consciousness; hun goes up and p'o sinks down after death; no notion of rebirth
i
righteousness, implies morality
jen
humanness, benevolence, literally "man to manness," the character showing a doubling of man