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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Define rhythm
occurance of varying lengths of sound and silence
Name the four "types" of rhythm
Regular, uniform regular, irregular and syncopated irregular
Long notes on strong beats with no syncopation refers to what kind of rhythm?
regular rhythm
When does uniform regular rhythm occur?
measure filled by one note, measure is divided equally into units of beats or measure is divided into equal divisions of the unit of beat
Long notes on weak beats (or weak parts of beats) or syncopated rhythm refers to what kind of rhythm?
irregular rhythm
Describe when syncopation can occur.
1. weak beat or beat part is accented
2. weak beat or beat part is tied to following strong beat
3. rest is on a strong beat or on any beat after a note on a weak part of a beat
4. long notes occur on weak parts of beats
What is another name for the down beat or first beat in a measure?
thesis
How do we refer to a phrase that starts on a thesis?
it has a thetic beginning
What name do we give the beats other than the first in a measure?
arsis
What is an anacrusis?
phrase that begins on an arsis
What do we call it when the last note starts on the thesis?
masculine ending
Define a feminine ending
when the last attack occurs on an arsis
Related meters have the same _____ but a different _____.
metrical stress (top #); unit of the beat (bottom #)
Equivalent meters are 2 different meters, one _____ and one _____ that have the same beat ______ and the same note representing the _____beat.
simple, compound, grouping, divided
With regard to equivalent meters...
Using compound division of the beat in simple time employs _____ notation.
triplet
With regard to equivalent meters...
Using simple division of the beat in compound time employs _____ notation.
duplet