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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Allusion
a passing or casual reference
Ambiguity
trying to get a point across but no working, multiple meanings
Analogy
comparision of two unlike things based on a common trait(i.e. metaphor, simile)
Antecedent
a word, phrase, or clause that is replaced by a substitute
Antithesis
contrast of ideas by parallel arrangement of words, sentances, or clauses
Aphorism
a saying, short sentance expressing a general truth
Apostrophe
adresses absent person or abstract concept (i.e. talk to wind, death, hope)
Asyndeton
clause without a conjunction
Clause
phrase with both a subject and a verb
Colloquialism
use of informal language
Connotation
mood, emotion, attitude or color of a word, not literal meaning
Denotation
literal meaning, strictly what is out of a dictionary
Diction
choice of words
Didactic
writing that is preachy or intending to teach a moral lesson
Ethos
an ethical appeal, can refer to character of speaker
Euphemism
use of mild or indirect expression instead of one that is unpleasant.
Figurative Language
speech or writing that isn't literal to display effect or meaning.(i.e. Similie, metaphor)
Hyperbole
an obvious and intentional exaggeration
Imagery
sensory detail, figurative language that applies to senses
Inference
logical conclusion based on evidence
Irony
a contrast between what is stated and what is meant
Juxtaposition
two contrasting ideas placed together for emphasis
Logos
an appeal based on logic or reason
Metonymy
reference to something or someone by naming one of its attributes(substitution of attribute instead of person)
Mood
a feeling and atmosphere that the author creates through use of language, images, and detail
Motif
a reoccurring theme or object
Onomatopoeia
words that imitate sound of object or what it refers to
Polysyndeton
the use of conjunctions where you would otherwise use commas
Paradox
statement that seems contradictory but upon examination is held to be true
Parallelism
use of identical or similar syntax in corresponding phrases, sentances, or clauses
Parody
humorous or satirical, mimicking, a spok of something
Pathos
an emotional appeal to an audience, often works with pathos
Pedantic
wanting to show intelligence
Point of View
nararator's position in relation to the story told
Rhetoric
art of using language effectively regardless of message
Sarcasm
meant to be bitter or caustic, or show disapproval. Usually by using verbal irony, one thing that means opposite.
Satire
use of sarcasm, irony, wit to attack or ridicule a subject in society, normally social institutions.
Shift
any kind of change in point of view, tense, setting. Any significant change in writing.
Style
distinctive way of writing or speaking
Syntax
the way in which words are put together
Tone
attitude toward subject/audience shown by author, either stated or implied
Understatement
intentional lack of emphasis
Personification
figure of speech in which things or ideas can be given human attributes
Simile
comparision using like or as
Wit
intellectually amusing language
Alliteration
repeitition of same sounds at the beginning of words or unstressed syllables
Metaphor
a comparision between two unlike things, without using like or as
Inversion
the usual word order is rearranged