Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/30

Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
__________ ________ are materials on Earth that are available for our use.
natural resources
___ ____ are resources that can be replaced by natural means.
renewable resources
___ ___ are resources that cannot be replaced.
nonrenewable resources
___,___ ____ and ____ are all fossil fuels.
petroleum, natural gases and coal
___ ____ are formed when the remains of plants and animals are buried quickly.
fossil fuels
___ ___ provide most of the energy we use and are nonrenewable.
fossil fuels
_____ means liquid rock, and is the liquid form of fossl fuel.
petroleum
The ___ ___ ___ is the largest known oil field in the United States.
Prudhoe Bay Field
Another name of petroleum is __ ___.
crude oil
A _____ is a factory that separates the crude oil into different products.
refinery
The ___ ___ is 800 miles long and transport oil from Prudhoe to Valdez.
Alaskan Pipeline
Heating crude oil causes it ___ and ____.
separate
vaporize
Vaporized products of crude oil are ___,___, and ___.
gasoline, kerosene and diesel
___ ____ are used in making plastics, paints, fabrics, makeups and cologne.
petroleum chemicals
The use of crude oil can cause ____.
pollution
Name some ways petroleum products pollute? 1)
2)
1)oil spills from wells
2)air pollution
___ ____ is a fossil fuel in its gaseous state, found close to an oil deposit.
natural gas
About____ of the natural gas is from offshore drilling.
1/5
_____ is formed when plant material is quickly buried.
coal
Coal provides about __% of our energy and is used to generate electricity.
25%
Coal comes in different grades. The best and cleanest grade is ____.
anthracite coal
The second best grade of coal is ________.
bitnuminous
The most common type of coal is ____, that is soft and contains sulfur.
bitnuminous
A type of coal that is partially made of decayed plant material is ___.
lignite
___ is made from bogs and must be dried out before it can be used.
lignite
Nuclear energy depends on a nonrenewable resource called ___.
uranium
In a nuclear reactor, the uranium atom is ____, producing energy.
split
About ___% of the energy produced in the US is nuclear.
8%
Why do people not want to use nuclear energy?
Because uncontrolled nuclear energy is extreme dangerous.
Why is nuclear energy a onrenewable source of energy?
Because it uses a nonrenewable resource - uranium.