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12 Cards in this Set

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photosynthesis
The process in green plants and certain other organisms by which carbohydrates are synthesized from carbon dioxide and water using light as an energy source. Most forms of photosynthesis release oxygen as a byproduct.
formula
A symbolic representation of the composition or of the composition and structure of a compound.
Organisms
An individual form of life, such as a plant, animal, bacterium, protist, or fungus; a body made up of organs, organelles, or other parts that work together to carry on the various processes of life.
Organelle
A differentiated structure within a cell, such as a mitochondrion, vacuole, or chloroplast, that performs a specific function.
Light Dependent Reaction
a reaction occering in photosynthesis that makes energy
Chlorophyll
Any of a group of green pigments that are found in the chloroplasts of plants and in other photosynthetic organisms such as cyanobacteria
ATP
An adenosine-derived nucleotide, C10H16N5O13P3, that contains high-energy phosphate bonds and is used to transport energy to cells for biochemical processes, including muscle contraction and enzymatic metabolism, through its hydrolysis to ADP. ATP is hydrolyzed to AMP when it is incorporated into DNA or RNA.
NADP
A coenzyme, C21H28N7O17P3, occurring in most living cells and utilized similarly to NAD but interacting with different metabolites.
Stroma
The connective tissue framework of an organ, gland, or other structure, as distinguished from the tissues performing the special function of the organ or part.
Photolysis
Chemical decomposition induced by light or other radiant energy
Light Independent Reaction
Reactions taking place within a plant cell that doesnt require light to make energy
Calvin Cycle
a cycle of biochemical reactions taking place in the chloroplasts plants during photosynthesis in which carbon dioxide is fixed and six-carbon sugar formed; also called Calvin-Benson cycle