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64 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
question framework
(co) (phải là) ... không?
inital polite particle
dạ
final polite particle
final particle - seeking confirmation
à
final particle - all right/OK
nhé
final particle - expecting agreement (emphatic)
chứ
final particle - stressing questions
đấy
What is it like ?
...thế nào
neither ... nor
không <ADJ> cũng không <ADJ>
have you done this yet?

Yes, I have done it already
No, I have not done it yet
đã ... chưa

Rồi, tôi ... rồi
Chưa, tôi chưa ...
Demonstrative

this, that, that over there + <NOUN>
<NOUN> + này / ấy / kia
to be equal / as <ADJ> as
<ADJ> + bằng
comparative - more than
<ADJ> + hơn
superlative - the most
<ADJ> + nhất
every + time
hàng + time
When (past)
... bao giờ? / khi nào? / lúc nào?
When (present / future)
Bao giờ / Khi nào / Lúc nào ...?
only
<SUBJ> chỉ <VERB> thôi
present particle
đang
past particle
đã
recent past particle
vừa mới / vừa / mới
near future particle
sắp
future particle
sẽ
otherwise
<CLAUSE 1> kẻo <CLAUSE 2>
number + <NOUN>
<NUMBER> + <CLASSIFIER> + <NOUN>

hai tờ báo
<NOUN> + <PRONOUN>
<CLASSIFIER> + <NOUN> + <PRONOUN>

chiếc xê này / ấy / kia
a little / many + <NOUN>

<VERB> + a little / many
ít / nhiều + <NOUN>

<VERB> + ít / nhiều
all / some
các / những
very + ADJ
rất + <ADJ> / <ADJ> + lắm / quá

rất < lắm < quá
very + VERB
SUBJECT + rất + VERB + OBJECT
SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + lắm
SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + quá
is this very <ADJ> ?
<SUBJECT> có <ADJ> lắm không
not very <ADJ>
<SUBJECT> không <ADJ> lắm
to not <VERB> very much

to not <VRB> at all
<SUBJECT> không <VERB> <OBJECT> lắm

<SUBJECT> rất không <VERB> <OBJECT>
or (listing)
<ITEM> hay / hoặc <ITEM>
or (question / choice)
<ITEM> hay <ITEM> ?
Yes / Yeah (informal)
Ừ!
since + <TIME>
từ + <TIME>
to + <TIME>
dến + <TIME>
at + <DATE / TIME>
vào + <TIME>
at + <CLOCK / TIME>
[vào] lúc + <TIME>
how long (suggesting started and finished in the past)
bao lâu ?
how long (suggesting started in past and still continuing)
bao lâu rồi ?
belonging to / possessive
của (của cannot be omitted if the noun is modified or the noun is compound)

chiếc xe mới của anh
câu hỏi của thày giáo
Request - order
hãy + <VERB>
Request - continue
cứ + <VERB>
Request - start
<VERB> + đi

<VERB> + <ADVERB> + đi
Request - expecting agreement
<SENTENCE> + nhé !
Request - please
mời + <PRONOUN>
Request - dont
đừng + <VERB>
to finish doing something
<VERB> + xong
directional verbs - to go out
ra
directional verbs - to come in
vào
directional verbs - to go up
lên
directional verbs - to go down
xuống
directional verbs - to come / arrive
đến / tới
directional verbs - to return / come back
về
directional verbs - to cross
sang / qua
both <ADJ> and <ADJ>

<VERB> at the same time as / while <VERB>

to be both <THIS> and <THAT>
vừa <ADJ> vừa <ADJ>

vừa <VERB> vừa <VERB>

vừa là <THIS> vừa là <THAT>
To do this, then do that
<to do this> rồi <to do that>
so / such / like that
thế / vậy

Sao thế ? Không phải vậy. Anh không ngốc như vậy
However, ...
tuy vậy, ...
connective - for phrases with opposite meaning

A is X; but B is Y
thì

Mùa hè thì nóng, mùa đông thì lạnh
Although / Despite <condition>, <clause>
Tuy <condition>, nhưng <clause>

Tuy ở nhà nhưng bà Brown rất bận rộn
final particle - isnt it / dont you think so
nhỉ

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