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25 Cards in this Set

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The ancient Egyptian system of writing that used symbols to stand for objects, ideas, or sounds was called _________.
hieroglyphics
A hill in ancient Athens that became a religious center and meeting place; the site of the Parthenon was the ________.
Acropolis
A form of government in which citizens elect representatives to speak or act for them is called a/an _________.
republic
________ were soldiers who protected the manor, and served a lord.
Knights
________ is the most important achievement of Islamic literature; it is the sacred book of Islam.
The Quran (aka Koran)
Most of the fighting in the Hundred Years' War took place in __________.
France
The ________ were a series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage in the 200s B.C. ending in a victory for Rome.
Punic Wars
A/An ________ was a type of Greek foot soldier.
hoplite
A Muslim place of worship is called a/an ________.
mosque
The _______ and the _______ are two large physical features that dominate Egypt.
Nile River; desert
The purpose of the First Crusade was to __________________.
regain control over Jerusalem (A.D. 1095).
Joan of Arc is important to the French people because _________________.
she (supposedly inspired directly by God) rallied the French people to unite under Prince Stephen and to take up arms and continue to fight the English, eventually pushing them out of France. She wore men's battle gear and fought herself leading many battles.
Charlemagne was considered a great ruler because __________________.
not only did he conquer much of Eurpoe and spread Christianity throughout his empire, he had a true love of learning and supported many scholars, artists and musicians.
The _______ Turks are the group of Turks who had the most lasting influence on Islam.
Selijek, because they were able to resist the Crusaders.
Huge stone structures built as burial places (tombs) for the pharaohs were called ___________.
pyramids
A Muslim leader who had both political and religious authority was called a/an _________.
caliph
The largest of Greece's islands is called _______________.
Crete
In the Middle Ages a/an _______ was given to a vassal in exchange for his loyalty.
fief
The agora was used as both a _______ and _________.
marketplace and meeting place
A community in which monks lead lives devoted to religion is called a/an ___________.
monastery
_________ was the name of the volcano that destroyed Pompeii in A.D.79.
Mount Vesuvius
The _______ is a legal document written by the lords of England in 1215 that granted them certain rights and limited the power of the king. It was important because _________________.
Magna Carta

IT WAS THE BEGINNING OF PLACING LEGAL LIMITS ON THE POWER OF THE RULER.
_________ is the name of Europe's highest mountain range.
The Alps
The steps to becoming a knight are first, he ____________; second (at about age 7), he ___________ where he _________; and at about 15 or 16 he ___________.
First, he LEARNED TO RIDE AND CARE FOR HORSES; then at age 7 he HE LEFT HOME TO LIVE IN A KNIGHT'S HOUSEHOLD where he LEARNED TO BEHAVE WITH COURTESY AND TO HANDLE SMALL WEAPONS; and at about 15 or 16 HE BEGAN TO RIDE IN BATTLES.
The title once used by the rulers of ancient Egypt was _________.
pharaoh