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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Define temperature
The measure of the adverage kinetic energy of the particles in a substance.
What is thermal energy?
The total energy of a substance's or other material's particles due to their movement or vibration.
A state of matter with no definate shape or volume is...
Gas
What is pressure?
The force exerted on a surface divided by the total area over which the force is exerted
Who's law states that The relationship between the pressure and the volume of a gas at constant temperature; when volume increases, pressure decreases
Boyle's Law
Give the definition for solid
A state of matter that has a definate shape and volume
A melting point is...
The temperature at which a substance changes from a solid to liquid
Define sublimation
The change in state from a solid directly to a gas without passing though a liquid state
Melting is...
The change from the solid to a liquid state of matter
A state of matter that has definate volume but no definate shape
Liquid
Vaporization that occurs on and below the surface of a liquid is...
Boiling
What is vaporization?
The change from the liquid to the gasous state of matter
Define viscosity
The resistance of liquid flowing
What is a crystalline solid?
A substance made up of crystals in which the particles ate attanged in a regular, repeating pattern
amorphous solid is...
A solid made up of particles that are not arranged in a regular pattern
Who's law states that The relationship between the temperature and volume of a gas ate constant temperature; when the temperature increases, volume increases
Charles's Law
Freezing is...
The change in state from a liquid to a solid
Define evaporation
The process that occurs when vaporization takes place only on the surface of a liquid
The temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas is...
Boiling Point
The change from a gas to a liquid state of matter is...
Condensation