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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is democracy
When everyone rules
What is a republic
when you elect people to vote for you
What is populism
it goes aganist popular opinion
What is mob rule
trynnay of majority self interest of majorinty
ex: japanese internment camps
McCarthyism
What is elite
diapotionate power
bueracrats
business leaders
military
run country
What is did Marxism think
thought people would rise up
What is pluralism
number of factions
What are factions and examples of them
interest groups
pro life
pro choice
what is oligarchy?
small government
What is unitary government?
same party controls the white house and both houses of congress
What is federal government
government authority shared by national and state governments
What is conferral government
government power in states
whats wrong with the Articles of Confederation
couldn have taxes or trade
states had power and independence
weak constitution made to govern america during revolutionary war
What is Shays Rebellion
1787 rebellion in which ex-revolutionary war soldiers attempted to prevent foreclousers of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes
What is the VA plan
proposal to create strong national government
What is the NJ plan
proposal to create a weak national government
What is the CT compromise or great compromise
plan to have a popularly elected house based on state population and a state-selected senate,with two members for each state
What is the bill of rights
the first 10 amendments to the constitution
What is seperation of powers
constitutional authority is shared by three different branches of governemnt
judicial
exectutive
legislative
What is checks and balances
authority shared by 3 branches of government
What are the benefits and consequences of a fed system
shared power between states
some states powers are taken away
what are mandates
term set by the national government that states must meent whether or not they accept federal grants
what are blocks grants
money form the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by washington
What is the necessary and prper clause
elcatic clause lets congress do almost anything article 8 section 8
What is McCulloch v Maryland
about national supremacy
Md decided to tax fed bank
McCulloch refused to pay tax and was fined $2,500 and taken to supreme court
Marshall cheif justice
maryland cant tax "that the power to tax implies the power to destroy..."
Marshall said national gov most important
What is the enumerated powers
list of powers congress has federal legislative
Can states propse amendements and has it every happened
yes never happened made for outlet for the people
how many amendments have been introduced
11,000
ERA 1972 DC voting rights 1978
Who is Baron de Montesquieu what did he write and who did he influence
A philosopher
didnt believe in ferderalism
did believe in separation of powers and 3 branches
wrote the spirit of the laws book
didnt believe in slavery wanted democracy and equality
thought women would be at governing
Whos is jHon locke and what did he write
a philosopher
seperation of church and state
natural rights god given
two tresties
Whos is Thomas Hobbes and what did he write
a philospher
The Leviathan book
beliefs absolut power/soverign rule one leader treat everyone equaly
gov corrupted peole should change it
peace between people
maintain peace w/ nationa thats what gov there for
human rights common good
bill of rights and amendments
Leviathan looked out for common good
didnt believe in seperation of powers
Who is John Rossuau what did he write
Emile
dicourse on the orign
discourse on inequility
discourse on moral
social contract
thought gov responsible of upholding rights
state of nature caoas
social contract makes life good
What is authority
right to have power
What is legitmacy
government has been reconized by rest of the world plotical authority conferred bu law or by state or nation
Why did the framers favor representative democracy over direct democracy
representative-felt people did not have the time interest and information to vote all the time
What is devolution
effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states. Regan amedsration
what is dual federalism
is a doctrine holding that the national governemnt is supreme in its sphere. these two sphers should be and are kept separte
nullification
the doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that in the states opinion violates the constitution
police power
state power to enact laws promoting health safety and morals
initiative
process the permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot
referendum
procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature
recall
procedure where by voters can remove an elected offioial form office
grants -in aid
money given by the national government to the states
categorical grants
federal grants from specific purposes such as building an airports
revenue sharing
federal sharing of a fixed percentage of its revenue with the states
unalienable
human right based on nature or god
constituional convention
meeting in philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constituion
judicial review
the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
reserved powers
powers given to the state government
concurrent powers
powers shared by the national and state governments
federalisits
those who favor a stronger national government
antifederalists
those who favor a weaker natioanl government
coalition
an alliance of factions
habeas corpus
an order to produce an arrested person before judge
bill of attainder
a law that declares a person without a trail to be guilty of a crime
ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
amendment
a new provision in the constituion that has been ratifed by states
line item veto
an executives ability to block
reserved powers
powers given to the state government
concurrent powers
powers shared by the national and state governments
federalisits
those who favor a stronger national government
antifederalists
those who favor a weaker natioanl government
coalition
an alliance of factions
habeas corpus
an order to produce an arrested person before judge
bill of attainder
a law that declares a person without a trail to be guilty of a crime
ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal although the act was legal when it was committed
amendment
a new provision in the constituion that has been ratifed by states
line item veto
an executives ability to block
What is legitmacy
government has been reconized by rest of the world plotical authority conferred bu law or by state or nation
Why did the framers favor representative democracy over direct democracy
representative-felt people did not have the time interest and information to vote all the time
What is devolution
effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states. Regan amedsration
what is dual federalism
is a doctrine holding that the national governemnt is supreme in its sphere. these two sphers should be and are kept separte
nullification
the doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that in the states opinion violates the constitution
police power
state power to enact laws promoting health safety and morals
initiative
process the permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot
referendum
procedure enabling voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature
recall
procedure where by voters can remove an elected offioial form office
grants -in aid
money given by the national government to the states
categorical grants
federal grants from specific purposes such as building an airports
revenue sharing
federal sharing of a fixed percentage of its revenue with the states
unalienable
human right based on nature or god
constituional convention
meeting in philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constituion
judicial review
the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional