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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
On average how many breaths per minute?
12
What is the exchange of gases beween an organism and surrounding medium?
Respiration
What is the process involving moving air into and out of the lungs?
Breathing/ventilation
What is the process involving exchange of o2 and co2 beween inhaled air and blood?
external respiration
What is the process involving exchange of o2 and co2 between blood and body cells?
internal respiration
What is the process involving use of nutrients and o2 by each body cell to make ATP - forms CO2 as waste?
Cellular respiration
What type of epithelium is in nasal cavities?
ciliated pseudostratified
What is the opening into the larynx?
Glottis
This structure is rigid, cartilaginous
-contains vocal cords
larynx
Highly vascular internal cavities for gas exchange
lungs
How many lobes are on the right and left lungs?
3 right 2 left
Lungs are contained within what cavity?
Pleural
muscles contract, increases lung volume
inspiration
muscles relax, decreases lung volume
expiration
In the capillaries o2 combines with what to form what?
hemoglobin to form oxyhemoglobin
Hb is a ____containg protien
iron
the CO2 waste product is geneartated during what?
cellular respiration
70% of CO2 is transported as a what?
bicarbonate ion
20% of the CO2 combines with hemoglobin to form what?
carboxyhemoglobin
Where is the respirtory center in the brain?
medulla oblongata
Spagmlocontration of the muscles of the bronchi and bronchioles
asthma
Alveoli burst and blend to form fewer sacs for gas exchange
emphysema
inflammation of the bronchi
bronchitis
inherited disease in which a lung membrane transport protein is not produced
cystic fibrosis