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50 Cards in this Set

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TO COMPLETELY CEASE TO BREATH FOR A PERIOD OF TIME
APNEA OR APNEIC
TACHYCARDIA (PULSE > 100) INDICATES
HYPOXEMIA, ANXIETY OR STRESS
GIVE O2
BRADYCARDIA (< 60 PULSE) INDICATES
HEART FAILURE, SHOCK, CODE EMERGENCY
WHEN A PTS PULSE AND OR BLOOD PRESSURE VARIES WITH RESPIRATION, POSSIBLY INDICATING SEVER AIR TRAPPING AS IN STATUS ASTHMATICUS
PARADOXICAL PULSE OR PULSUS PARADOXUS
DISEASES OR DISORDERS WHICH PRODUCE CHRONIC HYPOXIA WILL IN TIME STIMULATE BONE MARROW TO INCREASE RBC. THIS INCREASED LEVEL IS KNOWN AS? AND WHAT IS THE PURPOSE
POLYCYTHEMIA

INCREASES THE OXYGEN CARRYING CAPACITY IN THE BLOOD.
AN INCREASE IN MUSCLE SIZE OCCURING IN COPD PTS? AND WHY
HYPERTROPHY OR MUSCULAR HYPERTROPHY
DUE TO OVERUSE OF VENTILATORY MUSCLES, CHRONIC
A PT WITH DIGITAL CLUBBING IN THE FINGER HAS WHAT AND IS VISABLE ON WHICH TWO FINGERS
CHRONIC HYPOXIA
THUMB, INDEX
EXAMPLES OF OBJECTIVE INFORMATION
THINGS YOU CAN MEASURE
COLOR, PULSE, EDEMA, BP
THE TERM THAT DESCRIBES A PT HAVING DIFFICULTY BREATHING EXCEPT WHILE SETTING UPRIGHT, WHAT PT IS AFFECTED
ORTHOPNEA
CHF OR CARDIAC PROBLEMS
SMOKE HISTORY EQUATION
PTS YEARS SMOKED X'S PACK AVERAGE PER DAY.
40 YEARS X'S 1 PACK PER DAY 40 PACK YEARS
WHAT IS A THROMBUS
BLOOD CLOT,EMBOLUS OR EMBOLISM
STATUS ASTHMATICUS
A CONDITION OF SEVER PROLONGED ASTHMA ATTACK POSSIBLY NOT RESPONDING TO STANDARD DRUGS USED TO IMPROVE OR ELEMINATE BRONCHOSPASM
TERM USED TO IDENTIFY MUSCLE WASTING (LOSS OF MUSCLE TONE)
WHEN DOES THIS OCCUR
ATROPHY
PARALYSIS
DYSPHAGIA
DIFICULTY SWOLLOWING
DOESN'T RESPOND TO PAINFUL STIMULI
COMMATOSE
DUHHHH
A PT THAT ONLY RESPONSE TO PAINFUL STIMULI
SEMICOMATOSE
THE TERM USED TO MEAN INCREASED RATE AND DEPTH OF VENTILATION COMMONLY CAUSED BY METABOLIC DISORDERS OR CNS DISORDERS
HYPERPNEA
NON MEASURABLE THINGS THAT A PT MUST TELL YOU, DYSPNEA, PAIN, NAUSEA, IS CONSIDERED
SUBJECTIVE INFORMATION
PULMONARY FIBROSIS
SCARING OF LUNG TISSUE
THE PROCESS IN WHICH EXUDATE FLUID BECOMES SOLID USUALLY IN CERTAIN TYPES OF PNEUMONIA
CONSOLIDATION
THE TERM USED FOR DARK PATTERN, AIR WHICH IS NORMAL FOR LUNGS? CHEST XRAY ?
RADIOLUCENT
HEMODYNAMIC LITTERALLY MEANS
HEMO DYNAMIC
BLOOD MOVEMENT
A GRADUALLY INCREASING THEN DECREASING RATE AND DEPTH IN A CYCLE LASTING FROM 30 TO 180 SEC AND APNEA PERIODS UP TO 60 SEC
CHEYNE STOKES RESPIRATIONS

CAUSES: INCREASED ICP, MENINGITIS OR DRUG OVERDOSE
TWO TERMS USED TO DESCRIBE A PT THAT ACTS SLEEPY (POSSIBLY A COPD PT WITH O2 OVERDOSE)
LETHARGIC OR SOMNOLENCE
RR ABOVE 20 PER MIN. WHICH IS ABNORMAL. TERM? CAUSES
TACHYPNEA

FEVER, HYPOXIA, PAIN OR CNS PROBLEMS
A PT THAT HAS A FLAIL CHEST WHERE THE BROKEN RIBS ARE, UPON INHALATION, CHEST GOES IN AND VISA VERSA
PARADOXICAL CHEST MOVEMENT
A DEPRESSION OF PART OR ALL OF THE STERNUM
PECTUS EXCAVATUM
A REDUCTION OF 5 GRAMS OR MORE IN HEMOGLOBIN CAUSING A BLUE OR BLUE GRAY DISCOLORATION CAUSED BY HYPOXIA
CYANOSIS
THIS TERM IS USED TO IDENTIFY REDNESS OF THE SKIN POSSIBLY DUE TO CAPILLARY CONGESTION, INFLAMMATION OR INFECTION
ERYTHEMA
TWO TERMS USED TO MEAN A DECREASE IN COLOR DUE TO ANEMIA OR ACUTE BLOOD LOSS
ASHEN OR PALLOR


VASOCONSTRICTION WILL CAUSE COLOR CHANGE BY REDUCING BLOOD FLOW
AN INCREASE IN BILLIRUBIN (YELLOW) IN THE BLOOD AND TISSUE APPEARING MOSTLY IN THE FACE AND TRUNK
JAUNDICE
A STATE OF PREFUSE OR HEAVY SWEATTING? COMMON CAUSES
DIAPHORESIS

CARDIAC FALURE
FEVOR, INFECTION
ANXIETY, NERVOUSNESS
TB NIGHT SWEATS
NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION
HOSPITAL ACCUIRED. USUALLY FROM STAFF FROM ROOM TO ROOM. POOR HAND WASHING IS THE GENERAL CAUSE
HEMOPTYSIS
EXPECTORATION OF BLOOD IN THE MUCUS FROM THE RESPIRATORY TRACT.
MI
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION OR HEART ATTACK. BLOOD SUPPLY TO THE HEART INTERUPTED
PNEUMOTHORAX
PNEUMO MEANS AIR
THORAX MEANS CHEST CAVITY
SO....AIR IN THE PLURAL SPACE
TENSION PNEUMO MEANS AIR FILLED CAUSING TENSION (WHEN THEY PUT A CHEST TUBE IN YOU CAN ACTUALLY HEAR THE AIR RELEASE)
ISCHEMIA
SHORTAGE OF BLOOD SUPPLY TO AN ORGAN
AN ABRUPT CESSATION OF NORMAL CIRCULATION OF THE BLOOD DUE TO FAILURE OF THE HEART TO CONTRACT EFFECTIVELY DURING SYSTOLE. (HEART HAS STOPPED ALL TOGETHER)
CARDIAC ARREST
HEART FAILURE
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE, WHEN THE HEART WILL NOT FILL WITH ENOUGH BLOOD OR WILL NOT PUMP THE BLOOD THROUGH THE BODY THE WAY IT SHOULD OR BOTH. DOESN'T MEAN THE HEART HAS STOPPED OR WILL STOP WORKING
AN ABNORMAL CONTRACTION OF THE SMOOTH MUSCLE OF THE BRONCHI CAUSING A NARROWING AND OBSTRUCTION OF THE AIRPASSAGE IS KNOWN AS? TERM
BRONCHOSPASM
PNEUMOTHORAX, RUPTURED ESOPHAGUS AND OR BRONCHIAL TUBE ARE COMMONLY CAUSED BY ______________ REFURING TO AIR TRAPPED DIRECTLY UNDER THE SKIN OF THE KNECK OR CHEST CAUSING A CRACKELY SOUND BENEATH THE SURFACE.
SUBCUTANEOUS EMPHYSEMA
A SIGN OF RESPIRATORY DISTRESS IN INFANTS OR BLOCKED (OBSTRUCTED) AIRWAY IN ADULTS WHERE THE CHEST MOVES INWARD (ABNORMAL) DURING INHALATION IS CALLED
INTERCOSTAL RETRACTIONS (BETWEEN RIBS)
OR
STERNAL RETRACTIONS
TO PREVENT ATELECTASIS IN INFANTS, THE INFANT WILL DO EXPIRATORY_________________, ______________ AND OR ___(2 WORDS)____ ______________
GRUNTING, RETRACITONS, NASAL FLAIRING
PALPATION IS USED BY PLACING AN INDEX FINGER THROUGH THE _________ ___________ ________ AND COMPARING THE SPACE BETWEEN THE LEFT CLAVICAL AND THE LEFT BORDER TO ASSESS FOR ________ __________
SUPRA STERNAL NOTCH

TRACHIAL DEVIATION
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PLEURAL EFFUSION AND PULMONARY EDEMA
PULMONARY EFFUSION: FLUID IN PLEURAL SPACE

PULMONARY EDEMA: EXCESSIVE AMOUNTS OF PLASMA (FLUID) IN THE LUNGS ALVEOLI USUALLY ACCOMPANIED BY SEVER RESPRATORY DISTRESS, TACHYPNEA AND HYPOXIA
A CONDITION WHERE AN OBJECT OFTEN A BLOOD CLOT TRAVELS AND BECOMES LODGED IN THE LUNGS? TX
PULMONARY EMBOLISM

THIS BLOCKS A PORTION OF PULMONARY CIRCULATION CAUSING DEAD SPACE.

TX: ANTICOAGULATION (CLOT BUSTERS OR THROMBOLYTICS)
PNEUMOTHORAX (NBRC FAV EMERGENCY) OR TENSION PNEUMO WILL REQUIRE
CHEST TUBE
THE TWO COMMON INSPIRATORY MUSCLES? EXHALATION SHOULD ALWAYS BE
DIAPHRAGM, EXTERNAL INTERCOSTALS

PASSIVE
CHEST MOTION SYMMETRY IS DONE BY? WHAT DOES THIS DETERMINE
BOTH HANDS PLACED ON EITHER CHEST WALL, DURING INSPIRATION CHECK TO SEE IF BOTH MOVE THE SAME DISTANCE

CHECKING FOR SYMMETRICAL OR ASYMMETRICAL CHEST MOVEMENT
PLEURAL EFFUSION IS TX HOW
THORACENTESIS